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Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice via induced electric field (IEF) and its bactericidal mechanism


Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice via induced electric field (IEF) and its bactericidal mechanism



Food Microbiology 102: 103928



PMID: 34809954

Non-conventional heating technology based on electric fields can be utilized to process liquid foods. In this study, the induced electric field (IEF) was investigated to clarify its inactivation mechanism on E.coli. Staining results show that inactivation of E.coli by IEF can be attributed to the reversible destruction of the cell membrane, followed by the denaturation of intracellular enzymes, and finally the irreversible rupture of the cell membrane. The increased levels of extracellular proteins and nucleic acids were also observed. IEF treatment at 400 Hz and 800 V (or 53 V/cm) results in a reduction of 4.5 log CFU·mL-1 in the number of E.coli. Storage life analysis shows that IEF treatment can improve the stability of apple juice and the content of bioactive components. Thus, IEF is a potential technique for liquid food processing.

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Accession: 079447629

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