Selenium biofortification in Hericium erinaceus (Lion's Mane mushroom) and its in vitro bioaccessibility
Hu, T.; Hui, G.; Li, H.; Guo, Y.
Food Chemistry 331: 127287
ISSN/ISBN: 1873-7072 PMID: 32563801 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127287
Hericium erinaceus is a traditional edible mushroom. Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for humans and other mammals. To develop a Se biofortification strategy for H. erinaceus, the effects of selenate, selenite, and selenomethionine (SeMet) on Se uptake and mushroom growth were investigated. Selenium bioaccessibility and the major Se species present in Se-enriched H. erinaceus were tested in vitro . The H. erinaceus growth was efficiently affected by SeMet than by selenite and selenate. Selenium concentrations in fruiting bodies increased with substrate Se concentration and disturbed accumulation of other microelements. Substrate Se was absorbed and transformed into organic forms. The major Se species in Se-enriched fruiting bodies was SeMet (63.9%). During in vitro gastrointestinal digestion tests, 51% of total Se was released, and selenocystine (SeCys(2) ) (90%) and Se-methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys) (76%) were more easily digested than SeMet (51%). H. erinaceus is suggested as a novel dietary source of supplemental bioavailable Se.