The effect of direct acting antiviral agents on vascular endothelial function in Egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection

Freekh, D.A.; Helmy, M.W.; Said, M.; El-Khodary, N.M.

Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal Spj the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society 29(10): 1120-1128

2021


ISSN/ISBN: 1319-0164
PMID: 34703365
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsps.2021.08.006
Accession: 072700144

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Abstract
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is correlated with cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to assess the effect of treatment with DAAs on vascular endothelial function in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic HCV infected patients without any CVD risk factors. Fifty chronic HCV genotype 4 infected patients, without cardiovascular risks who have been listed to receive sofosbuvir/daclatasvir with ribavirin combination as triple therapy for 3 months were prospectively recruited. Endothelial dysfunction markers as soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and Von willebrand factor (vWf) and inflammation marker (IL6) were estimated at baseline and 3 months post the end of therapy (SVR). All patients achieved SVR. VCAM1 level was significantly improved after HCV clearance with DAA in cirrhotic HCV patients (P = 0.002) compared to patients with mild liver fibrosis (P = 0.006). Levels of vWF also decreased significantly in cirrhosis and non-cirrhosis groups after SVR (P < 0.001 and P = 0.011, respectively). Systemic inflammatory marker (IL6) showed significant decrease in cirrhotic patients (P = 0.001). While, IL6 level did not change significantly in non-cirrhotic group (P = 0.061). Also at SVR, noninvasive liver fibrosis indices have been reduced significantly in the two groups (P < 0.001). HCV clearance by new DAA treatment improves the vascular endothelial dysfunction in Egyptian HCV infected patients with different levels of liver fibrosis and with no risk factors for endothelial dysfunction or CVD.