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Investigations on the organic drift in North Swedish streams
Limitations of Using Microsoft Excel Version 2016 (MS Excel 2016) for Statistical Analysis for Medical Research
Phloem necrosis of coffee in Surinam
Anatomy of Mystus seenghala IV Nervous system
Integrated farming system for gardenland conditions of Coimbatore district - an over view
Tetrapleure (Tetrapleura tetraptera), an unknown African medicinal and spice plant
The origin and phylogenetic significance of the trochophoran larvae 2. evolutionary significance of the larvae of coelomate worms and mollusks
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
Enterobacter amnigenus. An unusual human pathogen
Influence of Seriboost foliar application on leaf yield and leaf protein content in mulberry (Morus spp.), in relation to silkworm cocoon production
The identity of the lipstick mold of cultivated mushrooms agaricus bisporus
Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
'Pan-sukh' disease of Rice in the Central Provinces
Geological age of the Ptilophyllum flora; a critical reassessment
Study of vitellogenesis in birds; physiological phases & role of folliculin in vitellogenesis
Evaluation of WCT coconut and Komadan coconut
Therapy for acne with saccharomyces boulardii
Evidence for Late Cretaceous N-S dextral shear in the west-central crystalline core, North Cascades, Washington
'Rajeshwari' - a high-yielding white seeded variety of sesame for Andhra Pradesh
Manufacture of Ricotta cheese from whey fortified with skim milk powder using different acidulants
Occurrence of Eutrichophilus mexicanus (Rudow, 1866) and Eutrichophilus lobatus (Ewing, 1936) (Phthiraptera: Trichodectidae) on Sphiggurus villosus (Cuvier, 1825) (Rodentia: Erethizontidae) in Rio de
Factors affecting fruitfulness in durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.). I. Flowering and pollination
Bronchial cuff pressure change caused by left-sided double-lumen endobronchial tube displacement
Some Biological Applications of Organometallic Compounds
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 71603

Chapter 71603 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.




Direct experimental observation of weakly-bound character of the attached electron in europium anion
, Scientific Reports 5: 12414 (2015)

Direct exposure of the head to solar heat radiation impairs motor-cognitive performance
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 7812 (2020)

Direct expression in Escherichia coli of a DNA sequence coding for human growth hormone
, Nature 281(5732): 544-548 (1979)

Direct extracellular interaction between the early secreted antigen ESAT-6 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and TLR2 inhibits TLR signaling in macrophages
, Nature Immunology 8(6): 610-618 (2007)

Direct extraction and detection of malachite green from marine sediments by magnetic nano-sized imprinted polymer coupled with spectrophotometric analysis
, Marine Pollution Bulletin 158: 111363 (2020)

Direct extubation onto high-flow nasal cannulae post-cardiac surgery versus standard treatment in patients with a BMI ≥30: a randomised controlled trial
, Intensive Care Medicine 41(5): 887-894 (2015)

Direct eyelid defect closure: a prospective study of functional and aesthetic outcomes
, Eye 33(9): 1393-1401 (2019)

Direct fabrication and characterization of gold nanohole arrays
, Optics Express 29(19): 29841-29856 (2021)

Direct fabrication of 3D graphene on nanoporous anodic alumina by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition
, Scientific Reports 6: 19822 (2016)

Direct fabrication of graphene on SiO2 enabled by thin film stress engineering
, Scientific Reports 4: 5049 (2014)

Direct fabrication of metavanadate phosphor films on organic substrates for white-light-emitting devices
, Nature Materials 7(9): 735-740 (2008)

Direct femtosecond laser ablation of large-area TaSe 2 , SnS 2 , and TiS 2 thick films by a back ablation procedure
, Applied Optics 59(25): 7606-7612 (2020)

Direct femtosecond laser inscription of an IR fluorotellurite fiber Bragg grating
, Optics Letters 46(19): 4832-4835 (2021)

Direct fiber vector eigenmode multiplexing transmission seeded by integrated optical vortex emitters
, Light Science and Applications 7: 17148 (2018)

Direct flow cytometry measurements reveal a fine-tuning of symbiotic cell dynamics according to the host developmental needs in aphid symbiosis
, Scientific Reports 6: 19967 (2016)

Direct fluorescence imaging of lignocellulosic and suberized cell walls in roots and stems
, Aob Plants 12(4): Plaa032 (2020)

Direct fluorine-18 labeling of heat-sensitive biomolecules for positron emission tomography imaging using the Al 18 F-RESCA method
, Nature Protocols 13(10): 2330-2347 (2018)

Direct fluorogenic detection of palladium and platinum organometallic complexes with proteins and nucleic acids in polyacrylamide gels
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 12344 (2020)

Direct formalin fixation induces widespread transcriptomic effects in archival tissue samples
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 14497 (2020)

Direct formation of peritectic phase but no primary phase appearance within Ni83.25Zr16.75 peritectic alloy during free fall
, Scientific Reports 6: 22641 (2016)

Direct formation of supermassive black holes via multi-scale gas inflows in galaxy mergers
, Nature 466(7310): 1082-1084 (2010)

Direct frequency comb optical frequency standard based on two-photon transitions of thermal atoms
, Scientific Reports 5: 15114 (2015)

Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet
, Nature 482(7383): 68-71 (2012)

Direct functionalization of C-H bonds by electrophilic anions
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 117(38): 23374-23379 (2020)

Direct functionalization of cyclic ethers with maleimide iodides via free radial-mediated sp 3 C-H activation
, Chemical Communications 57(39): 4787-4790 (2021)

Direct functionalization of methane into ethanol over copper modified polymeric carbon nitride via photocatalysis
, Nature Communications 10(1): 506 (2019)

Direct gas measurements indicate that the novel cyclooxygenase inhibitor AZD3582 is an effective nitric oxide donor in vivo
, British Journal of Pharmacology 145(5): 679-687 (2005)

Direct gas-in-place measurements prove much higher production potential than expected for shale formations
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 10775 (2021)

Direct gating and mechanical integrity of Drosophila auditory transducers require TRPN1
, Nature Neuroscience 15(9): 1198-1200 (2012)

Direct gene transfer of adenoviral-mediated interferon α into human bladder cancer cells but not the bystander factors produced induces endoplasmic reticulum stress-related cytotoxicity
, Cancer Gene Therapy 18(4): 260-264 (2011)

Direct gene transfer of human CFTR into human bronchial epithelia of xenografts with E1-deleted adenoviruses
, Nature Genetics 4(1): 27-34 (1993)

Direct generation of 1108 nm and 1173 nm Laguerre-Gaussian modes from a self-Raman Nd:GdVO 4 laser
, Optics Express 28(16): 24095-24103 (2020)

Direct generation of 2-ps blue pulses from gain-switched InGaN VCSEL assessed by up-conversion technique
, Scientific Reports 4: 6401 (2014)

Direct generation of 523 nm orbital Poincaré mode from a diode-pumped Pr 3+ :LiYF 4 laser with an off-axis optical needle pumping geometry
, Optics Express 29(19): 30409-30418 (2021)

Direct generation of ES-like cells from unmodified mouse embryonic fibroblasts by Oct4/Sox2/Myc/Klf4
, Cell Research 17(11): 959-962 (2007)

Direct generation of functional dopaminergic neurons from mouse and human fibroblasts
, Nature 476(7359): 224-227 (2011)

Direct generation of human naive induced pluripotent stem cells from somatic cells in microfluidics
, Nature Cell Biology 21(2): 275-286 (2019)

Direct generation of photon triplets using cascaded photon-pair sources
, Nature 466(7306): 601-603 (2010)

Direct generation of relativistic isolated attosecond pulses in transmission from laser-driven plasmas
, Optics Letters 46(6): 1285-1288 (2021)

Direct genome editing of patient-derived xenografts using CRISPR-Cas9 enables rapid in vivo functional genomics
, Nature Cancer 1(3): 359-369 (2020)

Direct genome-wide identification of G-quadruplex structures by whole-genome resequencing
, Nature Communications 12(1): 6014 (2021)

Direct growth of GaN layer on carbon nanotube-graphene hybrid structure and its application for light emitting diodes
, Scientific Reports 5: 7747 (2015)

Direct growth of ZnO nanowires on civil engineering materials: smart materials for supported photodegradation
, Microsystems and Nanoengineering 5: 57 (2019)

Direct growth of aligned carbon nanotubes on bulk metals
, Nature Nanotechnology 1(2): 112-116 (2006)

Direct growth of aligned graphitic nanoribbons from a DNA template by chemical vapour deposition
, Nature Communications 4: 2402 (2013)

Direct growth of crystalline triazine-based graphdiyne using surface-assisted deprotection-polymerisation
, Chemical Science 12(38): 12661-12666 (2021)

Direct growth of flower like-structured CuFe oxide on graphene supported nickel foam as an effective sensor for glucose determination
, Materials Science and Engineering. C Materials for Biological Applications 118: 111510 (2021)

Direct growth of freestanding GaN on C-face SiC by HVPE
, Scientific Reports 5: 10748 (2015)

Direct growth of germanium nanowires on glass
, Nanotechnology 31(39): 394001 (2020)

Direct growth of graphene film on germanium substrate
, Scientific Reports 3: 2465 (2013)

Direct growth of graphene on Ge(100) and Ge(110) via thermal and plasma enhanced CVD
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 12938 (2020)

Direct growth of large-area graphene and boron nitride heterostructures by a co-segregation method
, Nature Communications 6: 6519 (2015)

Direct growth of self-crystallized graphene and graphite nanoballs with Ni vapor-assisted growth: from controllable growth to material characterization
, Scientific Reports 4: 4739 (2014)

Direct growth of single-crystalline III-V semiconductors on amorphous substrates
, Nature Communications 7: 10502 (2016)

Direct growth of uniform carbon nitride layers with extended optical absorption towards efficient water-splitting photoanodes
, Nature Communications 11(1): 4701 (2020)

Direct growth of vertically-oriented graphene for field-effect transistor biosensor
, Scientific Reports 3: 1696 (2013)

Direct haplotyping of kilobase-size DNA using carbon nanotube probes
, Nature Biotechnology 18(7): 760-763 (2000)

Direct health care costs associated to neurological diseases and different degrees of malnutrition
, Clinical Nutrition Espen 44: 297-305 (2021)

Direct health system costs for systemic lupus erythematosus patients in Alberta, Canada
, Plos one 16(5): E0251409 (2021)

Direct health-care costs for children diagnosed with genetic diseases are significantly higher than for children with other chronic diseases
, Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics 21(5): 1049-1057 (2019)

Direct healthcare costs associated with management of asthma: comparison of two treatment regimens in Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam
, Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma 2021: 1-14 (2021)

Direct healthcare costs of lip, oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer in Brazil
, Plos one 16(2): E0246475 (2021)

Direct healthcare resource utilisation, health-related quality of life, and work productivity in patients with moderate rheumatoid arthritis: an observational study
, Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders 22(1): 277 (2021)

Direct hemoperfusion with polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column in a patient with acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
, Acute and Critical Care 35(4): 302-306 (2020)

Direct hepatic vein puncture and transseptal access for atrial flutter and fibrillation ablation in a patient with prior ligation of the inferior vena cava
, Heartrhythm Case Reports 6(7): 382-385 (2020)

Direct high-precision measurement of the magnetic moment of the proton
, Nature 509(7502): 596-599 (2014)

Direct homeodomain-DNA interaction in the autoregulation of the fushi tarazu gene
, Nature 356(6372): 804-807 (1992)

Direct homophilic interaction of LAMP2A with the two-domain architecture revealed by site-directed photo-crosslinks and steric hindrances in mammalian cells
, Autophagy 2021: 1-19 (2021)

Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity
, Nature 515(7527): 398-401 (2014)

Direct hydrodeoxygenation of raw woody biomass into liquid alkanes
, Nature Communications 7: 11162 (2016)

Direct hyperpolarizing action of baclofen on hippocampal pyramidal cells
, Nature 308(5958): 450-452 (1984)

Direct hyperspectral dual-comb gas imaging in the mid-infrared
, Optics Letters 45(19): 5335-5338 (2020)

Direct hypertonic and indirect hypotonic effects of acetylcholine on the voluntary muscles
, Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 96(20-21): 161-163 (1946)

Direct identification and quantitation of fluorescent whitening agent in wheat flour based on multi-molecular infrared (MM-IR) spectroscopy and stereomicroscopy
, Spectrochimica Acta. Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 250: 119353 (2020)

Direct identification and visualisation of real-world contaminating microplastics using Raman spectral mapping with multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares
, Journal of Hazardous Materials 422: 126892 (2021)

Direct identification of Mott Hubbard band pattern beyond charge density wave superlattice in monolayer 1T-NbSe 2
, Nature Communications 12(1): 1978 (2021)

Direct identification of antibiotic resistance genes on single plasmid molecules using CRISPR/Cas9 in combination with optical DNA mapping
, Scientific Reports 6: 37938 (2016)

Direct identification of bacteria in blood cultures by MALDI-TOF MS
, Klinicka Mikrobiologie a Infekcni Lekarstvi 26(2): 45-50 (2020)

Direct identification of bacterial and human proteins from infected wounds in living 3D skin models
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 11900 (2020)

Direct identification of clinically relevant neoepitopes presented on native human melanoma tissue by mass spectrometry
, Nature Communications 7: 13404 (2016)

Direct identification of ligand-receptor interactions on living cells and tissues
, Nature Biotechnology 30(10): 997-1001 (2012)

Direct identification of on-bead peptides using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic barcoding system for high-throughput bioanalysis
, Scientific Reports 5: 10144 (2015)

Direct imaging and electronic structure modulation of moiré superlattices at the 2D/3D interface
, Nature Communications 12(1): 1290 (2021)

Direct imaging and mesoscale modelling of phase transitions in a nanostructured fluid
, Nature Materials 3(12): 886-891 (2004)

Direct imaging evidences of metal inorganic contaminants traced into cigarettes
, Journal of Hazardous Materials 411: 125092 (2021)

Direct imaging of Indium-rich triangular nanoprisms self-organized formed at the edges of InGaN/GaN core-shell nanorods
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 16026 (2018)

Direct imaging of Joule heating dynamics and temperature profiling inside a carbon nanotube interconnect
, Nature Communications 2: 421 (2011)

Direct imaging of RecA nucleation and growth on single molecules of SSB-coated ssDNA
, Nature 491(7423): 274-278 (2012)

Direct imaging of a photonic jet at shaped fiber tips
, Optics Letters 46(20): 5125-5128 (2021)

Direct imaging of antigen-antibody binding by atomic force microscopy
, Applied Nanoscience 2020: 1-8 (2020)

Direct imaging of capillaries reveals the mechanism of arteriovenous interlacing in the chick chorioallantoic membrane
, Communications Biology 1: 235 (2018)

Direct imaging of capillaries reveals the mechanism of arteriovenous interlacing in the chick chorioallantoic membrane
, Communications Biology 1(1): 235 (2018)

Direct imaging of delayed magneto-dynamic modes induced by surface acoustic waves
, Nature Communications 8(1): 407 (2017)

Direct imaging of electric field behavior in 2,7-diphenyl[1]benzothieno[3,2- b ][1]benzothiophene organic field-effect transistors by sum-frequency generation imaging microscopy
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 2021 (2021)

Direct imaging of hydrogen-atom columns in a crystal by annular bright-field electron microscopy
, Nature Materials 10(4): 278-281 (2011)

Direct imaging of interlayer-coupled symmetric and antisymmetric plasmon modes in graphene/hBN/graphene heterostructures
, Nanoscale 13(35): 14628-14635 (2021)

Direct imaging of light-element impurities in graphene reveals triple-coordinated oxygen
, Nature Communications 10(1): 4570 (2019)

Direct imaging of liquid domains in membranes by cryo-electron tomography
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 117(33): 19713-19719 (2020)

Direct imaging of molecular symmetry by coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering
, Nature Communications 7: 11562 (2016)

Direct imaging of rapid tethering of synaptic vesicles accompanying exocytosis at a fast central synapse
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 117(25): 14493-14502 (2020)

Direct imaging of reptation for semiflexible actin filaments
, Nature 368(6468): 226-229 (1994)

Direct imaging of single UvrD helicase dynamics on long single-stranded DNA
, Nature Communications 4: 1878 (2013)

Direct imaging of single metal atoms and clusters in the pores of dealuminated HY zeolite
, Nature Nanotechnology 5(7): 506-510 (2010)

Direct imaging of single-molecule electrochemical reactions in solution
, Nature 596(7871): 244-249 (2021)

Direct imaging of single-walled carbon nanotubes in cells
, Nature Nanotechnology 2(11): 713-717 (2007)

Direct imaging of structural changes induced by ionic liquid gating leading to engineered three-dimensional meso-structures
, Nature Communications 9(1): 3055 (2018)

Direct imaging of structural disordering and heterogeneous dynamics of fullerene molecular liquid
, Nature Communications 10(1): 4395 (2019)

Direct imaging of the atomic structure inside a nanowire by scanning tunnelling microscopy
, Nature Materials 3(8): 519-523 (2004)

Direct imaging of the circular chromosome in a live bacterium
, Nature Communications 10(1): 2194 (2019)

Direct imaging of the electron liquid at oxide interfaces
, Nature Nanotechnology 13(3): 198-203 (2018)

Direct imaging of the pores and cages of three-dimensional mesoporous materials
, Nature 408(6811): 449-453 (2000)

Direct imaging of the recruitment and phosphorylation of S6K1 in the mTORC1 pathway in living cells
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 3408 (2019)

Direct imaging of the spatial and energy distribution of nucleation centres in ferroelectric materials
, Nature Materials 7(3): 209-215 (2008)

Direct imaging of topological edge states at a bilayer graphene domain wall
, Nature Communications 7: 11760 (2016)

Direct imaging of uncoated biological samples enables correlation of super-resolution and electron microscopy data
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 11610 (2018)

Direct immersion thin film solid phase microextraction of polychlorinated n-alkanes in cod liver oil
, Food Chemistry 353: 129244 (2021)

Direct immunofluorescence analysis of oral Tzanck smears for pemphigus vulgaris: A diagnostic test
, Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine: Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology 2021 (2021)

Direct impact of cisplatin on mitochondria induces ROS production that dictates cell fate of ovarian cancer cells
, Cell Death and Disease 10(11): 851 (2019)

Direct impact of commonly used dietary emulsifiers on human gut microbiota
, Microbiome 9(1): 66 (2021)

Direct impact of gonadotropins on glucose uptake and storage in preovulatory granulosa cells: Implications in the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome
, Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 2020: 154458 (2020)

Direct improvement of quality of life using a tailored quality of life diagnosis and therapy pathway: randomised trial in 200 women with breast cancer
, British Journal of Cancer 106(5): 826-838 (2012)

Direct in Vivo Functionalizing Silkworm Fibroin via Molecular Recognition
, Acs Biomaterials Science and Engineering 1(7): 494-503 (2015)

Direct in situ determination of the polarization dependence of physisorption on ferroelectric surfaces
, Nature Materials 7(6): 473-477 (2008)

Direct in situ labeling of target drugs with a fluorophore probe to improve MALDI-MS detection sensitivity in micro-liter plasma
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 10787 (2019)

Direct in situ observation of metallic glass deformation by real-time nano-scale indentation
, Scientific Reports 5: 9122 (2015)

Direct in situ observation of the electron-driven synthesis of Ag filaments on α-Ag2WO4 crystals
, Scientific Reports 3: 1676 (2013)

Direct in vivo assessment of parathyroid hormone-calcium relationship curve in renal patients
, Kidney International 46(6): 1713-1720 (1994)

Direct in vivo electrochemical detection of haemoglobin in red blood cells
, Scientific Reports 4: 6209 (2014)

Direct in vivo evidence for increased proliferation of CLL cells in lymph nodes compared to bone marrow and peripheral blood
, Leukemia 31(6): 1340-1347 (2017)

Direct in vivo gene transfer to ependymal cells in the central nervous system using recombinant adenovirus vectors
, Nature Genetics 3(3): 229-234 (1993)

Direct in vivo observation of the effect of codon usage bias on gene expression in Arabidopsis hybrids
, Journal of Plant Physiology 265: 153490 (2021)

Direct in vivo transfection of antisense Fas-ligand reduces tumor growth and invasion
, Gene Therapy 8(3): 209-214 (2001)

Direct in vivo xenograft tumor model for predicting chemotherapeutic drug response in cancer patients
, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 85(2): 217-221 (2009)

Direct incorporation of mesenchymal stem cells into a Nanofiber scaffold - in vitro and in vivo analysis
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 9557 (2020)

Direct incorporation of the NKT-cell activator α-galactosylceramide into a recombinant Listeria monocytogenes improves breast cancer vaccine efficacy
, British Journal of Cancer 111(10): 1945-1954 (2014)

Direct induction of microtubule branching by microtubule nucleation factor SSNA1
, Nature Cell Biology 20(10): 1172-1180 (2018)

Direct induction of ramified microglia-like cells from human monocytes: dynamic microglial dysfunction in Nasu-Hakola disease
, Scientific Reports 4: 4957 (2014)

Direct infusion and UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis of phospholipid regioisomers
, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: Rcm 2021: E9151 (2021)

Direct infusion mass spectrometry metabolomics dataset: a benchmark for data processing and quality control
, Scientific Data 1: 140012 (2014)

Direct infusion nano-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry for therapeutic drug monitoring of ciprofloxacin and its metabolites in human saliva
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 195: 113866 (2020)

Direct infusion-tandem mass spectrometry combining with data mining strategies enables rapid chemome characterization of medicinal plants: A case study of Polygala tenuifolia
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 204: 114281 (2021)

Direct ingestion, trophic transfer, and physiological effects of microplastics in the early life stages of Centropristis striata, a commercially and recreationally valuable fishery species
, Environmental Pollution 285: 117653 (2021)

Direct inhibition by cannabinoids of human 5-HT3A receptors: probable involvement of an allosteric modulatory site
, British Journal of Pharmacology 137(5): 589-596 (2002)

Direct inhibition of Bruton's tyrosine kinase by IBtk, a Btk-binding protein
, Nature Immunology 2(10): 939-946 (2001)

Direct inhibition of Keap1-Nrf2 Protein-Protein interaction as a potential therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease
, Bioorganic Chemistry 103: 104172 (2020)

Direct inhibition of testicular androgen biosynthesis revealing antigonadal activity of neurohypophysial hormones
, Nature 293(5834): 650-652 (1981)

Direct inhibition of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor channel by dopamine and (+)-SKF38393
, British Journal of Pharmacology 126(8): 1847-1855 (1999)

Direct inhibition of the NOTCH transcription factor complex
, Nature 462(7270): 182-188 (2009)

Direct inhibition of the cold-activated TRPM8 ion channel by Gαq
, Nature Cell Biology 14(8): 851-858 (2012)

Direct inhibition of the pacemaker (If) current in rabbit sinoatrial node cells by genistein
, British Journal of Pharmacology 147(1): 36-44 (2006)

Direct inhibitory effect of calcitriol on parathyroid function (sigmoidal curve) in dialysis
, Kidney International 36(6): 1093-1098 (1989)

Direct inhibitory effect of digitalis on progesterone release from rat granulosa cells
, British Journal of Pharmacology 132(8): 1761-1768 (2001)

Direct inhibitory effect on viral entry of influenza A and SARS-CoV-2 viruses by azithromycin
, Cell proliferation 2020: e12953 (2020)

Direct injection analysis of per and polyfluoroalkyl substances in surface and drinking water by sample filtration and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
, Journal of Chromatography A 1653: 462426 (2021)

Direct injection of calcitriol or its analog into hyperplastic parathyroid glands induces apoptosis of parathyroid cells
, Kidney International. Supplement 2006(102): S12-S15 (2006)

Direct injection of kit ligand-2 lentivirus improves cardiac repair and rescues mice post-myocardial infarction
, Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy 17(2): 262-268 (2009)

Direct ink writing of aloe vera/cellulose nanofibrils bio-hydrogels
, Carbohydrate Polymers 266: 118114 (2021)

Direct inlay restorations: utilization of sonic preparation technology in conjunction with ceramic inserts
, Practical Procedures and Aesthetic Dentistry: Ppad 19(9): 555-60; Quiz 561 565 (2007)

Direct insight into the structure-property relation of interfaces from constrained crystal structure prediction
, Nature Communications 12(1): 811 (2021)

Direct insights into the role of epoxy groups on cobalt sites for acidic H 2 O 2 production
, Nature Communications 11(1): 4181 (2020)

Direct installation of boron groups offers boost to medicinal chemistry
, Nature 595(7869): 652-653 (2021)

Direct instrumental identification of catalytically active surface sites
, Nature 549(7670): 74-77 (2017)

Direct integration of Hox and segmentation gene inputs during Drosophila development
, Nature 431(7009): 653-659 (2004)

Direct integrin alphavbeta6-ERK binding: implications for tumour growth
, Oncogene 21(9): 1370-1380 (2002)

Direct interaction between ABCA1 and HIV-1 Nef: Molecular modeling and virtual screening for inhibitors
, Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal 19: 3876-3884 (2021)

Direct interaction between BRCA1 and the estrogen receptor regulates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) transcription and secretion in breast cancer cells
, Oncogene 21(50): 7730-7739 (2002)

Direct interaction between NHERF1 and Frizzled regulates β-catenin signaling
, Oncogene 30(1): 32-42 (2011)

Direct interaction between centralspindlin and PRC1 reinforces mechanical resilience of the central spindle
, Nature Communications 6: 7290 (2015)

Direct interaction between fos and jun nuclear oncoproteins: role of the 'leucine zipper' domain
, Nature 336(6200): 692-695 (1988)

Direct interaction between hnRNP-M and CDC5L/PLRG1 proteins affects alternative splice site choice
, Embo Reports 11(6): 445-451 (2010)

Direct interaction between the COG complex and the SM protein, Sly1, is required for Golgi SNARE pairing
, Embo Journal 28(14): 2006-2017 (2009)

Direct interaction between the Gulf Stream and the shelfbreak south of New England
, Scientific Reports 2: 553 (2012)

Direct interaction between the hepatitis B virus core and envelope proteins analyzed in a cellular context
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 16178 (2019)

Direct interaction network inference for compositional data via codaloss
, Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology 2020: 2050037 (2020)

Direct interaction of DNA repair protein tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase 1 and the DNA ligase III catalytic domain is regulated by phosphorylation of its flexible N-terminus
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 202(1): 100921 (2021)

Direct interaction of HIV gp120 with neuronal CXCR4 and CCR5 receptors induces cofilin-actin rod pathology via a cellular prion protein- and NOX-dependent mechanism
, Plos one 16(3): E0248309 (2021)

Direct interaction of Na-azide with the KATP channel
, British Journal of Pharmacology 131(6): 1105-1112 (2000)

Direct interaction of PU.1 with oncogenic transcription factors reduces its serine phosphorylation and promoter binding
, Leukemia 26(6): 1338-1347 (2012)

Direct interaction of Plk4 with STIL ensures formation of a single procentriole per parental centriole
, Nature Communications 5: 5267 (2014)

Direct interaction of Ras and the amino-terminal region of Raf-1 in vitro
, Nature 364(6435): 352-355 (1993)

Direct interaction of beta-amyloid with Na,K-ATPase as a putative regulator of the enzyme function
, Scientific Reports 6: 27738 (2016)

Direct interaction of geminin and Six3 in eye development
, Nature 427(6976): 745-749 (2004)

Direct interaction of human TFIID with the HIV-1 transactivator tat
, Nature 367(6460): 295-299 (1994)

Direct interaction of human serum proteins with AAV virions to enhance AAV transduction: immediate impact on clinical applications
, Gene Therapy 24(1): 49-59 (2017)

Direct interaction of microtubule- and actin-based transport motors
, Nature 397(6716): 267-270 (1999)

Direct interaction of p53 with the Y-box binding protein, YB-1: a mechanism for regulation of human gene expression
, Oncogene 19(54): 6194-6202 (2000)

Direct interaction of the ATP-sensitive K + channel by the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, sunitinib and nilotinib
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 557: 14-19 (2021)

Direct interaction of two polarity complexes implicated in epithelial tight junction assembly
, Nature Cell Biology 5(2): 137-142 (2003)

Direct interaction of whole-inactivated influenza A and pneumococcal vaccines enhances influenza-specific immunity
, Nature Microbiology 4(8): 1316-1327 (2019)

Direct interaction of β-catenin with nuclear ESM1 supports stemness of metastatic prostate cancer
, EMBO journal 40(4): e105450 (2020)

Direct interaction with ACR11 is necessary for post-transcriptional control of GLU1-encoded ferredoxin-dependent glutamate synthase in leaves
, Scientific Reports 6: 29668 (2016)

Direct interactions between NEDD8 and ubiquitin E2 conjugating enzymes upregulate cullin-based E3 ligase activity
, Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 14(2): 167-168 (2007)

Direct interactions between autoantigen La and human immunodeficiency virus leader RNA
, Journal of Virology 69(1): 618-619 (1995)

Direct interactions between cationic liposomes and bacterial cells ameliorate the systemic treatment of invasive multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections
, Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology Biology and Medicine 2021: 102382 (2021)

Direct interactions with influenza promote bacterial adherence during respiratory infections
, Nature Microbiology 4(8): 1328-1336 (2019)

Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) can be suppressed under ammonia-stressed condition - Reevaluate the role of conductive materials
, Water Research 183: 116094 (2020)

Direct interspecies electron transfer mechanism in enhanced methanogenesis: A mini-review
, Bioresource Technology 330: 124980 (2021)

Direct intra-cardiomuscular transfer of beta2-adrenergic receptor gene augments cardiac output in cardiomyopathic hamsters
, Gene Therapy 7(24): 2087-2093 (2000)

Direct intracardiac angiocardiography and its diagnostic value
, Cuore e Circolazione 31(3-4): 40-46 (1947)

Direct intramuscular injection with recombinant AAV vectors results in sustained expression in a dog model of hemophilia
, Gene Therapy 5(1): 40-49 (1998)

Direct intravenous injection of terramycin
, Lyon Medical 93: 507-522 (1961)

Direct involvement of Hsp70 ATP hydrolysis in Ubr1-dependent quality control
, Molecular Biology of the Cell 31(24): 2669-2686 (2020)

Direct isolation and RNA-seq reveal environment-dependent properties of engrafted neural stem/progenitor cells
, Nature Communications 3: 1140 (2012)

Direct isolation and characterization of "flat" SV40-transformed cells
, Nature: new Biology 233(43): 263-265 (1971)

Direct isolation and sequencing of specific protein-binding glycosaminoglycans
, Nature Medicine 7(1): 123-128 (2001)

Direct isotopic evidence of biogenic methane production and efflux from beneath a temperate glacier
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 17118 (2018)

Direct kidney injury or lower extremity ischemia induced indirect kidney injury: Which one is more harmful for kidneys?
, Vascular 2020: 1708538120959965 (2020)

Direct kinetic fingerprinting and digital counting of single protein molecules
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 117(37): 22815-22822 (2020)

Direct knock-on of desolvated ions governs strict ion selectivity in K + channels
, Nature Chemistry 10(8): 813-820 (2018)

Direct label-free imaging of nanodomains in biomimetic and biological membranes by cryogenic electron microscopy
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 117(33): 19943-19952 (2020)

Direct label-free measurement of the distribution of small molecular weight compound inside thick biological tissue using coherent Raman microspectroscopy
, Scientific Reports 5: 13868 (2015)

Direct labeling and visualization of blood vessels with lipophilic carbocyanine dye DiI
, Nature Protocols 3(11): 1703-1708 (2008)

Direct labeling of a somatostatin receptor antagonist via peptide cyclization with Re, 99m Tc and 186 Re metal centers: Radiochemistry and in vitro evaluation
, Nuclear Medicine and Biology 94-95: 46-52 (2021)

Direct labelling of the human P2X7 receptor and identification of positive and negative cooperativity of binding
, British Journal of Pharmacology 151(1): 103-114 (2007)

Direct laryngoscopy assisted fiberoptic intubation: A novel technique for the pediatric airway
, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 137: 110232 (2020)

Direct laryngoscopy under general anesthesia
, La Semaine des Hopitaux: Organe Fonde Par l'Association d'Enseignement Medical des Hopitaux de Paris 31(11): 622-625 (1955)

Direct laser cooling of a symmetric top molecule
, Science 369(6509): 1366-1369 (2020)

Direct laser cooling schemes for the triatomic SOH and SeOH molecules based on ab initio electronic properties
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 2021 (2021)

Direct laser cooling the NH molecule with the pseudo-closed loop triplet-triplet transition including intervening electronic states
, Spectrochimica Acta. Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 2020: 119229 (2020)

Direct laser writing for cardiac tissue engineering: a microfluidic heart on a chip with integrated transducers
, Lab on a Chip 21(9): 1724-1737 (2021)

Direct laser writing of a new type of waveguides in silver containing glasses
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 11124 (2017)

Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films
, Nature Nanotechnology 6(8): 496-500 (2011)

Direct laser writing of nanodiamond films from graphite under ambient conditions
, Scientific Reports 4: 6612 (2014)

Direct laser writing of vapour-responsive photonic arrays
, Journal of Materials Chemistry. C 9(35): 11674-11678 (2021)

Direct laser-writing of ferroelectric single-crystal waveguide architectures in glass for 3D integrated optics
, Scientific Reports 5: 10391 (2015)

Direct lattice resolution of layer planes in polyacrylonitrile based carbon fibres
, Nature 226(5247): 750-751 (1970)

Direct left ventricular wire pacing during transcatheter aortic valve implantation
, Kardiologia Polska 78(9): 882-888 (2020)

Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility
, Nature 413(6855): 534-538 (2001)

Direct limits on the interaction of antiprotons with axion-like dark matter
, Nature 575(7782): 310-314 (2019)

Direct line lack of assurance
, British Dental Journal 212(2): 53 (2012)

Direct lineage conversions: unnatural but useful?
, Nature Biotechnology 29(10): 892-907 (2011)

Direct lineage tracing reveals Activin-a potential for improved pancreatic homing of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and efficient ß-cell regeneration in vivo
, Stem Cell Research and Therapy 11(1): 327 (2020)

Direct linearization approach to discrete integrable systems associated with ℤ 𝒩 graded Lax pairs
, PROCEEDINGS. Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 476(2237): 20200036 (2020)

Direct linkage of epidermal growth factor to its receptor
, Nature 278(5706): 745-748 (1979)

Direct links between the vernalization response and other key traits of cereal crops
, Nature Communications 6: 5882 (2015)

Direct live monitoring of heterotypic axon-axon interactions in vitro
, Nature Protocols 7(2): 351-363 (2012)

Direct local roentgentherapy of neoplastic and inflammatory lesions of the cervix
, Le Sud Medical et Chirurgical 81(2322): 1358-1368 (1949)

Direct localization of detergents and bacteriorhodopsin in the lipidic cubic phase by small-angle neutron scattering
, Iucrj 8(Pt 1): 22-32 (2021)

Direct loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid on-site detection of Bifidobacterium longum subspecies longum, infantis, and suis in probiotic products
, Food Chemistry 346: 128887 (2020)

Direct magnetic separation of red cells from whole blood
, Nature 255(5511): 706 (1975)

Direct manufacturing of ultrathin graphite on three-dimensional nanoscale features
, Scientific Reports 6: 22700 (2016)

Direct mapping from diffuse reflectance to chromophore concentrations in multi- f x spatial frequency domain imaging (SFDI) with a deep residual network (DRN)
, Biomedical Optics Express 12(1): 433-443 (2021)

Direct mapping of Li-enabled octahedral tilt ordering and associated strain in nanostructured perovskites
, Nature Materials 14(11): 1142-1149 (2015)

Direct mapping of electrical noise sources in molecular wire-based devices
, Scientific Reports 7: 43411 (2017)

Direct mapping of the angle-dependent barrier to reaction for Cl + CHD 3 using polarized scattering data
, Nature Chemistry 9(12): 1175-1180 (2017)

Direct mapping of the solid-liquid adhesion energy with subnanometre resolution
, Nature Nanotechnology 5(6): 401-405 (2010)

Direct mass measurements above uranium bridge the gap to the island of stability
, Nature 463(7282): 785-788 (2010)

Direct maternal deaths attributable to HIV in the era of antiretroviral therapy: evidence from three population-based HIV cohorts with verbal autopsy
, Aids 34(9): 1397-1405 (2020)

Direct maternal morbidity and the risk of pregnancy-related deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa: A population-based prospective cohort study in 8 countries
, Plos Medicine 18(6): E1003644 (2021)

Direct matrix isolation IR spectroscopic evidence of halogen bonding from a comparative study of complexes of CBr 4 and CCl 4 with acetone and formic acid
, Spectrochimica Acta. Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 250: 119355 (2020)

Direct maxacalcitol injection into hyperplastic parathyroids improves skeletal changes in secondary hyperparathyroidism
, Kidney International 70(3): 486-495 (2006)

Direct maxillary irrigation therapy in non-operated chronic sinusitis: a prospective randomised controlled trial
, Journal of Laryngology and Otology 2021: 1-20 (2021)

Direct measurement and analytical description of the mode alignment in inversely tapered silicon nano-resonators
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 9024 (2019)

Direct measurement and modulation of single-molecule coordinative bonding forces in a transition metal complex
, Nature Communications 4: 2121 (2013)

Direct measurement of B-cell receptor repertoire's composition and variation in systemic lupus erythematosus
, Genes and Immunity 18(1): 22-27 (2017)

Direct measurement of Coulomb-laser coupling
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 495 (2021)

Direct measurement of Cu and Pb isotopic ratios without column chemistry for bronze materials using MC-ICP-MS
, Analytical Methods: Advancing Methods and Applications 12(20): 2599-2607 (2020)

Direct measurement of DNA affinity landscapes on a high-throughput sequencing instrument
, Nature Biotechnology 29(7): 659-664 (2011)

Direct measurement of T-cell receptor repertoire diversity with AmpliCot
, Nature Methods 3(11): 895-901 (2006)

Direct measurement of a 27-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum state vector
, Nature Communications 5: 3115 (2014)

Direct measurement of antiferromagnetic domain fluctuations
, Nature 447(7140): 68-71 (2007)

Direct measurement of cochlear parameters for automatic calculation of the cochlear duct length
, Annals of Saudi Medicine 40(3): 212-218 (2020)

Direct measurement of critical Casimir forces
, Nature 451(7175): 172-175 (2008)

Direct measurement of curvature-dependent surface tension of an alcohol nanomeniscus
, Nanoscale 13(14): 6991-6996 (2021)

Direct measurement of discrete valley and orbital quantum numbers in bilayer graphene
, Nature Communications 8(1): 948 (2017)

Direct measurement of dopant distribution in an individual vapour-liquid-solid nanowire
, Nature Nanotechnology 4(5): 315-319 (2009)

Direct measurement of dysprosium(III)···dysprosium(III) interactions in a single-molecule magnet
, Nature Communications 5: 5243 (2014)

Direct measurement of electric current generation by cytochrome oxidase, H+-ATPase and bacteriorhodopsin
, Nature 249(455): 321-324 (1974)

Direct measurement of electrical conductance through a self-assembled molecular layer
, Nature Nanotechnology 4(6): 373-376 (2009)

Direct measurement of electrical transport through DNA molecules
, Nature 403(6770): 635-638 (2000)

Direct measurement of exocytosis and calcium currents in single vertebrate nerve terminals
, Nature 344(6265): 449-451 (1990)

Direct measurement of ferroelectric polarization in a tunable semimetal
, Nature Communications 12(1): 5298 (2021)

Direct measurement of forces between cell-coating polymers and chiral crystal surfaces: the enantioselectivity of
, Soft Matter 4(7): 1521-1530 (2008)

Direct measurement of gastroesophageal reflux episodes in patients with squamous cell carcinoma by 24-h pH-impedance monitoring
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 106(11): 1923-1929 (2011)

Direct measurement of hole transport dynamics in DNA
, Nature 406(6791): 51-53 (2000)

Direct measurement of individual phonon lifetimes in the clathrate compound Ba 7.81 Ge 40.67 Au 5.33
, Nature Communications 8(1): 491 (2017)

Direct Measurement of Initial Rate of Enzyme Reaction by Electrokinetic Filtration Using a Hydrogel-plugged Capillary Device
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 2021 (2021)

Direct measurement of intracellular pH during metabolic derepression of the sea urchin egg
, Nature 272(5650): 253-254 (1978)

Direct measurement of large-scale quantum states via expectation values of non-Hermitian matrices
, Nature Communications 7: 10439 (2016)

Direct measurement of lipid membrane disruption connects kinetics and toxicity of Aβ42 aggregation
, Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 27(10): 886-891 (2020)

Direct measurement of local oxygen concentration in the bone marrow of live animals
, Nature 508(7495): 269-273 (2014)

Direct measurement of membrane motion and fluidity by electron microscopy
, Nature 262(5566): 303-305 (1976)

Direct measurement of nanostructural change during in situ deformation of a bulk metallic glass
, Nature Communications 10(1): 2445 (2019)

Direct measurement of neuronal ensemble activity using photoacoustic imaging in the stimulated Fos-LacZ transgenic rat brain: A proof-of-principle study
, Photoacoustics 24: 100297 (2021)

Direct measurement of nitric oxide (NO) production rates from enzymes using ozone-based gas-phase chemiluminescence (CL)
, Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry 2021 (2021)

Direct measurement of nonlocal entanglement of two-qubit spin quantum states
, Scientific Reports 6: 19482 (2016)

Direct measurement of optical trapping force gradient on polystyrene microspheres using a carbon nanotube mechanical resonator
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 2825 (2017)

Direct measurement of protein dynamics inside cells using a rationally designed photoconvertible protein
, Nature Methods 5(4): 339-345 (2008)

Direct measurement of protein energy landscape roughness
, Embo Reports 6(5): 482-486 (2005)

Direct measurement of protein-protein interactions by FLIM-FRET at UV laser-induced DNA damage sites in living cells
, Nucleic Acids Research 48(21): E122 (2020)

Direct measurement of proton transfer rates to a group controlling the dihydropyridine-sensitive Ca2+ channel
, Nature 329(6136): 243-246 (1987)

Direct measurement of proximity-induced magnetism at the interface between a topological insulator and a ferromagnet
, Nature Communications 7: 12014 (2016)

Direct measurement of pulse wave propagation in capillaries of the human retina
, Optics Letters 46(18): 4450-4453 (2021)

Direct measurement of radial fluence distribution inside a femtosecond laser filament core
, Optics Express 28(10): 15529-15541 (2020)

Direct measurement of radiation exposure dose to individual organs during diagnostic computed tomography examination
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 5435 (2021)

Direct measurement of release and assimilation of ammonia in the Gunnera-Nostoc symbiosis
, New Phytologist 132(4): 617-625 (1996)

Direct measurement of secondary circulation in a meandering macrotidal estuary
, Science of the Total Environment 739: 139503 (2020)

Direct measurement of somatic voltage clamp errors in central neurons
, Nature Neuroscience 11(7): 790-798 (2008)

Direct measurement of strain-dependent solid surface stress
, Nature Communications 8(1): 555 (2017)

Direct measurement of strain-driven Kekulé distortion in graphene and its electronic properties
, Nanoscale 12(38): 19604-19608 (2020)

Direct measurement of superdiffusive energy transport in disordered granular chains
, Nature Communications 9(1): 640 (2018)

Direct measurement of the PSF for Coulomb delocalization - a reconsideration
, Ultramicroscopy 230: 113374 (2021)

Direct measurement of the absolute absorption spectrum of individual semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes
, Nature Communications 4: 2542 (2013)

Direct measurement of the biphoton Wigner function through two-photon interference
, Scientific Reports 3: 3530 (2013)

Direct measurement of the capillary condensation time of a water nanobridge
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 13848 (2018)

Direct measurement of the coupled spatiotemporal coherence of parametric down-conversion under negative group-velocity dispersion
, Optics Letters 45(13): 3581-3584 (2020)

Direct measurement of the electric-field distribution in a light-emitting electrochemical cell
, Nature Materials 6(11): 894-899 (2007)

Direct measurement of the electronic spin diffusion length in a fully functional organic spin valve by low-energy muon spin rotation
, Nature Materials 8(2): 109-114 (2009)

Direct measurement of the force of microtubule sliding in flagella
, Nature 293(5833): 566-568 (1981)

Direct measurement of the frequency ratio for Hg and Yb optical lattice clocks and closure of the Hg/Yb/Sr loop
, Optics Express 28(10): 15112-15121 (2020)

Direct measurement of the ionization state of an essential guanine in the hairpin ribozyme
, Nature Chemical Biology 5(5): 351-357 (2009)

Direct measurement of the lambda of the lumped constant of the deoxyglucose method in rat brain: determination of lambda and lumped constant from tissue glucose concentration or equilibrium brain/plasma distribution ratio for methylglucose
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 11(1): 25-34 (1991)

Direct measurement of the mechanical properties of a chromatin analog and the epigenetic effects of para-sulphonato-calix[4]arene
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 5816 (2019)

Direct measurement of the propagation of the phase-transition region of liquid crystals
, Scientific Reports 7: 44801 (2017)

Direct measurement of the quantum wavefunction
, Nature 474(7350): 188-191 (2011)

Direct measurement of the rhythmic motions of the human head identifies a third rhythm
, Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 26: 24-29 (2021)

Direct measurement of the scattering coefficient
, Biomedical Optics Express 12(1): 320-335 (2021)

Direct measurement of the sound velocity in water based on the acousto-optic signal
, Applied Optics 60(8): 2455-2464 (2021)

Direct measurement of the thermoelectric properties of electrochemically deposited Bi 2 Te 3 thin films
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 17922 (2020)

Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus
, Nature 422(6927): 72-76 (2003)

Direct measurement of the triple spin flip rate in dynamic nuclear polarization
, Journal of Magnetic Resonance 327: 106982 (2021)

Direct measurement of the upper critical field in cuprate superconductors
, Nature Communications 5: 3280 (2014)

Direct measurement of thermal conductivity in solid iron at planetary core conditions
, Nature 534(7605): 99-101 (2016)

Direct measurement of topological interactions in polymers under shear using neutron spin echo spectroscopy
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 2823 (2019)

Direct measurement of transcription factor dissociation excludes a simple operator occupancy model for gene regulation
, Nature Genetics 46(4): 405-408 (2014)

Direct measurement of triaxial strain fields around ferroelectric domains using X-ray microdiffraction
, Nature Materials 2(6): 379-381 (2003)

Direct measurement of ultrafast temporal wavefunctions
, Optics Express 29(13): 19403-19416 (2021)

Direct measurement of vagal tone in rats does not show correlation to HRV
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 1210 (2021)

Direct measurement on the geometric phase of a double quantum dot qubit via quantum point contact device
, Scientific Reports 5: 11726 (2015)

Direct Measurements of Erythromycin's Effect on Protein Synthesis Kinetics in Living Bacterial Cells
, Journal of Molecular Biology 2021: 166942 (2021)

Direct measurements of ice-shelf flexure caused by surface meltwater ponding and drainage
, Nature Communications 10(1): 730 (2019)

Direct measurements of interfacial adhesion in 2D materials and van der Waals heterostructures in ambient air
, Nature Communications 11(1): 5607 (2020)

Direct measurements of multi-photon induced nonlinear lattice dynamics in semiconductors via time-resolved x-ray scattering
, Scientific Reports 6: 39506 (2016)

Direct measurements of the partial oxygen tension in different cortical and subcortical structures of the brain and in gliomas during stereotactic operation
, Confinia Neurologica 34(1): 106-111 (1972)

Direct mechanochemical cleavage of functional groups from graphene
, Nature Communications 6: 6467 (2015)

Direct medical costs of breast cancer in Jordan: cost drivers and predictors
, Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research 2020: 1-8 (2020)

Direct medical costs of hospitalized patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in a tertiary hospital in China
, Chinese Medical Journal 133(20): 2498-2500 (2020)

Direct medical costs of obesity in the United States and the most populous states
, Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy 2021: 1-13 (2021)

Direct medical costs of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Philippines: findings from two hospital databases and physician surveys
, Bmj Open 11(10): E049737 (2021)

Direct metabolic regulation in skeletal muscle and fat tissue by leptin: implications for glucose and fatty acids homeostasis
, International Journal of Obesity 29(10): 1175-1183 (2005)

Direct metabolomics for plant cells by live single-cell mass spectrometry
, Nature Protocols 10(9): 1445-1456 (2015)

Direct methanol synthesis from methane in a plasma-catalyst hybrid system at low temperature using metal oxide-coated glass beads
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 9956 (2018)

Direct method of measuring stratospheric water vapour mixing ratios
, Nature 227(5260): 824-825 (1970)

Direct methods in neutron crystallography: structure of L-proline monohydrate by symbolic addition and tangent refinement
, Nature 235(5337): 328-329 (1972)

Direct microfabrication of oxide patterns by local electrodeposition of precisely positioned electrolyte: the case of Cu2O
, Scientific Reports 6: 27423 (2016)

Direct migration of follicular melanocyte stem cells to the epidermis after wounding or UVB irradiation is dependent on Mc1r signaling
, Nature Medicine 19(7): 924-929 (2013)

Direct mineralogical imaging of economic ore and rock samples with multi-modal nonlinear optical microscopy
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 16917 (2018)

Direct minimally invasive enzymatic determination of tyramine in cheese using digital imaging
, Analytica Chimica Acta 1164: 338489 (2021)

Direct modelling of age standardized marginal relative survival through incorporation of time-dependent weights
, Bmc Medical Research Methodology 21(1): 84 (2021)

Direct modulation by Ca(2+)-calmodulin of cyclic nucleotide-activated channel of rat olfactory receptor neurons
, Nature 368(6471): 545-548 (1994)

Direct modulation of Aplysia S-K+ channels by a 12-lipoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid
, Nature 342(6249): 553-555 (1989)

Direct modulation of synaptic vesicle priming by GABA(B) receptor activation at a glutamatergic synapse
, Nature 424(6950): 775-778 (2003)

Direct modulation of the outer mitochondrial membrane channel, voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) by cannabidiol: a novel mechanism for cannabinoid-induced cell death
, Cell Death and Disease 4: E949 (2013)

Direct molecular mimicry enables off-target cardiovascular toxicity by an enhanced affinity TCR designed for cancer immunotherapy
, Scientific Reports 6: 18851 (2016)

Direct molecular-level near-field plasmon and temperature assessment in a single plasmonic hotspot
, Light Science and Applications 9: 35 (2020)

Direct molecular-level near-field plasmon and temperature assessment in a single plasmonic hotspot
, Light Science and Applications 9(1): 35 (2020)

Direct monitoring of bias-dependent variations in the exciton formation ratio of working organic light emitting diodes
, Scientific Reports 5: 15533 (2015)

Direct monitoring of live human pluripotent stem cells by a highly selective pluripotency sensor
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 30(16): 127347 (2020)

Direct monitoring of the stepwise condensation of kinetoplast DNA networks
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 1501 (2021)

Direct multiplex imaging and optogenetics of Rho GTPases enabled by near-infrared FRET
, Nature Chemical Biology 14(6): 591-600 (2018)

Direct multiplexed measurement of gene expression with color-coded probe pairs
, Nature Biotechnology 26(3): 317-325 (2008)

Direct muscle delivery of GDNF with human mesenchymal stem cells improves motor neuron survival and function in a rat model of familial ALS
, Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy 16(12): 2002-2010 (2008)

Direct muscle neurotization in rat soleus muscle
, Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery 16(5): 379-383 (2000)

Direct mutagenesis of Ha-ras-1 oncogenes by N-nitroso-N-methylurea during initiation of mammary carcinogenesis in rats
, Nature 315(6018): 382-385 (1985)

Direct myocardial anti-ischaemic effect of GTN in both nitrate-tolerant and nontolerant rats: a cyclic GMP-independent activation of KATP
, British Journal of Pharmacology 128(7): 1427-1434 (1999)

Direct myocardial revascularization after 6, 12 and 24 hours of acute coronary syndrome
, Khirurgiia 2021(10): 75-80 (2021)

Direct nanofluidic channels via hardening and wrinkling of thin polymer films
, Nanoscale 12(32): 16895-16900 (2020)

Direct nanoimprinting of nanoporous organosilica films consisting of covalently crosslinked photofunctional frameworks
, Nanoscale 12(41): 21146-21154 (2020)

Direct nanoprinting by liquid-bridge-mediated nanotransfer moulding
, Nature Nanotechnology 5(10): 742-748 (2010)

Direct nanoscale imaging of evolving electric field domains in quantum structures
, Scientific Reports 4: 7183 (2014)

Direct nanoscopic observation of plasma waves in the channel of a graphene field-effect transistor
, Light Science and Applications 9: 97 (2020)

Direct nanoscopic observation of plasma waves in the channel of a graphene field-effect transistor
, Light Science and Applications 9(1): 97 (2020)

Direct neuronal glucose uptake heralds activity-dependent increases in cerebral metabolism
, Nature Communications 6: 6807 (2015)

Direct neurotransmitter activation of voltage-gated potassium channels
, Nature Communications 9(1): 1847 (2018)

Direct next-generation sequencing diagnosis of echovirus 9 meningitis, France
, European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 2021 (2021)

Direct nitration and azidation of aliphatic carbons by an iron-dependent halogenase
, Nature Chemical Biology 10(3): 209-215 (2014)

Direct nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: a model and field test
, New Phytologist 155(3): 507-515 (2002)

Direct nitrogen fixation at the edges of graphene nanoplatelets as efficient electrocatalysts for energy conversion
, Scientific Reports 3: 2260 (2013)

Direct non-cyclooxygenase-2 targets of celecoxib and their potential relevance for cancer therapy
, British Journal of Cancer 97(11): 1465-1468 (2007)

Direct non-destructive total reflection X-ray fluorescence elemental determinations in zirconium alloy samples
, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 27(Pt 5): 1253-1261 (2020)

Direct nonadiabatic quantum dynamics simulations of the photodissociation of phenol
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 2021 (2021)

Direct noninvasive measurement of tear oxygen tension beneath gas-permeable contact lenses in rabbits
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science: 37(10) (1996)

Direct nose to brain delivery of small molecules: critical analysis of data from a standardized in vivo screening model in rats
, Drug Delivery 27(1): 1597-1607 (2020)

Direct numerical simulations of three-dimensional surface instability patterns in thin film-compliant substrate structures
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 16449 (2021)

Direct observation and catalytic role of mediator atom in 2D materials
, Science Advances 6(24): Eaba4942 (2020)

Direct observation and dynamics of spontaneous skyrmion-like magnetic domains in a ferromagnet
, Nature Nanotechnology 8(5): 325-328 (2013)

Direct observation and imaging of a spin-wave soliton with p-like symmetry
, Nature Communications 6: 8889 (2015)

Direct observation and impact of co-segregated atoms in magnesium having multiple alloying elements
, Nature Communications 10(1): 3243 (2019)

Direct observation and manipulation of hot electrons at room temperature
, National Science Review 8(9): Nwaa295 (2021)

Direct observation and mapping of spin waves emitted by spin-torque nano-oscillators
, Nature Materials 9(12): 984-988 (2010)

Direct observation and temperature control of the surface Dirac gap in a topological crystalline insulator
, Nature Communications 6: 8463 (2015)

Direct observation of Anderson localization in plasmonic terahertz devices
, Light Science and Applications 6(3): E16232 (2017)

Direct observation of Anderson localization of matter waves in a controlled disorder
, Nature 453(7197): 891-894 (2008)

Direct observation of DNA knots using a solid-state nanopore
, Nature Nanotechnology 11(12): 1093-1097 (2016)

Direct observation of DNA target searching and cleavage by CRISPR-Cas12a
, Nature Communications 9(1): 2777 (2018)

Direct observation of DNA threading in flap endonuclease complexes
, Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 23(7): 640-646 (2016)

Direct observation of DNA translocation and cleavage by the EcoKI endonuclease using atomic force microscopy
, Nature Structural Biology 6(1): 15-17 (1999)

Direct observation of Klein tunneling in phononic crystals
, Science 370(6523): 1447-1450 (2020)

Direct observation of Lomer-Cottrell locks during strain hardening in nanocrystalline nickel by in situ TEM
, Scientific Reports 3: 1061 (2013)

Direct observation of TALE protein dynamics reveals a two-state search mechanism
, Nature Communications 6: 7277 (2015)

Direct observation of Tomonaga-Luttinger-liquid state in carbon nanotubes at low temperatures
, Nature 426(6966): 540-544 (2003)

Direct observation of a Fermi liquid-like normal state in an iron-pnictide superconductor
, Scientific Reports 5: 12421 (2015)

Direct observation of a Feshbach resonance by coincidence detection of ions and electrons in Penning ionization collisions
, Nature Communications 11(1): 3553 (2020)

Direct observation of a borane-silane complex involved in frustrated Lewis-pair-mediated hydrosilylations
, Nature Chemistry 6(11): 983-988 (2014)

Direct observation of a coil-to-helix contraction triggered by vinculin binding to talin
, Science Advances 6(21): Eaaz4707 (2020)

Direct observation of a free radical interaction between vitamin E and vitamin C
, Nature 278(5706): 737-738 (1979)

Direct observation of a highly spin-polarized organic spinterface at room temperature
, Scientific Reports 3: 1272 (2013)

Direct observation of a local structural mechanism for dynamic arrest
, Nature Materials 7(7): 556-561 (2008)

Direct observation of a local thermal vibration anomaly in a quasicrystal
, Nature 421(6921): 347-350 (2003)

Direct observation of a non-crystalline state of Li 2 S-P 2 S 5 solid electrolytes
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 4142 (2017)

Direct observation of a propagating spin wave induced by spin-transfer torque
, Nature Nanotechnology 6(10): 635-638 (2011)

Direct observation of a submarine volcanic eruption from a sea-floor instrument caught in a lava flow
, Nature 412(6848): 727-729 (2001)

Direct observation of a transverse periodicity in collagen fibrils
, Nature 288(5789): 410-413 (1980)

Direct observation of a two-dimensional hole gas at oxide interfaces
, Nature Materials 17(3): 231-236 (2018)

Direct observation of a widely tunable bandgap in bilayer graphene
, Nature 459(7248): 820-823 (2009)

Direct observation of adhesion and spreading of emulsion droplets at solid surfaces
, Soft Matter 4(5): 1079-1085 (2008)

Direct observation of anisotropic growth of water films on minerals driven by defects and surface tension
, Science Advances 6(30): Eaaz9708 (2020)

Direct observation of atomic-scale fracture path within ceramic grain boundary core
, Nature Communications 10(1): 2112 (2019)

Direct observation of atomic-scale origins of local dissolution in Al-Cu-Mg alloys
, Scientific Reports 6: 39525 (2016)

Direct observation of attosecond light bunching
, Nature 426(6964): 267-271 (2003)

Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase
, Nature 438(7067): 460-465 (2005)

Direct observation of bond formation in solution with femtosecond X-ray scattering
, Nature 518(7539): 385-389 (2015)

Direct observation of catalytic oxidation of particulate matter using in situ TEM
, Scientific Reports 5: 10161 (2015)

Direct observation of catch bonds involving cell-adhesion molecules
, Nature 423(6936): 190-193 (2003)

Direct observation of chaotic resonances in optical microcavities
, Light Science and Applications 10(1): 135 (2021)

Direct observation of charge separation in an organic light harvesting system by femtosecond time-resolved XPS
, Nature Communications 12(1): 1196 (2021)

Direct observation of charge state in the quasi-one-dimensional conductor Li0.9Mo6O17
, Scientific Reports 6: 20721 (2016)

Direct observation of charge transfer between molecular heterojunctions based on inorganic semiconductor clusters
, Chemical Science 11(16): 4085-4096 (2020)

Direct observation of chemical reactions on single gold nanocrystals using surface plasmon spectroscopy
, Nature Nanotechnology 3(10): 598-602 (2008)

Direct observation of chemical short-range order in a medium-entropy alloy
, Nature 592(7856): 712-716 (2021)

Direct observation of coherent energy transfer in nonlinear micromechanical oscillators
, Nature Communications 8: 15523 (2017)

Direct observation of coherent oscillations in solution due to microheterogeneous environment
, Scientific Reports 4: 6097 (2014)

Direct observation of confined acoustic phonon polarization branches in free-standing semiconductor nanowires
, Nature Communications 7: 13400 (2016)

Direct observation of coordinated DNA movements on the nucleosome during chromatin remodelling
, Nature Communications 10(1): 1720 (2019)

Direct observation of crystal defects in an organic molecular crystals of copper hexachlorophthalocyanine by STEM-EELS
, Scientific Reports 2: 252 (2012)

Direct observation of defect-mediated cluster nucleation
, Nature Materials 1(2): 102-105 (2002)

Direct observation of dendritic actin filament networks nucleated by Arp2/3 complex and WASP/Scar proteins
, Nature 404(6781): 1007-1011 (2000)

Direct observation of desorption of a melt of long polymer chains
, Nature Communications 11(1): 4354 (2020)

Direct observation of deterministic domain wall trajectory in magnetic network structures
, Scientific Reports 6: 19027 (2016)

Direct observation of deterministic macroscopic entanglement
, Science 372(6542): 622-625 (2021)

Direct observation of dipolar chains in iron ferrofluids by cryogenic electron microscopy
, Nature Materials 2(2): 88-91 (2003)

Direct observation of dislocation plasticity in high-Mn lightweight steel by in-situ TEM
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 15171 (2019)

Direct observation of disulfide isomerization in a single protein
, Nature Chemistry 3(11): 882-887 (2011)

Direct observation of dual-step twinning nucleation in hexagonal close-packed crystals
, Nature Communications 11(1): 2483 (2020)

Direct observation of dynamic charge stripes in La2-xSrxNiO4
, Nature Communications 5: 3467 (2014)

Direct observation of dynamic interaction between a functional group in a single SBR chain and an inorganic matter surface
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 13982 (2018)

Direct observation of dynamic modes excited in a magnetic insulator by pure spin current
, Scientific Reports 6: 32781 (2016)

Direct observation of dynamic protein interactions involving human microtubules using solid-state NMR spectroscopy
, Nature Communications 11(1): 18 (2020)

Direct observation of dynamic shear jamming in dense suspensions
, Nature 532(7598): 214-217 (2016)

Direct observation of effect of crowding induced macromolecular hydration on molecular breathing in the stem of Fork-DNA by single-molecule FRET microspectroscopy
, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 167: 559-569 (2020)

Direct observation of electrically induced Pauli paramagnetism in single-layer graphene using ESR spectroscopy
, Scientific Reports 6: 34966 (2016)

Direct observation of electron dynamics in the attosecond domain
, Nature 436(7049): 373-376 (2005)

Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale
, Nature 517(7534): 342-346 (2015)

Direct observation of electronic-liquid-crystal phase transitions and their microscopic origin in La 1/3 Ca 2/3 MnO 3
, Scientific Reports 6: 37624 (2016)

Direct observation of enhanced performance in suspended ReS 2 photodetectors
, Optics Express 29(3): 3567-3574 (2021)

Direct observation of exceptional points in coupled photonic-crystal lasers with asymmetric optical gains
, Nature Communications 7: 13893 (2016)

Direct observation of exciton-exciton interactions
, Nature Communications 9(1): 2466 (2018)

Direct observation of excitonic instability in Ta 2 NiSe 5
, Nature Communications 12(1): 1969 (2021)

Direct observation of finite size effects in chains of antiferromagnetically coupled spins
, Nature Communications 6: 7061 (2015)

Direct observation of forward-scattering oscillations in the H+HD→H 2 +D reaction
, Nature Chemistry 10(6): 653-658 (2018)

Direct observation of growth and collapse of a Bose-Einstein condensate with attractive interactions
, Nature 408(6813): 692-695 (2000)

Direct observation of half-metallicity in the Heusler compound Co2MnSi
, Nature Communications 5: 3974 (2014)

Direct observation of high spin polarization in Co 2 FeAl thin films
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 8074 (2018)

Direct observation of hole transfer through DNA by hopping between adenine bases and by tunnelling
, Nature 412(6844): 318-320 (2001)

Direct observation of imploded core heating via fast electrons with super-penetration scheme
, Nature Communications 10(1): 5614 (2019)

Direct observation of incommensurate magnetism in Hubbard chains
, Nature 565(7737): 56-60 (2019)

Direct observation of independently moving replisomes in Escherichia coli
, Nature Communications 11(1): 3109 (2020)

Direct observation of individual RecA filaments assembling on single DNA molecules
, Nature 443(7113): 875-878 (2006)

Direct observation of individual endogenous protein complexes in situ by proximity ligation
, Nature Methods 3(12): 995-1000 (2006)

Direct observation of intermediate states during the stepping motion of kinesin-1
, Nature Chemical Biology 12(4): 290-297 (2016)

Direct observation of intermediate states in model membrane fusion
, Scientific Reports 6: 23691 (2016)

Direct observation of intrinsic twin domains in tetragonal CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3
, Nature Communications 8: 14547 (2017)

Direct observation of ion distributions near electrodes in ionic polymer actuators containing ionic liquids
, Scientific Reports 3: 973 (2013)

Direct observation of ion emission from charged aqueous nanodrops: effects on gaseous macromolecular charging
, Chemical Science 12(14): 5185-5195 (2021)

Direct observation of ionic structure at solid-liquid interfaces: a deep look into the Stern Layer
, Scientific Reports 4: 4956 (2014)

Direct observation of isolated Damon-Eshbach and backward volume spin-wave packets in ferromagnetic microstripes
, Scientific Reports 6: 22117 (2016)

Direct observation of kinesin stepping by optical trapping interferometry
, Nature 365(6448): 721-727 (1993)

Direct observation of kink evolution due to Hund's coupling on approach to metal-insulator transition in NiS 2-x Se x
, Nature Communications 12(1): 1208 (2021)

Direct observation of large electron-phonon interaction effect on phonon heat transport
, Nature Communications 11(1): 6040 (2020)

Direct observation of laser guided corona discharges
, Scientific Reports 5: 18681 (2015)

Direct observation of lattice symmetry breaking at the hidden-order transition in URu2Si2
, Nature Communications 5: 4188 (2014)

Direct observation of ligand recognition by T cells
, Nature 419(6909): 845-849 (2002)

Direct observation of liquid nucleus growth in homogeneous melting of colloidal crystals
, Nature Communications 6: 6942 (2015)

Direct observation of lithium metal dendrites with ceramic solid electrolyte
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 18410 (2020)

Direct observation of lithium-ion transport under an electrical field in LixCoO2 nanograins
, Scientific Reports 3: 1084 (2013)

Direct observation of local atomic order in a metallic glass
, Nature Materials 10(1): 28-33 (2011)

Direct observation of localized spin antiferromagnetic transition in PdCrO2 by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
, Scientific Reports 4: 3680 (2014)

Direct observation of mammalian cell growth and size regulation
, Nature Methods 9(9): 910-912 (2012)

Direct observation of many-body charge density oscillations in a two-dimensional electron gas
, Nature Communications 6: 8691 (2015)

Direct observation of melting in a two-dimensional driven granular system
, Scientific Reports 6: 24056 (2016)

Direct observation of microtubule dynamics in living cells
, Nature 332(6166): 724-726 (1988)

Direct observation of mineral-organic composite formation reveals occlusion mechanism
, Nature Communications 7: 10187 (2016)

Direct observation of mode-specific phonon-band gap coupling in methylammonium lead halide perovskites
, Nature Communications 8(1): 687 (2017)

Direct observation of molecular cooperativity near the glass transition
, Nature 408(6813): 695-698 (2000)

Direct observation of morphological transition for an adsorbed single polymer chain
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 20914 (2020)

Direct observation of motion of single F-actin filaments in the presence of myosin
, Nature 307(5946): 58-60 (1984)

Direct observation of multiferroic vortex domains in YMnO3
, Scientific Reports 3: 2741 (2013)

Direct observation of multiple conformational states in Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase and their modulation by membrane environment and ionic strength
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 6817 (2018)

Direct observation of multiple rotational stacking faults coexisting in freestanding bilayer MoS 2
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 8323 (2017)

Direct observation of multistep energy transfer in LHCII with fifth-order 3D electronic spectroscopy
, Nature Communications 6: 7914 (2015)

Direct observation of nanoscale dynamics of ferroelectric degradation
, Nature Communications 12(1): 2095 (2021)

Direct observation of nanowire growth and decomposition
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 12310 (2017)

Direct observation of narrow mid-infrared plasmon linewidths of single metal oxide nanocrystals
, Nature Communications 7: 11583 (2016)

Direct observation of negative-index microwave surface waves
, Scientific Reports 6: 22018 (2016)

Direct observation of nuclear reorganization driven by ultrafast spin transitions
, Nature Communications 11(1): 1530 (2020)

Direct observation of nucleation in the bulk of an opaque sample
, Scientific Reports 7: 42508 (2017)

Direct observation of nystatin binding to the plasma membrane of living cells
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Biomembranes 1863(2): 183528 (2020)

Direct observation of o -benzyne formation in photochemical hexadehydro-Diels-Alder ( hν -HDDA) reactions
, Chemical Science 11(34): 9198-9208 (2020)

Direct observation of orbital hybridisation in a cuprate superconductor
, Nature Communications 9(1): 972 (2018)

Direct observation of photocarrier electron dynamics in C 60 films on graphite by time-resolved two-photon photoemission
, Scientific Reports 6: 35853 (2016)

Direct observation of photonic Landau levels and helical edge states in strained honeycomb lattices
, Light Science and Applications 9: 144 (2020)

Direct observation of photonic Landau levels and helical edge states in strained honeycomb lattices
, Light Science and Applications 9(1): 144 (2020)

Direct observation of pitting corrosion evolutions on carbon steel surfaces at the nano-to-micro- scales
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 7990 (2018)

Direct observation of polar tweed in LaAlO3
, Scientific Reports 6: 27193 (2016)

Direct observation of potential phase at joining interface between p-MgO and n-MgFe 2 O 4
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 17055 (2020)

Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration
, Nature Communications 3: 874 (2012)

Direct observation of pure pentavalent uranium in U 2 O 5 thin films by high resolution photoemission spectroscopy
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 8306 (2018)

Direct observation of rotation and steps of the archaellum in the swimming halophilic archaeon Halobacterium salinarum
, Nature Microbiology 1(11): 16148 (2016)

Direct observation of second-order atom tunnelling
, Nature 448(7157): 1029-1032 (2007)

Direct observation of selective autophagy induction in cells and tissues by self-assembled chiral nanodevice
, Nature Communications 9(1): 4494 (2018)

Direct observation of sequential oxidations of a titania-bound molecular proxy catalyst generated through illumination of molecular sensitizers
, Nature Chemistry 10(1): 17-23 (2018)

Direct observation of single kinesin molecules moving along microtubules
, Nature 380(6573): 451-453 (1996)

Direct observation of single organic molecules grafted on the surface of a silicon nanowire
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 5647 (2019)

Direct observation of single-charge-detection capability of nanowire field-effect transistors
, Nature Nanotechnology 5(10): 737-741 (2010)

Direct observation of single-molecule hydrogen-bond dynamics with single-bond resolution
, Nature Communications 9(1): 807 (2018)

Direct observation of solid-state reversed transformation from crystals to quasicrystals in a Mg alloy
, Scientific Reports 5: 9816 (2015)

Direct observation of spin-forbidden transitions through the use of suitably polarized light
, Nature Communications 5: 4126 (2014)

Direct observation of spin-layer locking by local Rashba effect in monolayer semiconducting PtSe 2 film
, Nature Communications 8: 14216 (2017)

Direct observation of spin-resolved valence band electronic states from a buried magnetic layer with hard X-ray photoemission
, Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 22(1): 317-325 (2021)

Direct observation of spinodal decomposition phenomena in InAlN alloys during in-situ STEM heating
, Scientific Reports 7: 44390 (2017)

Direct observation of stepped proteolipid ring rotation in E. coli F₀F₁-ATP synthase
, Embo Journal 29(23): 3911-3923 (2010)

Direct observation of steps in rotation of the bacterial flagellar motor
, Nature 437(7060): 916-919 (2005)

Direct observation of stepwise movement of a synthetic molecular transporter
, Nature Nanotechnology 6(3): 166-169 (2011)

Direct observation of subpicosecond vibrational dynamics in photoexcited myoglobin
, Nature Chemistry 8(12): 1137-1143 (2016)

Direct observation of symmetrization of hydrogen bond in δ-AlOOH under mantle conditions using neutron diffraction
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 15520 (2018)

Direct observation of the Dirac nodes lifting in semimetallic perovskite SrIrO3 thin films
, Scientific Reports 6: 30309 (2016)

Direct observation of the Si(110)-(16×2) surface reconstruction by atomic force microscopy
, Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 11: 1750-1756 (2020)

Direct observation of the alignment of ferromagnetic spins by antiferromagnetic spins
, Nature 405(6788): 767-769 (2000)

Direct observation of the binding state of the kinesin head to the microtubule
, Nature 461(7260): 125-128 (2009)

Direct observation of the cell-wall remodeling in adhering Staphylococcus aureus 27217 : An AFM study supported by SEM and TEM
, Cell Surface 5: 100018 (2019)

Direct observation of the collapse of the delocalized excess electron in water
, Nature Chemistry 6(8): 697-701 (2014)

Direct observation of the discrete character of intrinsic localized modes in an antiferromagnet
, Nature 432(7016): 486-488 (2004)

Direct observation of the dynamics of single metal ions at the interface with solids in aqueous solutions
, Scientific Reports 7: 43234 (2017)

Direct observation of the effects of cellulose synthesis inhibitors using live cell imaging of Cellulose Synthase (CESA) in Physcomitrella patens
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 735 (2018)

Direct observation of the influence of cardiolipin and antibiotics on lipid II binding to MurJ
, Nature Chemistry 10(3): 363-371 (2018)

Direct observation of the layer-dependent electronic structure in phosphorene
, Nature Nanotechnology 12(1): 21-25 (2017)

Direct observation of the mechanochemical coupling in myosin Va during processive movement
, Nature 455(7209): 128-132 (2008)

Direct observation of the myosin-Va power stroke and its reversal
, Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 17(5): 590-595 (2010)

Direct observation of the nanoscale Kirkendall effect during galvanic replacement reactions
, Nature Communications 8(1): 1224 (2017)

Direct observation of the nanoscale dynamics of membrane lipids in a living cell
, Nature 457(7233): 1159-1162 (2009)

Direct observation of the rotation of F1-ATPase
, Nature 386(6622): 299-302 (1997)

Direct observation of the self-aggregation of R3R4 bi-repeat of Tau protein
, Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology 2021 (2021)

Direct observation of the solvent organization and nuclear vibrations of [Ru(dcbpy) 2 (NCS) 2 ] 4- , [dcbpy = (4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'-bipyridine)], via ab initio molecular dynamics
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 23(40): 22885-22896 (2021)

Direct observation of the spin texture in SmB6 as evidence of the topological Kondo insulator
, Nature Communications 5: 4566 (2014)

Direct observation of the spin-dependent Peltier effect
, Nature Nanotechnology 7(3): 166-168 (2012)

Direct observation of the superfluid phase transition in ultracold Fermi gases
, Nature 442(7098): 54-58 (2006)

Direct observation of the temporal and spatial dynamics during crumpling
, Nature Materials 9(12): 993-997 (2010)

Direct observation of the three regions in α-synuclein that determine its membrane-bound behaviour
, Nature Communications 5: 3827 (2014)

Direct observation of the transition from indirect to direct bandgap in atomically thin epitaxial MoSe2
, Nature Nanotechnology 9(2): 111-115 (2014)

Direct observation of titanium-centered octahedra in titanium-antimony-tellurium phase-change material
, Nature Communications 6: 10040 (2015)

Direct observation of topoisomerase IA gate dynamics
, Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 25(12): 1111-1118 (2018)

Direct observation of topological surface-state arcs in photonic metamaterials
, Nature Communications 8(1): 97 (2017)

Direct observation of trap-assisted recombination in organic photovoltaic devices
, Nature Communications 12(1): 3603 (2021)

Direct observation of two-electron Ag(I)/Ag(III) redox cycles in coupling catalysis
, Nature Communications 5: 4373 (2014)

Direct observation of type 1 fimbrial switching
, Embo Reports 10(5): 527-532 (2009)

Direct observation of ultrafast coherent exciton dynamics in helical π-stacks of self-assembled perylene bisimides
, Nature Communications 6: 8646 (2015)

Direct observation of ultrafast hydrogen bond strengthening in liquid water
, Nature 596(7873): 531-535 (2021)

Direct observation of ultrafast long-range charge separation at polymer-fullerene heterojunctions
, Nature Communications 5: 4288 (2014)

Direct observation of ultrafast many-body electron dynamics in an ultracold Rydberg gas
, Nature Communications 7: 13449 (2016)

Direct observation of ultrafast plasmonic hot electron transfer in the strong coupling regime
, Light Science and Applications 8: 9 (2019)

Direct observation of vacuum arc evolution with nanosecond resolution
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 7814 (2019)

Direct observation of valley-polarized topological edge states in designer surface plasmon crystals
, Nature Communications 8(1): 1304 (2017)

Direct observation of water-mediated single-proton transport between hBN surface defects
, Nature Nanotechnology 15(7): 598-604 (2020)

Direct observation of wetting behavior of water drops on single micro-scale roughness surfaces of rose petal effect
, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 603: 539-549 (2021)

Direct observation shows superposition and large scale flexibility within cytoplasmic dynein motors moving along microtubules
, Nature Communications 6: 8179 (2015)

Direct observations of a surface eigenmode of the dayside magnetopause
, Nature Communications 10(1): 615 (2019)

Direct observations of evolving subglacial drainage beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet
, Nature 514(7520): 80-83 (2014)

Direct observations of ice seasonality reveal changes in climate over the past 320-570 years
, Scientific Reports 6: 25061 (2016)

Direct occluded vessel puncture technique as a new access site for complex peripheral artery occlusive disease
, Journal of Cardiology Cases 22(4): 163-165 (2020)

Direct on-swab metabolic profiling of vaginal microbiome host interactions during pregnancy and preterm birth
, Nature Communications 12(1): 5967 (2021)

Direct on-the-spot detection of SARS-CoV-2 in patients
, Experimental Biology and Medicine 245(14): 1187-1193 (2020)

Direct ophthalmoscopy should be taught within the context of its limitations
, Eye 30(2): 326-327 (2016)

Direct optic nerve sheath (DONS) application of Schwann cells prolongs retinal ganglion cell survival in vivo
, Cell Death and Disease 5: E1460 (2014)

Direct optical activation of skeletal muscle fibres efficiently controls muscle contraction and attenuates denervation atrophy
, Nature Communications 6: 8506 (2015)

Direct optical characterization of graphene growth and domains on growth substrates
, Scientific Reports 2: 707 (2012)

Direct optical sensing of single unlabelled proteins and super-resolution imaging of their binding sites
, Nature Communications 5: 4495 (2014)

Direct optogenetic stimulation of smooth muscle cells to control gastric contractility
, Theranostics 11(11): 5569-5584 (2021)

Direct or Collateral Liver Damage in SARS-CoV-2-Infected Patients
, Seminars in Liver Disease 40(3): 321-330 (2020)

Direct or indirect endothelial cell transforming growth factor-β receptor activation initiates arteriolar hyalinosis
, Kidney International 82(8): 838-839 (2012)

Direct or proximate contact between cells and metabolic activation systems is required for mutagenesis
, Nature 271(5643): 368-370 (1978)

Direct oral Xa inhibitors versus warfarin in patients with cancer and atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis
, Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 21(8): 570-576 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) versus low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis (which agent for which patient)
, Journal de Medecine Vasculaire 45(6s): 6s17-6s23 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulant failure in stroke/transient ischaemic attack: neurologic and pharmacokinetic considerations
, European Heart Journal. Case Reports 4(5): 1-2 (2020 )

Direct oral anticoagulant for venous thrombosis in Behçet's syndrome
, Autoimmunity Reviews 2021: 102783 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulant neutralization by activated charcoal DOAC-Remove for thrombophilia screening
, Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 32(5): 356-358 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulant plasma levels and thrombin generation on ST Genesia system
, Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis 4(4): 619-627 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulant treatment of deep vein thrombosis reduces IL-6 expression in peripheral mono-nuclear blood cells
, Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20(6): 237 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulant use in left ventricular thrombus
, Thrombosis Journal 18: 29 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulant use in left ventricular thrombus
, Thrombosis Journal 18(1): 29 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and neck of femur fractures: Standardising the perioperative management and time to surgery
, Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma 12(1): 138-147 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants : therapeutic breakthroughs over the past decade
, Revue Medicale de Liege 75(5-6): 310-315 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants and advanced liver disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
, Reference 2020: E13397 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants and cancer-associated VTE: good for all, or just some?
, Blood 136(6): 669-673 (2020 )

Direct oral anticoagulants and the risk of osteoporotic fractures in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation
, Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease 13: 1759720x211011374 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants and therapeutic adherence: do not let your guard down
, Acta Cardiologica 2021: 1-7 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants compared to vitamin K antagonist for the management of left ventricular thrombus
, ESC heart failure 7(5): 2032-2041 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants decrease treatment failure for acute lower extremity deep venous thrombosis
, Vascular 2021: 17085381211042231 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants for cancer-associated venous thromboembolism: a systematic review and meta-analysis
, Blood 136(12): 1433-1441 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants for patients aged over 80 years in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: the impact of frailty
, Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 21(8): 562-569 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants for the treatment of Mondor's disease not responding to low-molecular weight heparin
, Phlebology 35(9): 734-735 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants for the treatment of pulmonary embolism in patients with renal impairment
, Thrombosis Research 204: 101-107 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants for unusual-site venous thromboembolism
, Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis 5(2): 265-277 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants in antiphospholipid syndrome: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
, Autoimmunity Reviews 2020: 102711 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants in cancer patients: which help from the specialist hemostasis and thrombosis laboratory?
, Medical Oncology 38(11): 130 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants in cancer-associated venous thromboembolism: It is high time for a change of therapeutic paradigm
, Cardiology Journal 27(4): 347-349 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants in patients with hematologic malignancies
, Hematological Oncology 38(4): 589-596 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants in the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism in patients with obesity: A systematic review with meta-analysis
, Pharmacological Research 163: 105317 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants in traumatology - an underestimated problem?
, MMW Fortschritte der Medizin 162(18): 64-69 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants in treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis: a systematic review
, Bmj Open 11(2): E040212 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants increase the risk of anaemia and hospitalization in IBD patients with active intestinal disease
, Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver 52(12): 1525-1526 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants versus aspirin for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after orthopedic surgery
, American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy: Ajhp: Official Journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists 76(Supplement_2): S55-S60 (2019)

Direct oral anticoagulants versus low molecular weight heparins for the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis: a cost-effectiveness analysis
, Thrombosis Journal 19(1): 68 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants versus vitamin K antagonists for patients with left ventricular thrombus
, Annals of Palliative Medicine 10(9): 9427-9434 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants versus vitamin K antagonists in antiphospholipid syndrome: A meta-analysis
, European Journal of Internal Medicine 79: 43-50 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants versus warfarin in people living with human immunodeficiency virus
, International Journal of Std and Aids 2021: 9564624211031728 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants vs. vitamin K antagonists for left ventricular thrombus: a systematic review and meta-analysis
, Acta Cardiologica 2021: 1-10 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants: In which indications? Which one to prescribe? For or against their use in frail patients and in atypical cases? Which monitoring and management haemorrhage complications?
, La Revue de Medecine Interne 41(9): 598-606 (2020)

Direct oral anticoagulants: a new therapy against Alzheimer's disease?
, Neural Regeneration Research 16(8): 1556-1557 (2021)

Direct oral anticoagulants: evidence and unresolved issues
, Lancet 396(10264): 1767-1776 (2020)

Direct orange 26 dye environmental degradation: experimental studies (UV, mass, and thermal) in comparison with computational exploration hydrogen bonding analysis of TD-DFT calculations
, Journal of Molecular Modeling 27(11): 325 (2021)

Direct oriented growth of armchair graphene nanoribbons on germanium
, Nature Communications 6: 8006 (2015)

Direct osteosynthesis in hangman's fracture risks vertebral artery injury
, Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association 2020 (2020)

Direct oxidation of antibiotic trimethoprim by unactivated peroxymonosulfate via a nonradical transformation mechanism
, Chemosphere 263: 128194 (2021)

Direct oxidation of hydrocarbons in a solid-oxide fuel cell
, Nature 404(6775): 265-267 (2000)

Direct oxidation of peroxymonosulfate under natural solar radiation: Accelerating the simultaneous removal of organic contaminants and pathogens from water
, Chemosphere 279: 130555 (2021)

Direct oxygen isotope effect identifies the rate-determining step of electrocatalytic OER at an oxidic surface
, Nature Communications 9(1): 4565 (2018)

Direct patient care services by community and ambulatory care pharmacists in Idaho
, International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 42(6): 1480-1489 (2020)

Direct patient-to-physician teledermatology: Not a flash in the pan(demic)
, Clinics in Dermatology 39(1): 45-51 (2021)

Direct patterning of organic conductors on knitted textiles for long-term electrocardiography
, Scientific Reports 5: 15003 (2015)

Direct patterning of periodic semiconductor nanostructures using single-pulse nanosecond laser interference
, Optics Express 28(22): 32529-32539 (2020)

Direct penetration of spin-triplet superconductivity into a ferromagnet in Au/SrRuO 3 /Sr 2 RuO 4 junctions
, Nature Communications 7: 13220 (2016)

Direct peroral cholangioscopy using an ultra-slim upper endoscope for the treatment of retained bile duct stones
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 104(11): 2729-2733 (2009)

Direct phase modulation via optical injection: theoretical study
, Optics Express 29(6): 9574-9588 (2021)

Direct phenotypic conversion of human fibroblasts into functional osteoblasts triggered by a blockade of the transforming growth factor-β signal
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 8463 (2018)

Direct photodegradation of 36 organic micropollutants under simulated solar radiation: Comparison with free-water surface constructed wetland and influence of chemical structure
, Journal of Hazardous Materials 407: 124801 (2020)

Direct photoreactive immobilization of water-soluble phospholipid polymers on substrates in an aqueous environment
, Colloids and Surfaces. B Biointerfaces 199: 111507 (2020)

Direct photosynthetic recycling of carbon dioxide to isobutyraldehyde
, Nature Biotechnology 27(12): 1177-1180 (2009)

Direct physical evidence for secondary structure in an isolated fragment of R17 bacteriophage mRNA
, Nature 248(445): 204-208 (1974)

Direct physical vapor deposition and flexible photoelectrical properties of large-area free-standing films of metal octaethylporphyrin on ionic liquid surface
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 9838 (2017)

Direct plasmonic detection of circulating RAS mutated DNA in colorectal cancer patients
, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 170: 112648 (2020)

Direct podocyte damage in the single nephron leads to albuminuria in vivo
, Kidney International 47(4): 1078-1086 (1995)

Direct postoperative protein S100B and NIRS monitoring in infants after pediatric cardiac surgery enrich early mortality assessment at the PICU
, Heart and Lung: the Journal of Critical Care 49(6): 731-736 (2020)

Direct postsynaptic responses to stimulation of serotonin-containing neurones
, Nature 225(5237): 1060-1062 (1970)

Direct preparation of porous cellulose microspheres via a self-growth process on bamboo fibers and their functionalization for specific adsorption of histidine-rich proteins
, Journal of Chromatography A 1633: 461636 (2020)

Direct preparation of unprotected aminimides (R 3 N + -NH - ) from natural aliphatic tertiary alkaloids (R 3 N) by [Mn(TDCPP)Cl]-catalysed N-amination reaction
, Chemical Communications 56(64): 9102-9105 (2020)

Direct preparation, starting from the seeds, of the esters of Hydnocarpus anthelmintica Pierre, for the treatment of leprosy
, Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de Ses Filiales 38: 9-12 (1945)

Direct primary care plans: PPACA's version of "concierge medicine"
, Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia 103(2): 32 (2014)

Direct priming of antiviral CD8+ T cells in the peripheral interfollicular region of lymph nodes
, Nature Immunology 9(2): 155-165 (2008)

Direct printing of functional 3D objects using polymerization-induced phase separation
, Nature Communications 12(1): 55 (2021)

Direct printing of nanostructures by electrostatic autofocussing of ink nanodroplets
, Nature Communications 3: 890 (2012)

Direct probe of spectral inhomogeneity reveals synthetic tunability of single-nanocrystal spectral linewidths
, Nature Chemistry 5(7): 602-606 (2013)

Direct probing of contact electrification by using optical second harmonic generation technique
, Scientific Reports 5: 13019 (2015)

Direct probing of phonon mode specific electron-phonon scatterings in two-dimensional semiconductor transition metal dichalcogenides
, Nature Communications 12(1): 4520 (2021)

Direct probing of the exchange interaction at buried interfaces
, Nature Nanotechnology 8(11): 853-858 (2013)

Direct production of 2, 5-Furandicarboxylicacid from raw biomass by manganese dioxide catalysis cooperated with ultrasonic-assisted diluted acid pretreatment
, Bioresource Technology 337: 125421 (2021)

Direct production of XY(DMY-) sex reversal female medaka (Oryzias latipes) by embryo microinjection of TALENs
, Scientific Reports 5: 14057 (2015)

Direct production of a genetically-encoded immobilized biodiesel catalyst
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 12783 (2018)

Direct production of fatty alcohols from glucose using engineered strains of Yarrowia lipolytica
, Metabolic Engineering Communications 10: E00105 (2020)

Direct projection pathway between medial vestibular nucleus and vestibular efferent neurons in rats and its electrophysiological characteristics
, Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 101(26): 2055-2059 (2021)

Direct promoter induction of p19Arf by Pit-1 explains the dependence receptor RET/Pit-1/p53-induced apoptosis in the pituitary somatotroph cells
, Oncogene 31(23): 2824-2835 (2012)

Direct proportionality of urinary excretion rate and serum level of tetracycline in human subjects
, Nature 198: 450-453 (1963)

Direct protein quantification in complex sample solutions by surface-engineered nanorod probes
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 4752 (2017)

Direct protein-lipid interactions shape the conformational landscape of secondary transporters
, Nature Communications 9(1): 4151 (2018)

Direct protein-protein coupling enables cross-talk between dopamine D5 and gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptors
, Nature 403(6767): 274-280 (2000)

Direct protein-protein interaction between Npas4 and IPAS mutually inhibits their critical roles in neuronal cell survival and death
, Cell Death Discovery 7(1): 300 (2021)

Direct protein-protein interaction network for insecticide resistance based on subcellular localization analysis in Drosophila melanogaster
, Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B Pesticides Food Contaminants and Agricultural Wastes 55(8): 732-748 (2020)

Stable Isotope Labeling of Amino Acids in Flies (SILAF) Reveals Differential Phosphorylation of Mitochondrial Proteins Upon Loss of OXPHOS Subunits
, Molecular and Cellular Proteomics: Mcp 2021: 100065 (2021)

Direct proteomic mapping of the lung microvascular endothelial cell surface in vivo and in cell culture
, Nature Biotechnology 22(8): 985-992 (2004)

Direct prototyping of patterned nanoporous carbon: a route from materials to on-chip devices
, Scientific Reports 3: 2294 (2013)

Direct proximal right subclavian artery cannulation during surgery of the thoracic aorta
, Jtcvs Techniques 8: 1-6 (2021)

Direct pulp capping (DPC) in primary molars using (3Mix-MP) and the characteristics of the carious lesion as predictor factors for its success: a randomized controlled trial
, European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 22(4): 633-642 (2021)

Direct pulp capping with a dentinal adhesive resin system: a pilot study
, Quintessence International 27(4): 227-228 (1996)

Direct puncture of an occluded common femoral artery as a new approach for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair
, Cvir Endovascular 4(1): 58 (2021)

Direct puncture technique for laparoscopy
, Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 76(5): 346-347 (1994)

Direct punishment and indirect reputation-based tactics to intervene against offences
, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B Biological Sciences 376(1838): 20200289 (2021)

Direct qualitative and quantitative determination methodology for massive screening of DON in wheat flour based on multi-molecular infrared spectroscopy (MM-IR) with 2T-2DCOS
, Talanta 234: 122653 (2021)

Direct quality control of glycoengineered erythropoietin variants
, Nature Communications 9(1): 3342 (2018)

Direct quantification of anorethidrani disuccinate and determination of sterol metabolites by chemical derivatization combined with LC-MS/MS: Application to a Phase I pharmacokinetic study in humans
, Journal of Chromatography. B Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 1157: 122290 (2020)

Direct quantification of red wine phenolics using fluorescence spectroscopy with chemometrics
, Talanta 236: 122857 (2022)

Direct quantification of topological protection in symmetry-protected photonic edge states at telecom wavelengths
, Light Science and Applications 10(1): 9 (2021)

Direct quantitation of free, encapsulated, total doxorubicin and doxorubicinol in stabilized frozen human plasma to support a BE study of liposomal doxorubicin
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 189: 113388 (2020)

Direct quantitative detection of Doc2b-induced hemifusion in optically trapped membranes
, Nature Communications 6: 8387 (2015)

Direct quantitative detection of host cell residual DNA in recombinant Filgrastim by qPCR
, Analytical Biochemistry 2021: 114296 (2021)

Direct quantitative material decomposition employing grating-based X-ray phase-contrast CT
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 16394 (2018)

Direct quantitative profiling of amino acids in tissues for the assessment of lung cancer
, Talanta 233: 122544 (2021)

Direct quantitative trait locus mapping of mammalian metabolic phenotypes in diabetic and normoglycemic rat models
, Nature Genetics 39(5): 666-672 (2007)

Direct quantum process tomography via measuring sequential weak values of incompatible observables
, Nature Communications 9(1): 192 (2018)

Direct radiative effects of airborne microplastics
, Nature 598(7881): 462-467 (2021)

Direct radiocarbon dating and genetic analyses on the purported Neanderthal mandible from the Monti Lessini (Italy)
, Scientific Reports 6: 29144 (2016)

Direct radiography in a case of biliary ileus
, Boletines y Trabajos de la Academia Argentina de Cirugia. Academia Argentina de Cirugia 31(6): 233 (1947)

Direct radiography in a case of biliary ileus
, Boletines y Trabajos de la Academia Argentina de Cirugia. Academia Argentina de Cirugia 31(7): 245-247 (1947)

Direct radiological demonstration of the pancreas
, La Radiologia Medica 38(7): 683 (1952)

Direct reciprocity and model-predictive rationality explain network reciprocity over social ties
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 5367 (2019)

Direct recognition of LPS drive TLR4 expressing CD8 + T cell activation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 933 (2017)

Direct recognition of homology between double helices of DNA in Neurospora crassa
, Nature Communications 5: 3509 (2014)

Direct reconstruction of two ultrashort pulses based on non-interferometric frequency-resolved optical gating
, Optics Express 29(4): 5166-5178 (2021)

Direct recording and molecular identification of the calcium channel of primary cilia
, Nature 504(7479): 315-318 (2013)

Direct recording of K and Na current-potential characteristics of squid axon membrane
, Nature 224(5224): 1116-1118 (1969)

Direct recording of oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve in vivo
, Nature 237(5351): 149-150 (1972)

Direct recordings of grid-like neuronal activity in human spatial navigation
, Nature Neuroscience 16(9): 1188-1190 (2013)

Direct referral and physical activity counselling upon discharge from spinal cord injury rehabilitation
, Spinal Cord 52(5): 392-395 (2014)

Direct referral day case oral surgery for dental practitioners: a pilot investigation
, British Dental Journal 186(7): 334-337 (1999)

Direct regioisomer analysis of crude reaction mixtures via molecular rotational resonance (MRR) spectroscopy
, Chemical Science 11(24): 6332-6338 (2020)

Direct regulation of FOXK1 by C-jun promotes proliferation, invasion and metastasis in gastric cancer cells
, Cell Death and Disease 7(11): E2480 (2016)

Direct regulation of TWIST by HIF-1alpha promotes metastasis
, Nature Cell Biology 10(3): 295-305 (2008)

Direct regulation of fibroblast growth factor 23 by energy intake through mTOR
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 1795 (2020)

Direct regulation of microRNA biogenesis and expression by estrogen receptor beta in hormone-responsive breast cancer
, Oncogene 31(38): 4196-4206 (2012)

Direct regulation of p53 by miR-142a-3p mediates the survival of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in zebrafish
, Cell Discovery 1: 15027 (2015)

Direct regulation of the centrosome duplication cycle by the p53-p21Waf1/Cip1 pathway
, Oncogene 20(25): 3173-3184 (2001)

Direct regulation of the natural competence regulator gene tfoX by cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cAMP receptor protein (CRP) in Vibrios
, Scientific Reports 5: 14921 (2015)

Direct regulatory effect of ketones on lipolysis and on glucose concentrations in man
, Nature 219(5149): 83-84 (1968)

Direct reimbursement--one company's experience
, Journal of the Massachusetts Dental Society 30(4): 209 (1981)

Direct reimbursement: an alternate system for employers to fund employees' dental benefits
, West Virginia Dental Journal 59(3): 9-12 (1985)

Direct relationship between increased expression and mistrafficking of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth-associated protein PMP22
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 295(34): 11963-11970 (2020)

Direct relationship between increased expression and mistrafficking of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth-associated protein PMP22
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 295(34): 11963-11970 (2020)

Direct relationship between the level of p53 stabilization induced by rRNA synthesis-inhibiting drugs and the cell ribosome biogenesis rate
, Oncogene 35(8): 977-989 (2016)

Direct renin inhibition and the kidney
, Nature Reviews. Nephrology 6(1): 49-55 (2010)

Direct repair of chronic pectoralis major tears in active duty military patients
, Journal of Orthopaedics 22: 458-462 (2020)

Direct repeat-mediated DNA deletion of the mating type MAT1-2 genes results in unidirectional mating type switching in Sclerotinia trifoliorum
, Scientific Reports 6: 27083 (2016)

Direct repeats in HSF binding sites
, Nature 344(6263): 204 (1990)

Direct replication of a glass micro Fresnel zone plate array by laser irradiation using an infrared transmissive mold
, Optics Express 28(12): 17468-17480 (2020)

Direct repression of the Mcl-1 promoter by E2F1
, Oncogene 21(9): 1359-1369 (2002)

Direct resorption of bone by human breast cancer cells in vitro
, Nature 276(5689): 726-728 (1978)

Direct retino-raphe projection alters serotonergic tone and affective behavior
, Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 38(7): 1163-1175 (2013)

Direct retrieval of isoprene from satellite-based infrared measurements
, Nature Communications 10(1): 3811 (2019)

Direct retroviral delivery of human cytochrome P450 2B6 for gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy of cancer
, Cancer Gene Therapy 8(7): 473-482 (2001)

Direct retrovirus-mediated gene transfer to the synovium of the rabbit knee: implications for arthritis gene therapy
, Gene Therapy 4(9): 977-982 (1997)

Direct reversible decarboxylation from stable organic acids in dimethylformamide solution
, Science 369(6503): 557-561 (2020)

Direct role for Myc in transcription initiation mediated by interactions with TFII-I
, Nature 365(6444): 359-361 (1993)

Direct sample introduction GC-MS/MS for quantification of organic chemicals in mammalian tissues and blood extracted with polymers without clean-up
, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 412(26): 7295-7305 (2020)

Direct sample preparation and simultaneous perfluoroacylation - Trimethylsilylation of biogenic monoamines along with their acidic metabolites for a single step analysis by GC-MS
, Analytica Chimica Acta 1127: 9-19 (2020)

Direct seawater desalination by ion concentration polarization
, Nature Nanotechnology 5(4): 297-301 (2010)

Direct sensing of systemic and nutritional signals by haematopoietic progenitors in Drosophila
, Nature Cell Biology 14(4): 394-400 (2012)

Direct sequence comparison of two divergent class I MHC natural killer cell receptor haplotypes
, Genes and Immunity 6(2): 71-83 (2005)

Direct sequencing of Arabidopsis thaliana RNA reveals patterns of cleavage and polyadenylation
, Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 19(8): 845-852 (2012)

Direct sequencing of measles virus complete genomes in the midst of a large-scale outbreak
, Plos one 16(9): E0255663 (2021)

Direct signal transduction via functional interferon-alphabeta receptors in CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells
, Leukemia 16(6): 1135-1142 (2002)

Direct signaling of TL1A-DR3 on fibroblasts induces intestinal fibrosis in vivo
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 18189 (2020)

Direct single-cell biomass estimates for marine bacteria via Archimedes' principle
, Isme Journal 11(3): 825-828 (2017)

Direct single-shot phase retrieval from the diffraction pattern of separated objects
, Nature Communications 7: 10820 (2016)

Direct small molecule ADaM-site AMPK activators reveal an AMPKγ3-independent mechanism for blood glucose lowering
, Molecular Metabolism 2021: 101259 (2021)

Direct small-molecule inhibitors of KRAS: from structural insights to mechanism-based design
, Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery 15(11): 771-785 (2016)

Direct solid sample analysis using synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy coupled with chemometric tools for the geographical discrimination of coffee samples
, Food Chemistry 371: 131063 (2021)

Direct solid-phase synthesis of molecular heterooligonuclear lanthanoid-complexes
, Nature Communications 11(1): 1346 (2020)

Direct solution-phase synthesis of 1T' WSe 2 nanosheets
, Nature Communications 10(1): 712 (2019)

Direct solvent free synthesis of bare α-NiS, β-NiS and α-β-NiS composite as excellent electrocatalysts: Effect of self-capping on supercapacitance and overall water splitting activity
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 3260 (2020)

Direct spectroscopic evidence for phase competition between the pseudogap and superconductivity in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O(8+δ)
, Nature Materials 14(1): 37-42 (2015)

Direct spectroscopic examination of electrophoretic zones in agar gel
, Nature 184(Suppl 6): 359-360 (1959)

Direct spinning and densification method for high-performance carbon nanotube fibers
, Nature Communications 10(1): 2962 (2019)

Direct splitting of water under visible light irradiation with an oxide semiconductor photocatalyst
, Nature 414(6864): 625-627 (2001)

Direct spontaneous high-flow carotid-cavernous fistula in a 9-month-old child after nasolacrimal duct repair
, Zhurnal Voprosy Neirokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko 84(3): 97-101 (2020)

Direct statistical inference for finite Markov jump processes via the matrix exponential
, Computational Statistics 2021: 1-25 (2021)

Direct stereoselective α-arylation of unmodified enals using an organocatalytic cross-coupling-like reaction
, Nature Communications 2: 524 (2011)

Direct stimulation of Bruton's tyrosine kinase by G(q)-protein alpha-subunit
, Nature 389(6648): 296-299 (1997)

Direct stimulation of Jak/STAT pathway by the angiotensin II AT1 receptor
, Nature 375(6528): 247-250 (1995)

Direct stimulation of angiotensin II type 2 receptor enhances spatial memory
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 32(2): 248-255 (2012)

Direct stimulation of receptor-controlled phospholipase D1 by phospho-cofilin
, Embo Journal 26(19): 4189-4202 (2007)

Direct stimulation of somatosensory cortex results in slower reaction times compared to peripheral touch in humans
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 3292 (2019)

Direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy with standard fluorescent probes
, Nature Protocols 6(7): 991-1009 (2011)

Direct structural connections between auditory and visual motion selective regions in humans
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 41(11): 2393-2405 (2021)

Direct structural evidence for a concerted allosteric transition in Escherichia coli aspartate transcarbamoylase
, Nature Structural Biology 8(5): 423-426 (2001)

Direct structural evidence of Indian continental subduction beneath Myanmar
, Nature Communications 11(1): 1944 (2020)

Direct structural localization of two toxin-recognition sites on an ACh receptor protein
, Nature 299(5878): 81-84 (1982)

Direct sunlight-driven enhanced photocatalytic performance of V 2 O 5 nanorods/ graphene oxide nanocomposites for the degradation of Victoria blue dye
, Environmental Research 2021: 111369 (2021)

Direct supercritical angle localization microscopy for nanometer 3D superresolution
, Nature Communications 12(1): 1180 (2021)

Direct superior approach for total hip arthroplasty
, Bone and Joint Journal 103-B(3): 500-506 (2021)

Direct suppression of CNS autoimmune inflammation via the cannabinoid receptor CB1 on neurons and CB2 on autoreactive T cells
, Nature Medicine 13(4): 492-497 (2007)

Direct suppression of autoreactive lymphocytes in the central nervous system via the CB2 receptor
, British Journal of Pharmacology 153(2): 271-276 (2008)

Direct suppression of human islet dedifferentiation, progenitor genes, but not epithelial to mesenchymal transition by liraglutide
, Heliyon 6(9): E04951 (2020)

Direct surface wetting sprinkler system to reduce the use of evaporative cooling pads in meat chicken production: indoor thermal environment, water usage, litter moisture content, live market weights, and mortalities
, Poultry Science 100(5): 101078 (2021)

Direct surface wetting sprinkler system to reduce the use of evaporative cooling pads in meat chicken production: indoor thermal environment, water usage, litter moisture content, live market weights, and mortalities
, Poultry Science 100(7): 101201 (2021)

Direct surgery of the coronary arteries
, La Presse Medicale 79(28): 1269-1272 (1971)

Direct surgery with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for patients with colorectal peritoneal metastases
, European Journal of Surgical Oncology: the Journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 2021 (2021)

Direct synthesis of 2-substituted benzonitriles via alkylcyanation of arynes with N,N-disubstituted aminomalononitriles
, Chemical Communications 56(55): 7641-7644 (2020)

Direct synthesis of Z-alkenyl halides through catalytic cross-metathesis
, Nature 531(7595): 459-465 (2016)

Direct synthesis of amides from nonactivated carboxylic acids using urea as nitrogen source and Mg(NO 3 ) 2 or imidazole as catalysts
, Chemical Science 11(22): 5808-5818 (2020)

Direct synthesis of anomeric tetrazolyl iminosugars from sugar-derived lactams
, Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry 17: 115-123 (2021)

Direct synthesis of formic acid from carbon dioxide by hydrogenation in acidic media
, Nature Communications 5: 4017 (2014)

Direct synthesis of graphitic mesoporous carbon from green phenolic resins exposed to subsequent UV and IR laser irradiations
, Scientific Reports 6: 39617 (2016)

Direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide from plasma-water interactions
, Scientific Reports 6: 38454 (2016)

Direct synthesis of imino-C-nucleoside analogues and other biologically active iminosugars
, Nature Communications 6: 6903 (2015)

Direct synthesis of indazole derivatives via Rh(III)-catalyzed C-H activation of phthalazinones and allenes
, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 19(35): 7701-7705 (2021)

Direct synthesis of metastable phases of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides
, Chemical Society Reviews 49(12): 3952-3980 (2020)

Direct synthesis of nanodiamonds by femtosecond laser irradiation of ethanol
, Scientific Reports 6: 33966 (2016)

Direct synthesis of nanostructured silver antimony sulfide powders from metal xanthate precursors
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 3053 (2021)

Direct synthesis of p -methyl benzaldehyde from acetaldehyde via an organic amine-catalyzed dehydrogenation mechanism
, Iscience 24(9): 103028 (2021)

Direct synthesis of pentasubstituted pyrroles and hexasubstituted pyrrolines from propargyl sulfonylamides and allenamides
, Chemical Science 12(26): 9162-9167 (2021)

Direct synthesis of single-walled aminoaluminosilicate nanotubes with enhanced molecular adsorption selectivity
, Nature Communications 5: 3342 (2014)

Direct synthesis of the organic and Ge free Al containing BOG zeolite (ITQ-47) and its application for transformation of biomass derived molecules
, Chemical Science 11(44): 12103-12108 (2020)

Direct synthetic routes to functionalised crown ethers
, Organic Chemistry Frontiers: An International Journal of Organic Chemistry 8(19): 5531-5549 (2021)

Direct targeting of HSP90 with daurisoline destabilizes β-catenin to suppress lung cancer tumorigenesis
, Cancer Letters 489: 66-78 (2020)

Direct targeting of SUZ12/ROCK2 by miR-200b/c inhibits cholangiocarcinoma tumourigenesis and metastasis
, British Journal of Cancer 109(12): 3092-3104 (2013)

Direct targeting of Sec23a by miR-200s influences cancer cell secretome and promotes metastatic colonization
, Nature Medicine 17(9): 1101-1108 (2011)

Direct targeting of TDP-43, from small molecules to biologics: the therapeutic landscape
, Rsc Chemical Biology 2(4): 1158-1166 (2021)

Direct targeting of fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 protein protects against renal ischemia reperfusion injury
, Kidney International 79(2): 179-188 (2011)

Direct targeting of hippocampal neurons for apoptosis by glucocorticoids is reversible by mineralocorticoid receptor activation
, Molecular Psychiatry 10(8): 790-798 (2005)

Direct targeting of the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus in deep brain stimulation for essential tremor: a prospective study with comparison to a historical cohort
, Journal of Neurosurgery 2021: 1-10 (2021)

Direct technique premolar coronal restorations: From metallic material to "complete adhesive restoration"
, Journal of Conservative Dentistry: Jcd 22(6): 568-572 (2019)

Direct terrestrial test of Lorentz symmetry in electrodynamics to 10(-18)
, Nature Communications 6: 8174 (2015)

Direct test of the FLRW metric from strongly lensed gravitational wave observations
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 11608 (2019)

Direct tetrazolium microplate assay (TEMA) for rapid drug susceptibility test screening of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
, Tropical Biomedicine 33(4): 814-823 (2016)

Direct theoretical evidence for weaker correlations in electron-doped and Hg-based hole-doped cuprates
, Scientific Reports 6: 33397 (2016)

Direct therapeutic targeting of immune checkpoint PD-1 in pancreatic cancer
, British Journal of Cancer 120(1): 88-96 (2019)

Direct thermal charging cell for converting low-grade heat to electricity
, Nature Communications 10(1): 4151 (2019)

Direct thermal neutron detection by the 2D semiconductor 6 LiInP 2 Se 6
, Nature 577(7790): 346-349 (2020)

Direct three-dimensional imaging for morphological analysis of electrospun fibers with laboratory-based Zernike X-ray phase-contrast computed tomography
, Materials Science and Engineering. C Materials for Biological Applications 115: 111045 (2020)

Direct thrombectomy for stroke in the presence of absolute exclusion criteria for thrombolysis
, Journal of Neurology 267(12): 3731-3740 (2020)

Direct thrombin inhibitors in cardiovascular disease
, Nature Reviews. Cardiology 9(7): 402-414 (2012)

Direct time delay computation applied to the O + O 2 exchange reaction at low energy: Lifetime spectrum of O 3 * species
, Journal of Chemical Physics 154(10): 104303 (2021)

Direct time-resolved detection and quantification of key reactive intermediates in diethyl ether oxidation at T = 450-600 K
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 22(42): 24649-24661 (2020)

Direct titration of calcium in blood serum
, Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 95(33): 2420-2422 (1951)

Direct titration of calcium in blood serum
, Nature 169(4308): 870-871 (1952)

Direct to Consumer Laboratory Testing (DTCT) - Opportunities and Concerns
, Ejifcc 32(2): 209-215 (2021)

Direct to Consumer Telemedicine: Is Healthcare From Home Best?
, Missouri Medicine 117(4): 303-309 (2020)

Direct to consumer genetic testing in Denmark-public knowledge, use, and attitudes
, European Journal of Human Genetics: Ejhg 2021 (2021)

Direct to consumer genetic tests
, European Journal of Human Genetics: Ejhg 17(9): 1111 (2009)

Direct tomography with chemical-bond contrast
, Nature Materials 10(7): 489-493 (2011)

Direct tooth-colored restorative materials: a comparative analysis of the fluorescence properties among different shades
, International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry 15(3): 318-332 (2020)

Direct transactivation of c-Ha-Ras gene by p53: evidence for its involvement in p53 transactivation activity and p53-mediated apoptosis
, Oncogene 19(51): 5831-5841 (2000)

Direct transarterial embolization via the deep circumflex iliac artery for a type II endoleak using a novel Onyx™ mixture
, Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2020(12): Rjaa526 (2020)

Direct transcatheter mitral valve implantation in severe mitral annular calcification: technique and evidence
, Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery 10(1): 183-185 (2021)

Direct transcriptional regulation of Bim by FoxO3a mediates STI571-induced apoptosis in Bcr-Abl-expressing cells
, Oncogene 24(14): 2317-2329 (2005)

Direct transcriptional regulation of MDM2 by Fli-1
, Oncogene 24(6): 962-969 (2005)

Direct transfection and activation of human cutaneous dendritic cells
, Gene Therapy 8(8): 608-617 (2001)

Direct transfer of a lysosomal enzyme from lymphoid cells to deficient fibroblasts
, Nature 291(5812): 244-247 (1981)

Direct transfer of classical non-separable states into hybrid entangled two photon states
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 7331 (2017)

Direct transfer of electron microscopy samples to wetted carbon and graphene films via a support floatation block
, Journal of Structural Biology 2020: 107677 (2020)

Direct transfer of extended groups from synthetic cofactors by DNA methyltransferases
, Nature Chemical Biology 2(1): 31-32 (2006)

Direct transfer of membrane proteins from bacteria to planar bilayers for rapid screening by single-channel recording
, Nature Chemical Biology 2(6): 314-318 (2006)

Direct transfer of tri- and di-fluoroethanol units enabled by radical activation of organosilicon reagents
, Nature Communications 11(1): 2756 (2020)

Direct transfer of whole genomes from bacteria to yeast
, Nature Methods 10(5): 410-412 (2013)

Direct transfer to angiosuite for patients with severe acute stroke treated with thrombectomy: the multicentre randomised controlled DIRECT ANGIO trial protocol
, Bmj Open 11(3): E040522 (2021)

Direct transformation of dinitrogen: synthesis of N -containing organic compounds via N-C bond formation
, National Science Review 7(10): 1564-1583 (2020)

Direct transformation of graphene to fullerene
, Nature Chemistry 2(6): 450-453 (2010)

Direct transmission of Rickettsia prowazeki to mouse lungs from the human sternal marrow
, Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe de Biologie et de Ses Filiales 139: 696 (1945)

Direct transparotid approach via a modified mini-preauricular incision for open reduction and internal fixation of subcondylar fractures
, Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 47(4): 327-334 (2021)

Direct treatment of interaction between laser-field and electrons for simulating laser processing of metals
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 14626 (2021)

Direct tumor recognition by a human CD4(+) T-cell subset potently mediates tumor growth inhibition and orchestrates anti-tumor immune responses
, Scientific Reports 5: 14896 (2015)

Direct tuning of graphene work function via chemical vapor deposition control
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 9870 (2020)

Direct ultrasensitive electrochemical biosensing of pathogenic DNA using homogeneous target-initiated transcription amplification
, Scientific Reports 6: 18810 (2016)

Direct uptake of sphingosine-1-phosphate independent of phospholipid phosphatases
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 202(1): 100605 (2021)

Direct vascular channels connect skull bone marrow and the brain surface enabling myeloid cell migration
, Nature Neuroscience 21(9): 1209-1217 (2018)

Direct vascular effects of agents used in the pharmacotherapy of cerebrovascular disease on isolated cerebral vessels
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 1(1): 117-128 (1981)

Direct vasopressor effect of recombinant human erythropoietin on renal resistance vessels
, Kidney International 39(2): 259-265 (1991)

Direct verbal suggestibility: Measurement and significance
, Consciousness and Cognition 89: 103036 (2021)

Direct versus Bridging Mechanical Thrombectomy in Elderly Patients with Acute Large Vessel Occlusion: A Multicenter Cohort Study
, Clinical Interventions in Aging 16: 1265-1274 (2021)

Direct versus indirect effects of human activities on dissolved organic matter in highly impacted lakes
, Science of the Total Environment 752: 141839 (2021)

Direct view of a dark and distant world
, Nature 445(7130): 803 (2007)

Direct visualisation of drug-efflux in live Escherichia coli cells
, Fems Microbiology Reviews 44(6): 782-792 (2020)

Direct visualization and characterization of the human zona incerta and surrounding structures
, Human brain mapping 41(16): 4500-4517 (2020)

Direct visualization and profiling of protein misfolding and aggregation in live cells
, Current Opinion in Chemical Biology 64: 116-123 (2021)

Direct visualization and quantitative analysis of water diffusion in complex biological tissues using CARS microscopy
, Scientific Reports 3: 2745 (2013)

Direct visualization of Bcl-2 family protein interactions using live cell fluorescent protein redistribution assays
, Cell Death and Disease 3: E288 (2012)

Direct visualization of DNA baton pass between replication factors bound to PCNA
, Scientific Reports 8(1): 16209 (2018)

Direct visualization of HIV-enhancing endogenous amyloid fibrils in human semen
, Nature Communications 5: 3508 (2014)

Direct visualization of a Fe(IV)-OH intermediate in a heme enzyme
, Nature Communications 7: 13445 (2016)

Direct visualization of a guest-triggered crystal deformation based on a flexible ultramicroporous framework
, Nature Communications 4: 2534 (2013)

Direct visualization of a molecular handshake that governs kin recognition and tissue formation in myxobacteria
, Nature Communications 10(1): 3073 (2019)

Direct visualization of an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct: A premalignant lesion of bile duct cancer
, Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver 2020 (2020)

Direct visualization of both DNA and RNA quadruplexes in human cells via an uncommon spectroscopic method
, Scientific Reports 6: 32141 (2016)

Direct visualization of botulinum neurotoxin-induced channels in phospholipid vesicles
, Nature 364(6440): 827-830 (1993)

Direct visualization of charge transport in suspended (or free-standing) DNA strands by low-energy electron microscopy
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 8889 (2019)

Direct visualization of critical hydrogen atoms in a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate enzyme
, Nature Communications 8(1): 955 (2017)

Direct visualization of current-induced spin accumulation in topological insulators
, Nature Communications 9(1): 2492 (2018)

Direct visualization of de novo lipogenesis in single living cells
, Scientific Reports 4: 6807 (2014)

Direct visualization of dislocation dynamics in grain-boundary scars
, Nature Materials 4(5): 407-411 (2005)

Direct visualization of dispersed lipid bicontinuous cubic phases by cryo-electron tomography
, Nature Communications 6: 8915 (2015)

Direct visualization of drug behaviors in the upper GI tract via magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy
, Videogie: An Official Video Journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 6(7): 333-338 (2021)

Direct visualization of epithelial microvilli biogenesis
, Current Biology: Cb 2021 (2021)

Direct visualization of flow-induced conformational transitions of single actin filaments in entangled solutions
, Nature Communications 5: 5060 (2014)

Direct visualization of human myosin II force generation using DNA origami-based thick filaments
, Communications Biology 2: 437 (2019)

Direct visualization of human myosin II force generation using DNA origami-based thick filaments
, Communications Biology 2(1): 437 (2019)

Direct visualization of large-area graphene domains and boundaries by optical birefringency
, Nature Nanotechnology 7(1): 29-34 (2011)

Direct visualization of ligand-protein interactions using atomic force microscopy
, British Journal of Pharmacology 135(8): 1943-1950 (2002)

Direct visualization of local activities of long DNA strands via image-time correlation
, European Biophysics Journal: Ebj 2021 (2021)

Direct visualization of magnetoelectric domains
, Nature Materials 13(2): 163-167 (2014)

Direct visualization of microtubules using a genetic tool to analyse radial progenitor-astrocyte continuum in brain
, Nature Communications 2: 446 (2011)

Direct visualization of mouse brain oxygen distribution by electron paramagnetic resonance imaging: application to focal cerebral ischemia
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 29(10): 1695-1703 (2009)

Direct visualization of newly synthesized target proteins in situ
, Nature Methods 12(5): 411-414 (2015)

Direct visualization of phase transition dynamics in binary supported phospholipid bilayers using imaging ellipsometry
, Soft Matter 4(6): 1161-1164 (2008)

Direct visualization of phase-matched efficient second harmonic and broadband sum frequency generation in hybrid plasmonic nanostructures
, Light Science and Applications 9: 180 (2020)

Direct visualization of photo-induced disulfide through oxidative coupling of para -aminothiophenol
, Chemical Communications 57(34): 4190-4193 (2021)

Direct visualization of protein interactions in plant cells
, Nature Biotechnology 19(8): 769-772 (2001)

Direct visualization of reversible dynamics in a Si₆ cluster embedded in a graphene pore
, Nature Communications 4: 1650 (2013)

Direct visualization of secondary structures of F-actin by electron cryomicroscopy
, Nature 467(7316): 724-728 (2010)

Direct visualization of spatially correlated displacive short-range ordering in Nb 0.8 CoSb
, Nanoscale 12(42): 21624-21628 (2020 )

Direct visualization of specifically modified extracellular glycans in living animals
, Nature Methods 9(5): 477-479 (2012)

Direct visualization of the Jahn-Teller effect coupled to Na ordering in Na5/8MnO2
, Nature Materials 13(6): 586-592 (2014)

Direct visualization of the co-transcriptional assembly of a nuclear body by noncoding RNAs
, Nature Cell Biology 13(1): 95-101 (2011)

Direct visualization of the complete evolution of femtosecond laser-induced surface structural dynamics of metals
, Light Science and Applications 6(3): E16256 (2017)

Direct visualization of the conformational change of FUS/TLS upon binding to promoter-associated non-coding RNA
, Chemical Communications 56(64): 9134-9137 (2020)

Direct visualization of the effect of DNA structure and ionic conditions on HU-DNA interactions
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 18492 (2021)

Direct visualization of the extracellular binding structure of E-cadherins in liquid
, Scientific Reports 10(1): 17044 (2020)

Direct visualization of the protein corona using carbon nanodots as a specific contrasting agent
, Chemical Communications 56(88): 13599-13602 (2020)

Direct visualization of the syndesmosis for evaluation of syndesmotic disruption: A cadaveric study
, Ota International: the Open Access Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 1(2): E006 (2018)

Direct visualization of virus removal process in hollow fiber membrane using an optical microscope
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 1095 (2021)

Direct visuomotor transformations for reaching
, Nature 416(6881): 632-636 (2002)

Direct voluntary control of pupil constriction and dilation: Exploratory evidence from pupillometry, optometry, skin conductance, perception, and functional MRI
, International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology 2021 (2021)

Direct vs Indirect Grafting of Alkyl and Aryl Halides
, Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 2021 (2021)

Direct vs preimplantation balloon valvuloplasty in transcatheter aortic valve replacement-Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective-matched cohorts
, Journal of Cardiac Surgery 35(7): 1498-1507 (2020)

Direct wavefront sensing enables functional imaging of infragranular axons and spines
, Nature Methods 16(7): 615-618 (2019)

Direct wavefront sensing for high-resolution in vivo imaging in scattering tissue
, Nature Communications 6: 7276 (2015)

Direct whole blood analysis by the antigen-antibody chemically-delayed dissociation from nanosensors arrays
, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 170: 112658 (2020)

Direct withdrawal of a knife lodged in the thoracic spinal canal in a patient with normal neurologic examination: is it safe?
, Spinal Cord Series and Cases 2: 16009 (2016)

Direct write printing of a self-encapsulating liquid metal-silicone composite
, Soft Matter 16(28): 6608-6618 (2020)

Direct writing of colloidal suspensions onto inclined surfaces: Optimizing dispense volume for homogeneous structures
, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 597: 137-148 (2021)

Direct writing of electronic devices on graphene oxide by catalytic scanning probe lithography
, Nature Communications 3: 1194 (2012)

Direct writing of graphene patterns on insulating substrates under ambient conditions
, Scientific Reports 4: 4892 (2014)

Direct x-ray inactivation of the viruses of Teschen and Talfan diseases, foot-and-mouth disease and vesicular stomatitis
, Nature 207(992): 37-39 (1965)

Direct α-C-H bond functionalization of unprotected cyclic amines
, Nature Chemistry 10(2): 165-169 (2018)

Direct α-alkylation of primary aliphatic amines enabled by CO 2 and electrostatics
, Nature Chemistry 10(10): 1037-1041 (2018)

Direct β- and γ-C(sp 3 )-H Alkynylation of Free Carboxylic Acids*
, Angewandte Chemie 59(51): 23127-23131 (2020)

Direct, Competitive Comparison of Linear, Monocyclic, and Bicyclic Libraries Using mRNA Display
, Acs Combinatorial Science 22(6): 306-310 (2020)

Direct, Mediated, and Delayed Intramolecular Singlet Fission Mechanism in Donor-Acceptor Copolymers
, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 11(22): 9788-9794 (2020)

Direct, Percutaneous, Cervical Thoracic Duct Access under Ultrasound Guidance
, Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: Jvir 31(9): 1499-1501 (2020)

Direct, convergent hypersensitivity of calcium-activated force generation produced by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutant alpha-tropomyosins in adult cardiac myocytes
, Nature Medicine 5(12): 1413-1417 (1999)

Direct, enantioselective α-alkylation of aldehydes using simple olefins
, Nature Chemistry 9(11): 1073-1077 (2017)

Direct, gabapentin-insensitive interaction of a soluble form of the calcium channel subunit α 2 δ-1 with thrombospondin-4
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 16272 (2019)

Direct, live imaging of cortical spreading depression and anoxic depolarisation using a fluorescent, voltage-sensitive dye
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 28(2): 251-262 (2008)

Direct, long-term intrathecal application of therapeutics to the rodent CNS
, Nature Protocols 12(1): 104-131 (2017)

Direct, rapid antimicrobial susceptibility test from positive blood cultures based on microscopic imaging analysis
, Scientific Reports 7(1): 1148 (2017)

Direct, remote and combined ischemic conditioning in liver surgery
, World Journal of Hepatology 13(5): 533-542 (2021)

Direct, stereoselective thioglycosylation enabled by an organophotoredox radical strategy
, Chemical Science 11(48): 13079-13084 (2020)

Direct-Acting Anticoagulants in Decompensated Cirrhosis: Preliminary Evidence?
, Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology: the Official Clinical Practice Journal of the American Gastroenterological Association 2020 (2020)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Agents Reduce the Risk of Malignant Transformation of Hepatobiliary Phase-Hypointense Nodule without Arterial Phase Hyperenhancement to Hepatocellular Carcinoma on Gd-EOB-DPTA-Enhanced Imaging in the Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Liver
, Liver Cancer 9(3): 261-274 (2020)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Drugs and Occurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Unjust or Oppressed
, Infection and Drug Resistance 13: 1873-1880 (2020)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy Outcomes in Canadian Chronic Hepatitis C Telemedicine Patients
, Annals of Hepatology 16(6): 874-880 (2017)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy and Hepatocellular Carcinoma
, Clinical Liver Disease 17(6): 414-417 (2021)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy and Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C
, Gut and Liver 15(3): 327-328 (2021)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Infection in a Large Immigrant Community
, Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 21(3): 549-554 (2019)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Fulfilling the Potential on the Road to Elimination
, Journal of Infectious Diseases 222(Supplement_9): S741-S744 (2020)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy in Liver Transplant Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Hepatitis C
, Transplantation Direct 7(1): E635 (2021)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Treatment Use Remains low among Florida Medicaid Beneficiaries with Chronic Hepatitis C
, Hepatology Communications 5(2): 203-216 (2021)

Direct-Acting Antiviral Treatment for Hepatitis C Genotypes Uncommon in High-Income Countries: A Dutch Nationwide Cohort Study
, Open Forum Infectious Diseases 8(2): Ofab006 (2021)

Direct-Acting Antivirals and Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Vasculitis: Long-Term Outcome of Patients Achieving HCV Eradication
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 112(11): 1753-1754 (2017)

Direct-Acting Antivirals and Organ Transplantation: Is There Anything We Can't Do?
, Journal of Infectious Diseases 222(Supplement_9): S794-S801 (2020)

Direct-Acting Antivirals in the Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)/Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Co-infected Patients: Real-Life Experience From Nepal
, Cureus 13(6): E15932 (2021)

Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs) in Cirrhosis and Cirrhosis-Associated Portal Vein Thrombosis
, Seminars in Liver Disease 39(2): 195-208 (2019)

Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulants Versus Warfarin in Medicare Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Atrial Fibrillation
, Stroke 51(8): 2364-2373 (2020)

Direct-Contact Low-Frequency Ultrasound and Pulse Lavage Eradicates Biofilms on Implant Materials In Vitro
, Evidence-BasedComplementaryandAlternativeMedicine:Ecam2021:1562605 (2021)

Direct-Coupled Electroretinogram (DC-ERG) for Recording the Light-Evoked Electrical Responses of the Mouse Retinal Pigment Epithelium
, Journal of Visualized Experiments: Jove 2020(161) (2020)

Direct-Deposited Graphene Oxide on Dental Implants for Antimicrobial Activities and Osteogenesis
, International Journal of Nanomedicine 16: 5745-5754 (2021)

Direct-MS analysis of antibody-antigen complexes
, Proteomics 2021: E2000300 (2021)

Direct-Observation Cohort Study of Shared Decision Making in a Primary Care Clinic
, Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making 40(6): 756-765 (2020)

Direct-PCR from rectal swabs and environmental reservoirs: A fast and efficient alternative to detect bla OXA-48 carbapenemase genes in an Enterobacter cloacae outbreak setting
, Environmental Research 2021: 111808 (2021)

Direct-Space Structure Determination of Covalent Organic Frameworks from 3D Electron Diffraction Data
, Angewandte Chemie 59(50): 22638-22644 (2020)

Direct-TRI: High-throughput RNA-extracting Method for All Stages of Zebrafish Development
, Bio-Protocol11(17):E4136 (2021)

Direct-To-Consumer Orthodontics
, Journal of the American Dental Association 152(1): 9-10 (2021)

Direct-To-Consumer Telemedicine Visits for Acute Respiratory Infections linked to more Downstream Visits
, Health Affairs 40(4): 596-602 (2021)

Direct-Write Deposition of Thermogels
, Methods in Molecular Biology 2147: 137-142 (2021)

Direct-Write Fabrication of Cellulose Nano-Structures via Focused Electron Beam Induced Nanosynthesis
, Scientific Reports 6: 32451 (2016)

Direct-access genetic testing: the view from Europe
, Nature Reviews. Genetics 12(10): 670 (2011)

Direct-access to sonographic diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis in general practice: a descriptive cohort study
, Bmc Family Practice 21(1): 195 (2020)

Direct-acting Antiviral Regimens for Patients with Chronic Infection of Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 3 in China
, Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology 9(3): 419-427 (2021)

Direct-acting Antiviral Therapy Improves the Outcome of Chronic Hepatitis C/intermediate-stage B Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients
, Anticancer Research 41(4): 2007-2016 (2021)

Direct-acting Antivirals Improved the Quality of Life, Ameliorated Disease-related Symptoms, and Augmented Muscle Volume Three Years Later in Patients with Hepatitis C Virus
, Internal Medicine 59(21): 2653-2660 (2020)

Direct-acting Oral Anticoagulants in Dermatologic Surgery
, Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas 111(5): 357-363 (2020)

Direct-acting antiviral agents and risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma: critical appraisal of the evidence
, Annals of Hepatology 2021: 100568 (2021)

Direct-acting antiviral agents decrease haemoglobin A1c level in patients with diabetes infected with hepatitis C virus: A systematic review & meta-analysis
, Indian Journal of Medical Research 152(6): 562-567 (2020)

Direct-acting antiviral agents for HCV infection affecting people who inject drugs
, Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology and Hepatology 14(11): 641-651 (2017)

Direct-acting antiviral agents for hepatitis C: structural and mechanistic insights
, Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology and Hepatology 13(6): 338-351 (2016)

Direct-acting antiviral regimens in Egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: A real-world single-center experience
, Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology 2021 (2021)

Direct-acting antiviral therapy improves kidney survival in hepatitis C virus-associated cryoglobulinaemia: the RENALCRYOGLOBULINEMIC study
, Clinical Kidney Journal 14(2): 586-592 (2021)

Direct-acting antiviral treatments display excellent outcomes even in older HCV-infected patients at increased risk of fibrosis
, Annals of Translational Medicine 9(10): 847 (2021)

Direct-acting antivirals ability to clear intestinal HCV-RNA in liver transplant patients
, Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society 22(5): E13345 (2020)

Direct-acting antivirals for paediatric HCV: we got there
, Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology and Hepatology 14(8): 452-453 (2017)

Direct-acting antivirals restore systemic redox homeostasis in chronic HCV patients
, Free Radical Biology and Medicine 156: 200-206 (2020)

Direct-acting antivirals trigger a favorable, sustained virological response in patients with chronic hepatitis C infections and hepatocellular carcinoma
, Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36(2): 286-287 (2021)

Direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in pregnancy: new insight from Vigi Base ®
, Scientific Reports 9(1): 7236 (2019)

Direct-acting oral anticoagulants versus warfarin in relation to risk of gastrointestinal bleeding: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
, Annals of Gastroenterology 34(5): 651-659 (2021)

Direct-bandgap emission from hexagonal Ge and SiGe alloys
, Nature 580(7802): 205-209 (2020)

Direct-bandgap properties and evidence for ultraviolet lasing of hexagonal boron nitride single crystal
, Nature Materials 3(6): 404-409 (2004)

Direct-current electric field effect on the viability of HeLa cell line
, Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 2020: 1-8 (2020)

Direct-current generators based on conductive polymers for self-powered flexible devices
, Scientific Reports 11(1): 20258 (2021)

Direct-current potentials in the human brain evoked during timed cognitive performance
, Nature 227(5262): 1057-1058 (1970)

Direct-current triboelectricity generation by a sliding Schottky nanocontact on MoS 2 multilayers
, Nature Nanotechnology 13(2): 112-116 (2018)

Direct-current voltages in (Ga,Mn)As structures induced by ferromagnetic resonance
, Nature Communications 4: 2055 (2013)

Direct-drive laser fusion: status, plans and future
, Philosophical Transactions. Series A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 379(2189): 20200011 (2021)

Direct-from-sputum rapid phenotypic drug susceptibility test for mycobacteria
, Plos one 15(8): E0238298 (2020)

Direct-indirect character of the bandgap in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite
, Nature Materials 16(1): 115-120 (2017)

Direct-ink-write printing of hydrogels using dilute inks
, Iscience 24(4): 102319 (2021)

Direct-laser-written integrated mid-IR directional couplers in a BGG glass
, Optics Express 29(6): 8531-8541 (2021)

Direct-on-Target Microdroplet Growth Assay Applications for Clinical Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing
, Infection and Drug Resistance 14: 1423-1425 (2021)

Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Ancestry Testing in Clinical Encounters: Perspectives From Psychotherapy Cases
, Jmir Mental Health 7(11): E23596 (2020)

Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing for Domestic Cats
, Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice 50(5): 991-1000 (2020)

Direct-to-Consumer Marketing for Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Impact of Language and Messenger
, Journal of Child and Family Studies 29(1): 71-81 (2020)

Direct-to-Consumer Online Prescribing: Opportunities and Risks for Clinical Nurse Specialist Practice
, Clinical Nurse Specialist Cns 35(4): 164-166 (2021)

Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction in Patients Undergoing Post-Mastectomy Radiotherapy
, Annals of Surgical Oncology 27(Suppl 3): 919-920 (2020)

Direct-to-Patient Teledermatology During COVID-19 Lockdown in a Health District in Madrid, Spain: The EVIDE-19 Pilot Study
, Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas 112(4): 345-353 (2021)

Direct-to-consumer digital health
, LANCET. Digital Health 2(4): E163-E165 (2020)