High-frequency spinal cord stimulation treatment attenuates the increase in spinal glutamate release and spinal miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents in rats with spared nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain

Liao, W.-T.; Tseng, C.-C.; Chia, W.-T.; Lin, C.-R.

Brain Research Bulletin 164: 307-313

2020


ISSN/ISBN: 1873-2747
PMID: 32937185
DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2020.09.005
Accession: 071878062

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Abstract
High-frequency spinal cord stimulation (HFSCS) at 10 kHz provides paresthesia-free treatment for chronic pain. However, the underlying mechanisms of its action have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of HFSCS treatment on spinal glutamate release and uptake in spared nerve injury (SNI) rats. HFSCS was applied to the T10/T11 spinal cord 3 days after SNI. The concentration of spinal glutamate, glutamate transporter activity and miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) from neurons in lamina II were evaluated. HFSCS treatment alleviated SNI pain induced by mechanical and cold allodynia. HFSCS treatment also partially restored altered spinal glutamate uptake activity, the levels of spinal glutamate, and the frequency of mEPSCs following SNI. In conclusion, HFSCS treatment attenuated SNI-induced neuropathic pain and partially restored the altered glutamate uptake after SNI.