Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms related to heifer fertility in Hanwoo (Korean cattle)
Lee, S-Hwan.; Lee, D.; Lee, M.; Ryoo, S-Heui.; Seo, S.; Choi, I.
Animal Biotechnology 2020: 1-6
ISSN/ISBN: 1049-5398 PMID: 33287639 DOI: 10.1080/10495398.2020.1856124
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have accelerated the identification of functional trait loci in cattle and identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes associated with fertility and production traits in high milk yield dairy cattle. The fertility of Hanwoo (Korean native beef cattle) has declined after the adaptation of a selection program for high quantity and quality meat. However, there are few GWAS studies of fertility in beef cattle. We performed a genome-wide association study of 40 Korean native beef cattle heifers with imputed 770 K genotype and identified 12 significant SNPs within seven regions on three chromosomes (BTA 8, BTA 16 and BTA 24) associated with services per conception (SPC). Five SNPs were located in the ABCA1, BRINP3 and ESRRG genes, which are involved in early embryo development. In addition, 27 proximal genes were identified within 1 Mb of the candidate SNPs, which are involved in muscle cell differentiation and muscle structure development. However, we did not find any previously reported SNPs related to fertility in Holstein cows. Taken together, we identified SNPs associated with SPC and their proximal genes using gene-based analysis and the candidates were different from SNPs associated with subfertility of dairy cattle.