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Nonionic and anionic surfactant-washing of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in estuarine sediments around an industrial harbor in southern Taiwan

Nonionic and anionic surfactant-washing of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in estuarine sediments around an industrial harbor in southern Taiwan

Chemosphere 256: 127044

ISSN/ISBN: 0045-6535

PMID: 32428741

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127044

Various surfactants, such as nonionic Triton X-100 and Simple Green™ (SG), and anionic sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) and sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS) were utilized to remove polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from heavily contaminated harbor sediments dredged from Kaohsiung Harbor in Taiwan. Desorption/re-sorption equilibrium, kinetics, and washability of PAHs using the selected surfactant were evaluated under different critical micelle concentrations (CMC). Experimental results revealed that the desorption rate of high molecular weight PAHs was greater than those of low molecular weight PAHs, and the anionic SDS was relatively effective in the removal of total PAHs (>50%) compared to the other surfactants. The correlation between the effectiveness of the surfactant washing processes and the physicochemical properties of individual PAH was statistically analyzed. The resulting data suggested that hydrophobic factors (Kow, Koc and Sw) affected PAH treatability more than the reactivity of PAH (electron affinity and ionization potential). Since the adsorption of anionic surfactant altered the hydrophobicity of organic matter in the sediment, PAHs preferred transferring from the sediment to the hydrophobic core of micelles in aqueous solution. Nevertheless, the nonionic surfactant enhanced the PAH partition in the aqueous phase, thus increasing the micellar solubilization of PAH.

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Accession: 072215656

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