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Site-specific N-glycosylation analysis of soluble Fcγ receptor IIIb in human serum

Site-specific N-glycosylation analysis of soluble Fcγ receptor IIIb in human serum

Scientific Reports 8(1): 2719

ISSN/ISBN: 2045-2322

PMID: 29426894

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-21145-y

Fc-receptors for immunoglobulin G (FcγRs) mediate a variety of effector and regulatory mechanisms in the immune system. N-glycosylation of FcγRs critically affects their functions which is well exemplified by antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and phagocytosis mediated by homologous FcγRIIIa and FcγRIIIb, respectively. Although several reports describe N-glycosylation profiles of recombinant FcγRIII glycoproteins, much remains unknown regarding their native glycoforms. Here we performed site-specific N-glycosylation profiling of a soluble form of FcγRIIIb purified from human serum based on mass spectrometric analysis. Our data indicate a distinct and common tendency of the glycoforms exhibited at each N-glycosylation site between the native and the previously reported recombinant FcγRIII glycoproteins. Among the six N-glycosylation sites of serum soluble FcγRIIIb, Asn45 was shown to be exclusively occupied by high-mannose-type oligosaccharides, whereas the remaining sites were solely modified by the complex-type oligosaccharides with sialic acid and fucose residues. The results of our endogenous FcγRIII glycoform analyses are important for the optimization of therapeutic antibody efficacy.

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Accession: 072543031

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