Section 73
Chapter 72,475

Risk Factors Associated with Complications After Unilateral Immediate Breast Reconstruction: a French Prospective Multicenter Study

Dauplat, J.; Thivat, E.; Rouanet, P.; Delay, E.; Clough, K.; Verhaeghe, J.-L.; Raoust, I.; Bannier, M.; Lemasurier, P.; Pomel, C.

In Vivo 35(2): 937-945


ISSN/ISBN: 1791-7549
PMID: 33622886
Accession: 072474194

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For women who have undergone a mastectomy, breast reconstruction provides psychological as well as aesthetic benefits. Thus, many patients ask for an immediate breast reconstruction (IBR). The present study focuses on risk factors assiociated with complications after IBR. A national prospective study (2007-2009) was conducted on 404 patients who underwent an unilateral IBR: 205 implants alone (IA) including 46 tissue expanders, 91 latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flaps with implant (LDI), 78 autologous latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flaps (LD), and 30 autologous transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flaps (TRAM). Outcomes concerned major and minor complications, as well as early and late complications. Related risks of complications were different according to the IBR technique. Major complications rate remained moderate and concerned 15% of patients. Obesity and diabetes significantly increased the incidence of major complications. To reduce complication rate, the risk factors associated with each type of IBR should be taken into account.

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