Basic characteristics between mechanomyogram and muscle force during twitch and tetanic contractions in rat skeletal muscles
Sato, I.; Yamamoto, S.; Kakimoto, M.; Fujii, M.; Honma, K.; Kumazaki, S.; Matsui, M.; Nakayama, H.; Kirihara, S.; Ran, S.; Hirohata, S.; Watanabe, S.
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology: Official Journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology 62: 102627
The mechanomyogram (MMG) is a signal measured by various vibration sensors for slight vibrations induced by muscle contraction, and it reflects the muscle force during electrically induced-contraction or until 60%-70% maximum voluntary contraction, so the MMG is considered an alternative and novel measurement tool for muscle strength. We simultaneously measured the MMG and muscle force in the gastrocnemius (GC), vastus intermedius (VI), and soleus (SOL) muscles of rats. The muscle force was measured by attaching a hook to the tendon using a load cell, and the MMG was measured using a charged-coupled device-type displacement sensor at the middle of the target muscle. The MMG-twitch waveform was very similar to that of the muscle force; however, the half relaxation time and relaxation time (10%), which are relaxation parameters, were prolonged compared to those of the muscle force. The MMG amplitude correlated with the muscle force. Since stimulation frequencies that are necessary to evoke tetanic progression have a significant correlation with the twitch parameter, there is a close relationship between twitch and tetanus in the MMG signal. Therefore, we suggest that the MMG, which is electrically induced and detected by a laser displacement sensor, may be an alternative tool for measuring muscle strength.