Functional Shoulder Outcome and Quality of Life Following Modified Muscle-Sparing Pectoralis Major Flap Surgery
Rauchenwald, T.; Knierzinger, D.; Dejaco, D.; Hengg, C.; Schartinger, V.H.; Pierer, G.; Riechelmann, H.; Wolfram, D.
The pedicled pectoralis major muscle flap (PMMF) is a well established flap for fistula prophylaxis after salvage laryngectomy. To reduce donor site morbidity, we established a modified muscle-sparing harvesting technique. We herein investigate postoperative shoulder function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). A chart review of patients receiving the modified muscle-sparing pectoralis major muscle flap between 2013-2020 was performed. Nineteen patients (male = 18, female = 1) were potentially eligible and six male patients were ultimately enrolled. Postoperative shoulder function was assessed on both sides (flap side versus non-flap side) using the Constant Murley Score and the Bak criteria. Health-related quality of life was assessed with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire in cancer patients (EORTC QLQ-C30) and head and neck cancer patients (EORTC H&N35). No Constant Murley Score subscale was statistically significant (p ≥ 0.180). Bak criteria was overall rated "Good". Solely upper extremity adduction force was significantly altered on the flap side (p = 0.039). Median EORTC QLQ-C30 score was 82.2 (IQR 11.1) on the functional scale and 10.3 (IQR 2.6) on the symptomatic scale. Median quality of life score was 75.0 (IQR 33.3) and median EORTC QLQ-H&N35 was 20.6 (IQR 9.8). Postoperative shoulder function after modified muscle-sparing pectoralis major muscle flap surgery is comparable to function of the healthy side with a significant deficiency in adduction force not compromising daily life in this small study cohort.