Inhibitory potential of repurposed drugs against the SARS-CoV-2 main protease: a computational-aided approach
Fadaka, A.Oluwaseun.; Aruleba, R.Taiwo.; Sibuyi, N.Remaliah.Samantha.; Klein, A.; Madiehe, A.Madimabe.; Meyer, M.
Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 2020: 1-13
The exponential increase in cases and mortality of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has called for a need to develop drugs to treat this infection. Using in silico and molecular docking approaches, this study investigated the inhibitory effects of Pradimicin A, Lamivudine, Plerixafor and Lopinavir against SARS-CoV-2 Mpro. ADME/Tox of the ligands, pharmacophore hypothesis of the co-crystalized ligand and the receptor, and docking studies were carried out on different modules of Schrodinger (2019-4) Maestro v12.2. Among the ligands subjected to ADME/Tox by QikProp, Lamivudine demonstrated drug-like physico-chemical properties. A total of five pharmacophore binding sites (A3, A4, R9, R10, and R11) were predicted from the co-crystalized ligand and the binding cavity of the SARS-CoV-2 Mpro. The docking result showed that Lopinavir and Lamivudine bind with a higher affinity and lower free energy than the standard ligand having a glide score of -9.2 kcal/mol and -5.3 kcal/mol, respectively. Plerixafor and Pradimicin A have a glide score of -3.7 kcal/mol and -2.4 kcal/mol, respectively, which is lower than the co-crystallized ligand with a glide score of -5.3 kcal/mol. Molecular dynamics confirmed that the ligands maintained their interaction with the protein with lower RMSD fluctuations over the trajectory period of 100 nsecs and that GLU166 residue is pivotal for binding. On the whole, present study specifies the repurposing aptitude of these molecules as inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro with higher binding scores and forms energetically stable complexes with Mpro. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.