Evading the Immune System: Immune Modulation and Immune Matching in Cell Replacement Therapies for Parkinson's Disease
Morizane, A.; Takahashi, J.
Journal of Parkinson's Disease 11(S2): S167-S172
Stem cell-based therapies for Parkinson's disease are now being applied clinically. Notably, studies have shown that controlling the graft-induced immune response improves the results. In this mini-review, we concisely summarize current approaches used for this control. We focus on four modes of stem cell-based therapies: autologous transplantation, allogeneic transplantation with human leukocyte antigen-matching and allogeneic transplantation without, and finally the application of "universal" pluripotent stem cells. We also discuss immuno-suppressive treatments and the monitoring of immune reactions in the brain.