Cell line selection through gamma irradiation combined with multi-walled carbon nanotubes elicitation enhanced phenolic compounds accumulation inSalvia nemorosacell culture

Heydari, H.R.; Chamani, E.; Esmaielpour, B.

Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 142(2): 353-367

2020


ISSN/ISBN: 0167-6857
DOI: 10.1007/s11240-020-01867-6
Accession: 071019662

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Abstract
Key message Our findings revealed that cell suspension culture established from gamma-irradiationS. nemorosacallus which elicited with Multi-walled carbon nanotubes accumulated much higher phenolic compounds compared to the wild plant. The current study focused on improving the production of phenolic acids in the Woodland Sage cell suspension culture (CSC) through attaining high-yielding cell lines and carboxyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-COOH) elicitation. The leaf-derived callus was irradiated at different doses of gamma irradiation 10 to 100 Gy. The maximum content of rosmarinic acid (RA), salvianolic acid B (SAB), ferulic acid (FA), and cinnamic acid (CA) was recorded in callus cultures irradiated with 70 Gy, which was 18.53, 5.21, 1.9, and 7.59 mg/g DW, respectively. The CSC that established from 70 Gy gamma-irradiated calli accumulated 1.7-fold RA more higher irradiated callus culture. The CSC elicited with various concentrations of MWCNT-COOH in range 25 to 100 mg/l significantly increased fresh weight (FW), dry weight (DW), and phenolic acid contents of cells. The highest FW with 268.47 g/l and DW with 22.17 g/l was obtained in 100 mg/l MWCNT-COOH treatment. The RA, SAB, CA and FA content of CSC treated with 100 mg/l MWCNT-COOH were 13-fold, 14.2-fold, 20-fold, and 3- fold higher than wildS. nemorosaplant at flowering stage, respectively. The antioxidant activity of cultures significantly enhanced with both gamma and MWCNT-COOH based on DPPH and FRAP assay. Our results showed that the combination of cell line selection and MWCNT-COOH elicitation significantly improved the production of secondary metabolites in Woodland Sage, which is useful for large-scale production of phenolic compounds.