+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Medical data science in rhinology: Background and implications for clinicians

Medical data science in rhinology: Background and implications for clinicians

American Journal of Otolaryngology 41(6): 102627

ISSN/ISBN: 0196-0709

PMID: 32682191

DOI: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102627

An important challenge of big data is using complex information networks to provide useful clinical information. Recently, machine learning, and particularly deep learning, has enabled rapid advances in clinical practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in rhinology is an increasingly relevant topic. We review the literature and provide a detailed overview of the recent advances in AI and ML as applied to rhinology. Also, we discuss both the significant benefits of this work as well as the challenges in the implementation and acceptance of these methods for clinical purposes. We aimed to identify and explain published studies on the use of AI and ML in rhinology based on PubMed, Scopus, and Google searches. The search string "nasal OR respiratory AND artificial intelligence OR machine learning" was used. Most of the studies covered areas of paranasal sinuses radiology, including allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinitis, computed tomography scans, and nasal cytology. Cluster analysis and convolutional neural networks (CNNs) were mainly used in studies related to rhinology. AI is increasingly affecting healthcare research, and ML technology has been used in studies of chronic rhinitis and allergic rhinitis, providing some exciting new research modalities. AI is especially useful when there is no conclusive evidence to aid decision making. ML can help doctors make clinical decisions, but it does not entirely replace doctors. However, when critically evaluating studies using this technique, rhinologists must take into account the limitations of its applications and use.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 072109375

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Rhinology in the COVID-19 era: our experience from a rhinology tertiary referral hospital and implications for future practice. Clinical Otolaryngology: Official Journal of Ent-Uk ; Official Journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Cervico-Facial Surgery 46(1): 96-100, 2021

Artificial intelligence in sleep medicine: background and implications for clinicians. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: Jcsm: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine 16(4): 609-618, 2020

Big Data, Data Science, and Causal Inference: a Primer for Clinicians. Frontiers in Medicine 8: 678047, 2021

The Medical Library Association Data Services Competency: a framework for data science and open science skills development. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA 108(2): 304-309, 2020

Clinicians and clients disagree: Five implications for clinical science. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 125(7): 1001-1010, 2016

Big data and clinicians: a review on the state of the science. Jmir Medical Informatics 2(1): E1, 2014

The medical science DMZ: a network design pattern for data-intensive medical science. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: Jamia 25(3): 267-274, 2018

The background for a sociological orientation to medical science. Medical Times 90: 1111-1119, 1962

Primary carcinoma of the liver according to data of the ussr academy of medical science oncological science center. Vestnik Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk SSSR 5: 3-9, 1978

A Medical Application to Bridge the Gap between Clinicians and Clinical Data. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 210: 681-683, 2015

The relationship between nursing and medical cultures: implications for the design and implementation of a clinicians' workstation. Proceedings. Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care 1993: 233-237, 1993

Science in endoscopic cranial base, rhinology, and allergy. International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology 9(1): 6-8, 2019

Academic rhinology: a survey of residency programs and rhinology faculty in the United States. International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology 4(4): 321-328, 2014

Rhinology Future Debates 2017 by EUFOREA: Novel treatments and surgical solutions in rhinology. Clinical Otolaryngology: Official Journal of Ent-Uk ; Official Journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Cervico-Facial Surgery 43(6): 1429-1438, 2018

Medical data capture and display: the importance of clinicians' workstation design. Proceedings. Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care 1994: 541-545, 1994