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Insect hypersensitivity beyond bee and wasp venom allergy

Insect hypersensitivity beyond bee and wasp venom allergy

Allergologie Select 4: 97-104

ISSN/ISBN: 2512-8957

PMID: 33275648

The bites of blood-feeding insects regularly induce sensitization to salivary proteins and cause local hypersensitivity reactions in over 90% of the population, representing either an IgE-mediated immediate wheal and flare reaction or a T cell-driven delayed papule. Long-lasting large local reactions and bullous reactions may cause significant discomfort and reduction in quality-of-life. Anaphylaxis is rarely reported though proven for several insects, above all mosquitoes, horse flies, and kissing bugs. Recently, salivary gland proteins have been thoroughly studied in some blood-feeding insect species, and several allergens have been identified. Interestingly, many of them belong to the same protein families as the well-known honeybee and wasp venom allergens (phospholipases, hyaluronidases, antigens 5, serine proteases) though sequence identities are mostly low. There is still insufficient evidence for the proposed cross-reactivity between salivary proteins from blood-feeding insects and Hymenoptera venom allergens.

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Accession: 071982634

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