Ethylene biosynthesis and response factors are differentially modulated during the interaction of peach petals with Monilinia laxa or Monilinia fructicola
Vall-Llaura, Núria.; Giné-Bordonaba, J.; Usall, J.; Larrigaudière, C.; Teixidó, N.; Torres, R.
Plant Science An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology 299: 110599
Monilinia spp. may infect stone fruit at any growth stage, although susceptibility to brown rot depends on both host properties and climatological conditions. This said, no studies deciphering the host response in the interaction between peach blossoms and Monilinia spp. are yet available. This study presents an in-depth characterization of the role of ethylene in the interaction of 'Merrill O'Henry' peach petals (Prunus persica (L.) Batch) with Monilinia laxa and M. fructicola. We investigated the physiological responses of the host and the fungi to the application of ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) as well as the molecular patterns associated with the biosynthetic and ethylene-dependent responses during the interaction of both Monilinia species with the host. The incidence of both species was differentially affected by 1-MCP and ethylene; M. laxa was favoured by the enhanced host ethylene production associated with the treatments whereas M. fructicola reduced its infection capacity. Such differences were host-dependent as treatments did not affect growth or colony morphology of Monilinia spp. Besides, host ethylene production was altered in M. laxa inoculated petals, either by the fungus or the host itself. Molecular analysis revealed some important ERFs that could be involved in the different ability of both species to activate a cascade response of peach petals against these pathogens.