Competitive Interactions of Wild Oat (Avena Fatua L.) with Quality and Yield of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.)

Umm-E-Kulsoom; Khan, M. A.; Ali, H. H.; Ali, L.; Rizwan, M. S.; Mahmood, A.; Raza, A.; Javaid, M. M.

Planta Daninha 38: e020209694


ISSN/ISBN: 0100-8358
Accession: 071023150

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Crop-weed competition and interactions are the focus of many researchers to make the weed management decision accurate and economical. Therefore, field studies were conducted in two consecutive years (2012-13 and 2013-14) at two different locations viz Peshawar (34.0167 degrees N, 71.5833 degrees E) and Chitral (35 degrees 50'46 " N, 71 degrees 47'9 " E) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province, Pakistan. The aim of the studies was to determine the competitive ability of wild oat (Avena jatua L.) with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at two ecologically different locations and the possible effects on quantity and quality of wheat grains. In field studies, the experiment were laid out in randomized complete block design (additive design) with three replications in which the seed rate of wheat (var. Ata-Habib) was 125 kg ha(-1) while wild oat was planted at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 plants m(-2). Field data showed the effects of different wild oat densities during both the years were prominent by significantly decreasing the grain and biological yield-related variables of wheat. Wild oat density above 5 plants m4 resulted in decreasing the wheat yield components. These results showed that wild oat started competition at initial stage of the wheat. All other yield related variables of wheat were decreased by the increasing density of wild oat, which is indicated that wild oat compete with wheat throughout the crop season. The grain yield losses in wheat ranged from 2-35% during year 1 and 1-21% during year 2 at wild oat density of 5-40 plants m(-2). The quality variables of wheat grains showed protein content in wheat grains were decreased at higher density of wild oat. During year 2, the gluten content in Chitral was decreased with increasing density of wild oat. In light of the present studies, it is suggested that presence of wild oat decrease all eco-biological yield related variables of wheat.