Defining a Focused Pediatric Emergency Medicine Curriculum for Emergency Medicine Residents: A Case Study at Michigan Medicine

Morrison Ponce, D.P.; Wolff, M.

Aem Education and Training 5(1): 70-74

2021


ISSN/ISBN: 2472-5390
PMID: 33521493
DOI: 10.1002/aet2.10455
Accession: 071552561

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Abstract
Emergency medicine (EM) is dedicated to the treatment of urgent and emergent illness requiring physicians to evaluate, treat, and diagnose patients of all ages. EM residency provides the foundation of knowledge enabling trainees to care for any patient. However, specific pediatric curriculum guidance from governing bodies is limited. The literature includes two potential curricula that are cumbersome to implement. Our primary objective was to identify the components of this curricula that were specific to pediatric emergency medicine (PEM). Secondary objectives were to provide a methods framework and to compare the results with the American Board of Emergency Medicine Model of Clinical Practice (EM Model). With the modified Delphi technique, iterative rounds of expert panels sought to reach consensus on PEM-specific topics. We utilized the published curricula as the foundation and focused this list using a group of local experts. Predetermined consensus was defined as 80% agreement. The literature-derived list of 190 topics was reviewed by the expert panel. Experts identified 92 PEM-specific topics, and the remaining 98 topics were deemed adequately covered by general EM curricula. All topics reached consensus after three rounds. The final list was sorted in accordance with the EM Model categories. Redundant topics were consolidated resulting in 68 PEM topics. Of these 68 topics, we identified 20 topics (five of which are critical) that were incompletely covered by the EM Model. Emergency medicine residency programs should focus their PEM curriculum by deliberately assessing their coverage of key PEM topics. The methods of this study can be replicated to yield locally applicable results in other EM programs. Additionally, the next iteration of the EM Model of Clinical Practice should inform their PEM topics from the available curricula in the literature.