Section 72
Chapter 71,662

Effectiveness of Kanna photoscreener in detecting amblyopia risk factors

Murali, K.; Krishna, V.; Krishna, V.; Kumari, B.; Raveendra Murthy, S.; Vidhya, C.; Shah, P.

Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 69(8): 2045-2049


ISSN/ISBN: 1998-3689
PMID: 34304175
Accession: 071661514

Amblyopia is a significant public health problem. Photoscreeners have been shown to have significant potential for screening; however, most are limited by cost and display low accuracy. The purpose of this study was validate a novel artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning-based facial photoscreener "Kanna," and to determine its effectiveness in detecting amblyopia risk factors. A prospective study that included 654 patients aged below 18 years was conducted in our outpatient clinic. Using an android smartphone, three images of each the participants' face were captured by trained optometrists in dark and ambient light conditions and uploaded onto Kanna. Deep learning was used to create an amblyopia risk score based on our previous study. The algorithm generates a risk dashboard consisting of six values: five normalized risk scores for ptosis, strabismus, hyperopia, myopia and media opacities; and one binary value denoting if a child is "at-risk" or "not at-risk." The presence of amblyopia risk factors (ARF) as determined on the ophthalmic examination was compared with the Kanna photoscreener. Correlated patient data for 654 participants were analyzed. The mean age of the study population was 7.87 years. The algorithm had an F-score, 85.9%; accuracy, 90.8%; sensitivity, 83.6%; specificity, 94.5%; positive predictive value, 88.4%; and negative predictive value, 91.9% in identifying amblyopia risk factors. The P value for the amblyopia risk calculation was 8.5 × 10-142 implying strong statistical significance. The Kanna photo-based screener that uses deep learning to analyze photographs is an effective alternative for screening children for amblyopia risk factors.

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