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Hemolymph Ecdysteroid Titer Affects Maternal mRNAs during Bombyx mori Oogenesis

Zhang, M.; Xu, P.; Chen, T.

Insects 12(11)

2021


ISSN/ISBN: 2075-4450
PMID: 34821770
Accession: 079454761

Silkworm larval-pupal metamorphosis and the first half of pupal-adult development occur during oogenesis from previtellogenesis to vitellogenesis and include two peaks of the hemolymph ecdysteroid titer. Moreover, a rise in 20-hydroxyecdysone titer in early pupae can trigger the first major transition from previtellogenesis to vitellogenesis in silkworm oogenesis. In this study, we first investigated the expression patterns of 66 maternal genes in the ovary at the wandering stage. We then examined the developmental expression profiles in six time-series samples of ovaries or ovarioles by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. We found that the transcripts of 22 maternal genes were regulated by 20-hydroxyecdysone in the isolated abdomens of the pupae following a single injection of 20-hydroxyecdysone. This study is the first to determine the relationship between 20-hydroxyecdysone and maternal genes during silkworm oogenesis. These findings provide a basis for further research into the embryonic development of Bombyx mori.

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