Section 72
Chapter 71,638

Temporal trends in stroke incidence and case-fatality rates in Arcadia, Greece: a sequential, prospective, population-based study

Karantali, E.; Vemmos, K.; Tsampalas, E.; Xynos, K.; Karachalia, P.; Lambrou, D.; Angeloglou, S.; Kazakou, M.; Karagianni, A.; Aravantinou-Fatorou, K.; Karakatsani, E.; Bots, M.L.; Karamatzianni, G.; Bellos, S.; Ntiloudis, R.; Lypiridou, M.; Gamvoula, A.; Georgiopoulos, G.; Ajdini, E.; Gatselis, N.; Makaritsis, K.; Korompoki, E.; Ntaios, G.

International Journal of Stroke Official Journal of the International Stroke Society 17(1): 37-47


ISSN/ISBN: 1747-4949
PMID: 33527879
DOI: 10.1177/1747493021995594
Accession: 071637776

Download citation:  

Stroke incidence and case-fatality are reported to decline in high-income countries during the last decades. Epidemiological studies are important for health services to organize prevention and treatment strategies. The aim of this population-based study was to determine temporal trends of stroke incidence and case-fatality rates of first-ever stroke in Arcadia, a prefecture in southern Greece. All first-ever stroke cases in the Arcadia prefecture were ascertained using the same standard criteria and multiple overlapping sources in three study periods: from November 1993 to October 1995; 2004; and 2015-2016. Crude and age-adjusted to European population incidence rates were compared using Poisson regression. Twenty-eight days case fatality rates were estimated and compared using the same method. In total, 1315 patients with first-ever stroke were identified. The age-standardized incidence to the European population was 252 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI 231-239) in 1993/1995, 252 (95% CI 223-286) in 2004, and 211 (192-232) in 2015/2016. The overall age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates fell by 16% (incidence rates ratio 0.84, 95% CI: 0.72-0.97). Similarly, 28-day case-fatality rate decreased by 28% (case fatality rate ratio = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.58-0.90). This population-based study reports a significant decline in stroke incidence and mortality rates in southern Greece between 1993 and 2016.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90