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Chitin of Araneae origin: structural features and biomimetic applications: a review

Chitin of Araneae origin: structural features and biomimetic applications: a review

Applied Physics A-Materials Science and Processing 126(9): 678

ISSN/ISBN: 0947-8396

DOI: 10.1007/s00339-020-03867-x

Large scale isolation of chitin traditionally has been carried out from fungal biomass as well as from seafood processing wastes, e.g., from shrimp, crab and lobster exoskeletons. Despite the relative abundance and ready availability of these materials, isolation of chitin requires great deal of chemical reagents and is time consuming. Obtained in this way chitin is produced in the form of powders, whiskers, and flakes. In this review, we have focused on the moulting cuticles of spiders as an alternative source of naturally occurring chitin. The comparatively high chitin content in the moults allows for rapid preparation of structures that maintain their original shape and integrity, such as the chitinous tubes from leg exoskeletons. Based on our latest scientific analyses regarding spider chitin, we highlight here its advantages and its biomimetic applications in tissue engineering, catalysis and environmental science.

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Accession: 071041406

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