Sequence polarity between the promoter and the adjacent gene modulates promoter activity
Tran, T.T.; Charles, T.C.
Plasmid 117: 102598
Promoter engineering has been employed as a strategy to enhance and optimize the production of bio-products. Availability of promoters with predictable activities is needed for downstream application. However, whether promoter activity remains the same in different gene contexts remains unknown. Six consecutive promoters that have previously been determined to have different activity levels were used to construct six different versions of plasmid backbone pTH1227, followed by inserted genes encoding two polymer-producing enzymes. In some cases, promoter activity in the presence of inserted genes did not correspond to the reported activity levels in a previous study. After removing the inserted genes, the activity of these promoters returned to their previously reported level. These changes were further confirmed to occur at the transcriptional level. Polymer production using our newly constructed plasmids showed polymer accumulation levels corresponding to the promoter activity reported in our study. Our study demonstrated the importance of re-assessing promoter activity levels with regard to gene context, which could influence promoter activity, leading to different outcomes in downstream applications.