Er,Cr:YSGG Laser in the Debonding of Feldspathic Porcelain Veneers: An in Vitro Study of two Different Fluences

Giraldo-Cifuentes, H.; España-Tost, A.; Arnabat-Dominguez, J.

Photobiomodulation Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 38(10): 640-645

2020


ISSN/ISBN: 2578-5478
PMID: 32758060
DOI: 10.1089/photob.2019.4752
Accession: 071715964

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Abstract
Background: New applications in laser technology in aesthetic restorative dentistry merit further research. This study compares the debonding strength and failure mode of feldspathic ceramic veneers using either Er,Cr:YSGG (erbium,chromium:ytrrium-scandium-gallium-garnet) laser at two levels of fluency or no laser (control group). Methods: An in vitro comparative study was carried out using bovine teeth that were randomly distributed into 3 groups of 21 specimens each: (a) experimental group 1 (EG1): irradiated with Er,Cr:YSGG (Waterlase iPlus®; Biolase, Irvine) at an energy density per pulse of 4 J/cm2, using a handpiece (Turbo; Biolase) with a sapphire tip (MX7) and applying the beam perpendicular to the specimen at a distance of 4 mm for 60 sec; (b) experimental group 2 (EG2): irradiated as in EG1, but at 2.7 J/cm2; and (c) control group (CG): debonding without laser irradiation. Results: The stress required for veneer debonding was 8.19 MPa in CG, 0.91 MPa in EG1, and 0.48 MPa in EG2. The difference between the control and both experimental groups was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The percentages of adhesive failure were 40%, 61.9%, and 96%, respectively. Conclusions: Using the Er,Cr:YSGG laser at 4 or 2.7 J/cm2 requires significantly less force to debond ceramic veneers. The percentage of adhesive failures in the two experimental protocols was higher than in the control group. Application of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser using the parameters in this study may be useful in removing feldspathic ceramic veneers, avoiding damaging them and protecting the enamel.