Cloning and characterization of TaVIP2 gene from Triticum aestivum and functional analysis in Nicotiana tabacum

Zhao, P.; Wang, K.; Lin, Z.; Zhang, W.; Du, L.; Zhang, Y.; Ye, X.

Scientific Reports 6: 37602


ISSN/ISBN: 2045-2322
PMID: 27857194
DOI: 10.1038/srep37602
Accession: 071457300

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Wheat is recalcitrant to genetic transformation. A potential solution is to manipulate the expression of some host proteins involved in T-DNA integration process. VirE2 interacting protein 2 (VIP2) plays an important role in T-DNA transport and integration. In this study, a TaVIP2 gene was cloned from common wheat. Southern blot and allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) combined with an online chromosomal location software tool revealed that three TaVIP2 genes were located on wheat chromosomes 1AL, 1BL, and 1DL. These three homoeoallelic TaVIP2 genes all contained 13 exons and 12 introns, and their coding sequences were the same; there were a few single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) among the three genes. The heterologous expression of the TaVIP2 gene in tobacco led to enhancement of the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation efficiency up to 2.5-fold. Transgenic tobacco plants expressing TaVIP2 showed enhanced resistance to powdery mildew. Further quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) revealed that overexpression of TaVIP2 in transgenic tobacco up-regulated the expression of an endogenous gene, NtPR-1, which likely contributed to powdery mildew resistance in transgenic tobacco. Our study indicates that the TaVIP2 gene may be highly useful in efforts to improve Agrobacterium-mediated transformation efficiency and to enhance powdery mildew resistance in wheat.