+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

The cause of the fragile relationship between the Pacific El Niño and the Atlantic Niño

The cause of the fragile relationship between the Pacific El Niño and the Atlantic Niño

Nature 443(7109): 324-328

ISSN/ISBN: 0028-0836

PMID: 16988709

DOI: 10.1038/nature05053

El Niño, the most prominent climate fluctuation at seasonal-to-interannual timescales, has long been known to have a remote impact on climate variability in the tropical Atlantic Ocean, but a robust influence is found only in the northern tropical Atlantic region. Fluctuations in the equatorial Atlantic are dominated by the Atlantic Niño, a phenomenon analogous to El Niño, characterized by irregular episodes of anomalous warming during the boreal summer. The Atlantic Niño strongly affects seasonal climate prediction in African countries bordering the Gulf of Guinea. The relationship between El Niño and the Atlantic Niño is ambiguous and inconsistent. Here we combine observational and modelling analysis to show that the fragile relationship is a result of destructive interference between atmospheric and oceanic processes in response to El Niño. The net effect of El Niño on the Atlantic Niño depends not only on the atmospheric response that propagates the El Niño signal to the tropical Atlantic, but also on a dynamic ocean-atmosphere interaction in the equatorial Atlantic that works against the atmospheric response. These results emphasize the importance of having an improved ocean-observing system in the tropical Atlantic, because our ability to predict the Atlantic Niño will depend not only on our knowledge of conditions in the tropical Pacific, but also on an accurate estimate of the state of the upper ocean in the equatorial Atlantic.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 072686328

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

The cause of the fragile relationship between the Pacific El Nino and the Atlantic Nino. Nature 443: 4-8, 2006

On the Inconsistent Relationship between Pacific and Atlantic Niños. Journal of Climate 25(12): 4294-4303, 2012

The relationship between the Antarctic oscillation and blocking events over the South Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. International Journal of Climatology, 2013

The Relationship between the North Atlantic Jet and Tropical Convection over the Indian and Western Pacific Oceans. Journal of Climate 24(23): 6100-6113, 2011

On the Fragile Relationship between Empirics and Ethics - Sur la fragile relation entre empirisme et éthique. Ethical Perspectives - Katholieke Universiteit Leuven 17(2): 145-182, 2010

Relationship between the rainfall in eastern Northeast Brazil and the sea surface temperature in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental 4(2): 247-251, 2000

Caribbean Sea rainfall variability during the rainy season and relationship to the equatorial Pacific and tropical Atlantic SST. Climate Dynamics 37(7-8): 1533-1550, 2011

Changes and variation in the discharge regime of the Upper Suriname River Basin and its relationship with the tropical Pacific and Atlantic SST anomalies. Hydrological Processes 22(11): 1650-1659, 2008

La fiducia. Un concetto fragile, una non meno fragile realtà La confiance. Un concept fragile, une réalité non moins fragile. Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia 29(3): 383-401, 1988

Dentition patterns among pacific and western atlantic butterflyfishes perciformes chaetodontidae relationship to feeding ecology and evolutionary history. Environmental Biology of Fishes 25(1-3): 159-170, 1989

Inter-relationship between subtropical Pacific sea surface temperature, Arctic sea ice concentration, and North Atlantic Oscillation in recent summers. Scientific Reports 9(1): 3481, 2019

Rainfall variability in Suriname and its relationship with the tropical Pacific ENSO SST anomalies and the Atlantic SST anomalies. International Journal of Climatology 27(2): 249-256, 2007

Warm and cold events in Argentina and their relationship with South Atlantic and South Pacific sea surface temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 108(C11): 3356, 2003

Sequence of sockeye salmon type 1 and 2 growth hormone genes and the relationship of rainbow trout with Atlantic and Pacific salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50(8): 1738-1748, 1993

Nutrient gradients in the western North Atlantic Ocean: Relationship to microbial community structure and comparison to patterns in the Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers 48(11): 2373-2395, 2001