Successful treatment of Talaromyces marneffei infection in a kidney transplant recipient with voriconazole followed by itraconazole for the first time
Li, Y.; Tang, M.; Sun, S.; Hu, Q.; Deng, S.
Journal de Mycologie Medicale 32(1): 101214
Talaromyces (Penicillium) marneffei (T. marneffei) is an important pathogenic thermally dimorphic fungus in Southeast Asia that leads to a life-threatening systemic mycosis in immunodeficient hosts, especially in AIDS patients. With the increasing AIDS epidemic, the number of patients with T. marneffei infections in mainland China has increased rapidly in recent years. The infection can be life-threatening in people with immunodeficiencies, such as HIV, organ transplantations, autoimmune diseases, and malignant tumors. Here, we present a disseminated T. marneffei infection case in a renal transplant recipient successfully treated with voriconazole followed by itraconazole. We describe the patient's clinical progression from onset symptoms to recovery and review the additional 14 published cases with T. marneffei infections in renal transplant recipients. In addition, we discuss the route of infection and treatment strategies of T. marneffei. Our data suggest that patients with kidney transplantations in T. marneffei infection-endemic areas should presume the possibility of infection and initiate appropriate antifungal treatment.