Effect of the NMDA antagonist MK-801 on local cerebral blood flow in focal cerebral ischaemia in the rat

Park, C.K.; Nehls, D.G.; Teasdale, G.M.; McCulloch, J.

Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 9(5): 617-622


ISSN/ISBN: 0271-678X
PMID: 2674169
DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.1989.88
Accession: 071659034

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The effects of MK-801 upon local CBF after permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion have been examined using [14C]iodoantipyrine autoradiography in halothane-anaesthetised rats. MK-801 (0.5 mg kg-1 i.v.) or saline was administered 30 min before MCA occlusion and CBF measured approximately 40 min after occlusion. In the hemisphere contralateral to the occluded MCA, MK-801 significantly reduced local CBF in 19 of the 22 regions examined from the levels in saline-treated rats. In the contralateral hemisphere, after treatment with MK-801, blood flow was reduced by an average of 37% with little variation in the magnitude of the reductions in different regions. In the hemisphere ipsilateral to MCA occlusion, MK-801 reduced CBF in almost every region located outside the territory of the occluded MCA. Within the territory of the occluded MCA, blood flow in the MK-801-treated rat did not significantly differ from values in vehicle-treated rats in any of the five cortical areas examined, although in the caudate nucleus there was a tendency for CBF to be lower in rats pretreated with MK-801. MK-801 had no effect on the amount of hypoperfused cerebral tissue (CBF less than 30 ml 100 g-1 min-1) in the ipsilateral hemisphere at any coronal plane examined; e.g., at coronal plane anterior 7.2 mm, 51 +/- 5% of the hemisphere displayed CBF of less than 30 ml 100 g-1 min-1 in saline-treated rats with MCA occlusion compared with 52 +/- 8% of the hemisphere in rats treated with MK-801 prior to MCA occlusion.