Section 73
Chapter 72,396

Psychological and Social Factors Associated with Coexisting Frailty and Cognitive Impairment: a Systematic Review

Ellwood, A.; Quinn, C.; Mountain, G.

Research on Aging 44(5-6): 448-464


ISSN/ISBN: 1552-7573
PMID: 34601993
Accession: 072395679

Those living with coexistent frailty and cognitive impairment are at risk of poorer health outcomes. Research often focuses on identifying biological factors. This review sought to identify the association psychological and social factors have with coexisting physical and cognitive decline. Six databases were systematically searched in July 2020. Studies included individuals aged 60 years or older identified as being both frail and cognitively impaired. A narrative synthesis examined patterns within the data. Nine studies were included, most employed a cross-sectional design. Depression was investigated by all nine studies, those with coexistent frailty and cognitive impairment had higher levels of depressive symptoms than peers. Findings were mixed on social factors, although broadly indicate lower education, living alone and lower material wealth were more frequent in those living with coexistent decline. Further research is needed to explore potentially modifiable psychological and social factors which could lead to the development of supportive interventions.

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