Section 72
Chapter 71,030

Effects of overexpression of the Rubisco small subunit gene under the control of the Rubisco activase promoter on Rubisco contents of rice leaves at different positions

Kudo, N.; Mano, K.; Suganami, M.; Kondo, E.; Suzuki, Y.; Makino, A.

Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 66(4): 569-578


ISSN/ISBN: 0038-0768
DOI: 10.1080/00380768.2020.1780898
Accession: 071029699

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Photosynthetic activity is expected to be maintained during leaf senescence if the amount of Rubisco is maintained. As the mRNA level of the Rubisco gene decreases rapidly just before the stage of full expansion, its overexpression after full expansion would be effective. We previously found that the mRNA level of the Rubisco activase gene (RCA) is maintained during leaf senescence. In the present study, the Rubisco small subunit gene (RBCS) was overexpressed under the control of the promoter ofRCAin rice. Although Rubisco content increased in the uppermost, fully expanded leaves of transgenic plants in comparison with that in wild-type plants, in the penultimate leaves it decreased to a level similar to that of the wild-type plants. In expanding leaves in transgenic plants, the mRNA levels of the transgeneRBCSincreased further, leading to increases in the mRNA levels of totalRBCSand the Rubisco large subunit gene (RBCL). In the uppermost, fully expanded leaves and the penultimate fully expanded leaves, however, the mRNA levels ofRBCS2and totalRBCSdecreased drastically, and those ofRBCLwere similar to the wild-type levels. These results indicate that Rubisco content was not maintained during leaf senescence in the transgenic plants. One reason for this is that the expression ofRBCSby theRCApromoter was weak in leaves at low positions. We discuss the possible reasons for this unexpected phenomenon.

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