Concentrated Preterm Formula as a Liquid Human Milk Fortifier at Initiation Stage in Extremely Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants: Short Term and 2-year Follow-up Outcomes
Lin, Y-Chieh.; Chen, Y-Ju.; Huang, C-Ching.; Shieh, C-Chang.
ISSN/ISBN: 2072-6643 PMID: 32722642 DOI: 10.3390/nu12082229
Human milk (HM) must be accurately fortified for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) preterm infants with human milk fortifiers (HMFs). Powdered HMF has some limitations in terms of sterilization and accuracy. A concentrated preterm formula (CPF) may serve as a safe liquid HMF to facilitate growth. Hence, we launched a quality improvement project for fortification accuracy of minute volume HM. A CPF, Similac Special Care 30 (SSC30), was newly introduced as an HMF when daily feeding reached 100 cm(3)/kg. CPF + HM (1:2 volume ratio), CPF + HM (1:1 volume ratio), and powdered HMF + HM (1 packet in 25 cm(3)) represented three fortification stages. Fortification shifted to powdered HMF while tolerable feeding reached 25 cm(3)/meal. The outcome was compared before (Period-I, January 2015 to June 2016,n= 37) and after the new implement (Period-II, July 2016 to December 2017,n= 36). Compared with the Period-I group, the Period-II group had significantly higher daily enteral milk intake in the first 4 weeks of life, and higher percentages of fortification in the HM-fed infants in the first 8 weeks after birth. The Period-II group also significantly increased in body weight growth in terms of z-score at term equivalent age (p= 0.04) and had better language and motor performance at 24 months old (p= 0.048 andp= 0.032, respectively). Using the liquid CPF as a strategical alternative fortification of HM might be beneficial for extremely preterm infants in terms of growth as well as neurodevelopment.