PYY-preferring receptor in the dorsal vagal complex and its involvement in PYY stimulation of gastric acid secretion in rats

Yang, H.; Li, W.P.; Reeve, J.R.; Rivier, J.; Taché, Y.

British Journal of Pharmacology 123(8): 1549-1554


ISSN/ISBN: 0007-1188
PMID: 9605560
DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0701767
Accession: 072273992

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1. Microinjection of peptide YY (PYY, 7-46 pmol) into the dorsal vagal complex (DVC) stimulated gastric acid secretion in urethane-anaesthetized rats. Using a variety of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and PYY derivatives, we characterized the pharmacological profile of the receptor mediating the acid secretory response to PYY. 2. [Pro34]rat(r)/porcine(p)PYY and [Pro34]human(h)PYY (23-117 pmol), microinjected unilaterally into the DVC resulted in a similar maximal increase in net acid secretion reaching 68+/-11 and 89+/-31 micromol 90 min(-1) respectively. 3. Rat/hNPY and pNPY (47 pmol) microinjected into the DVC induced a similar net gastric acid secretion (27+/-8 and 23+/-8 micromol 90 min(-1) respectively) and a higher dose (116 pmol) tended to reduce the response. 4. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP, 4-46 pmol), [Leu31,Pro34]r/hNPY (47 and 117 pmol) and the Y2 selective agonists, hPYY3-36, pNPY5-36 and PNPY13-36 (25-168 pmol) microinjected into the DVC failed to influence basal gastric acid secretion. 5. The rank order of potency of PYY > or = [Pro34]r/pPYY = [Pro34]hPYY> r/hNPY = pNPY to stimulate gastric acid secretion upon injection into the DVC and the ineffectiveness of PP, [Leu31,Pro34]NPY and C-terminal NPY/PYY fragments suggest that a PYY-preferring receptor subtype may be involved in mediating the stimulating effect.