Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on Production, Chemical Composition and Morphogenesis of Guinea Grass in the Humid Tropics

Oliveira, J.K. S. de; Correa, D.C. da C.; Cunha, A.M. Q.; Rego, A.C. do; Faturi, C.; Silva, W.L. da; Domingues, F.N.

Agronomy-Basel 10(11): 1840

2020


DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10111840
Accession: 071075890

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Abstract
The use of nitrogen fertilization in tropical grasslands is a strategy that may reduce the pressure of livestock production on biome areas with humid forests. The objective of this study was to assess the use of different doses of nitrogen in Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) con. Mombasa) cultivated in the humid tropics. Doses of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 kg of N ha(-1) application(-1) were applied during two consecutive years in experimental plots. The experimental area is located in the northeast of Para, Brazil, with a predominantly tropical climate according to the Koppen classification. The morphogenic, production, and qualitative characteristics of the forage were evaluated. The morphogenic variables, rate of leaf appearance and rate of leaf elongation, in addition to daily accumulation of forage and crude protein content, increased with increasing doses of nitrogen. The morphological structure of the pasture was not modified. The number of cuts increased, whereas the number of days of recovery decreased, in the rainy season with increasing doses of nitrogen. The use of nitrogen fertilization does not alter the structure of the pasture; however, it improves the morphogenic, production, and chemical characteristics of Guinea grass.