How to Discriminate Lung Cancer from Benign Pulmonary Nodules and Masses? Usefulness of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Apparent Diffusion Coefficient and Inside/Wall Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Ratio
Usuda, K.; Iwai, S.; Yamagata, A.; Iijima, Y.; Motono, N.; Doai, M.; Matoba, M.; Hirata, K.; Uramoto, H.
Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology 15: 11795549211014863
Although diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is useful for differential diagnosis between lung cancers and benign pulmonary nodules and masses (BPNMs), it is difficult to differentiate pulmonary abscesses from lung cancers because pulmonary abscesses show restricted diffusion. With this research we will present how to assess the total apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and inside/wall ADC ratio for these pulmonary nodules and masses (PNMs). The pulmonary lesions were divided into next 3 groups. There were 40 lung cancers, 41 inflammatory benign PNMs (mycobacteria disease 13, pneumonia 12, pulmonary abscess 10, other 6) and 7 noninflammatory benign PNMs. Definitions were as follows: wall ADC = ADC value in outer one-third of the lesion; inside ADC = ADC value in central two-thirds of the lesion: inside/wall ADC ratio = ratio of inside ADC/wall ADC. Mean total ADC (1.26 ± 0.32 × 10-3 mm2/s) of the lung cancers was remarkably lower than that (1.53 ± 0.53) of the BPNMs. The mean total ADC values were 1.26 ± 0.32 in lung cancer, 1.45 ± 0.47 in inflammatory BPNM and 2.04 ± 0.63 in noninflammatory BPNM, and there were significant differences among them. The mean inside ADC value (1.33 ± 0.32) of the lung cancers was remarkably higher than that (0.94 ± 0.42) of the pulmonary abscesses. The mean inside/wall ADC ratio (1.20 ± 0.28) of the lung cancers was remarkably higher than that (0.74 ± 0.14) of the pulmonary abscesses. Although ADC of DWI could differentiate lung cancer from BPNM, the inside/wall ADC ratio of DWI is efficient for differentiation between lung cancer and lung abscess. The inside/wall ADC ratio of DWI strengthens a weak point of DWI.