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Understanding false positives and the detection of SARS-CoV-2 using the Cepheid Xpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 and BD MAX SARS-CoV-2 assays


Understanding false positives and the detection of SARS-CoV-2 using the Cepheid Xpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 and BD MAX SARS-CoV-2 assays



Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 100(1): 115334



ISSN/ISBN: 0732-8893

PMID: 33571862

DOI: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2021.115334

Several real-time RT-PCR assays have received Emergency Use Authorization from the United States Food and Drug Administration. The BD MAX™ SARS-CoV-2 assay, run by the BD MAX™ system, is a qualitative test that detects the SARS-CoV-2 specific nucleocapsid phosphoprotein gene regions, N1 and N2. The human RNase P gene is used as the endogenous nucleic acid extraction control. The Cepheid Xpert® Xpress SARS-CoV-2 assay, run by the GeneXpert system, detects the pan-sarbecovirus E gene and the N2 region of the N gene. We evaluated the performance characteristics of the BD and Cepheid assays using matched patient samples. We also analyzed comparative Ct values for both assays using 183 positive samples tested at this facility. In addition, we mitigated reporting false positive results without relying on interpretive software. We found that both systems showed comparable sensitivity. We found an approximately 3.5% false positive rate from the BD MAX™ system results.

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Accession: 072831684

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