+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Reducing Antimicrobial use and Dependence in Livestock Production Systems: a Social and Economic Sciences Perspective on an Interdisciplinary Approach

Reducing Antimicrobial use and Dependence in Livestock Production Systems: a Social and Economic Sciences Perspective on an Interdisciplinary Approach

Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8: 584593

ISSN/ISBN: 2297-1769

PMID: 33816582

Objective: In livestock production, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is considered an externality as it is the undesired result of preventive and curative antimicrobial use. To address this biosocial issue, our objective is to present an approach based on interdisciplinary research to develop strategies and policies that aim to contain AMR. Method: To do so, we addressed three fundamental questions on which control policies and strategies for agricultural pollution problems are centered in the light of AMR. To ensure the technical, economic, behavioral and political feasibility of the developed measures, we demonstrated the usefulness of systemic approaches to define who, what and how to target by considering the complexity in which the ultimate decision-maker is embedded. We then define how voluntary or compulsory behavioral change can be achieved via five routes, introducing a clear taxonomy for AMR Interventions. Finally, we present three criteria for ex-ante analysis and ex-post evaluation of policies and strategies. Conclusion: Interdisciplinary systemic approaches enable the development of AMR policies and strategies that are technically, politically, economically and, last but not least, behaviorally feasible by allowing the identification of (a) all actors influencing AMU in livestock production, (b) power relations between these actors, (c) adequate regulatory and intervention bases, (d) what behavioral change strategy to use, (e) whom should implement this, as well as the cost-effective assessment of combinations of interventions. Unfortunately, AMR policies and strategies are often investigated within different disciplines and not in a holistic and systemic way, which is why we advocate for more interdisciplinary work and discuss opportunities for further research.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 072437276

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Reproducibility Across 3 T Scanners in a Breast Diffusion Phantom. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Jmri 2022: E28355, 2022

Apparent diffusion coefficient reproducibility of the pancreas measured at different MR scanners using diffusion-weighted imaging. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Jmri 40(6): 1375-1381, 2014

Apparent diffusion coefficient normalization of normal liver: will it improve the reproducibility of diffusion-weighted imaging at different MR scanners as a new biomarker?. Medicine 96(3): E5910, 2017

Agreement and reproducibility of apparent diffusion coefficient measurements of dual-b-value and multi-b-value diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 Tesla in phantom and in soft tissues of the abdomen. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 37(1): 46-51, 2013

Apparent diffusion coefficient reproducibility in brain tumors measured on 1.5 and 3 T clinical scanners: a pilot study. European Journal of Radiology 108: 249-253, 2018

Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging of the normal breast: reproducibility of DTI-derived fractional anisotropy and apparent diffusion coefficient at 3.0 T. La Radiologia Medica 117(6): 992-1003, 2012

Diffusion weighted imaging of the normal breast: reproducibility of apparent diffusion coefficient measurements and variation with menstrual cycle and menopausal status. European Radiology 22(7): 1512-1518, 2012

Dependence of apparent diffusion coefficient measurement on diffusion gradient direction and spatial position - a quality assurance intercomparison study of forty-four scanners for quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging. Physica Medica: Pm: An International Journal Devoted to the Applications of Physics to Medicine and Biology: Official Journal of the Italian Association of Biomedical Physics 55: 135-141, 2018

Diffusion-Weighted Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Semiautomated Voxel Selection Technique Improves Interreader Reproducibility of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Measurements. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 40(3): 428-435, 2016

Effects of MR parameter changes on the quantification of diffusion anisotropy and apparent diffusion coefficient in diffusion tensor imaging: evaluation using a diffusional anisotropic phantom. Korean Journal of Radiology 16(2): 297-303, 2015

Development of a novel phantom using polyethylene glycol for the visualization of restricted diffusion in diffusion kurtosis imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient subtraction method. Biomedical Reports 13(6): 52, 2020

Multi-system repeatability and reproducibility of apparent diffusion coefficient measurement using an ice-water phantom. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Jmri 37(5): 1238-1246, 2013

The Rate of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Change with Diffusion time on Breast Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Depends on Breast Tumor Types and Molecular Prognostic Biomarker Expression. Investigative Radiology 56(8): 501-508, 2021

How to Discriminate Lung Cancer from Benign Pulmonary Nodules and Masses? Usefulness of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Apparent Diffusion Coefficient and Inside/Wall Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Ratio. Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology 15: 11795549211014863, 2021

Application of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in the Detection of Active Sacroiliitis and the Comparison of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient and Relative Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Values. Archives of Rheumatology 31(3): 254-264, 2016