Section 80
Chapter 79,580

Osthole Inhibits Expression of Genes Associated with Toll-like Receptor 2 Signaling Pathway in an Organotypic 3D Skin Model of Human Epidermis with Atopic Dermatitis

Kordulewska, N.K.; Topa, J.; Stryiński, R.; Jarmołowska, B.

Cells 11(1)


ISSN/ISBN: 2073-4409
PMID: 35011650
Accession: 079579036

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The Toll-like receptor (TLR) family signature has been linked to the etiopathology of atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin disease associated with skin barrier dysfunction and immune system imbalance. We aimed to investigate whether osthole (a plant-derived compound) can inhibit the genetic profile of key genes associated with TLR2 signaling (TIRAP, MyD88, IRAK1, TRAF6, IκBα, NFκB) after stimulation with LPS or histamine in a 3D in vitro model of AD. Overexpression of the aforementioned genes may directly increase the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines (CKs) and chemokines (ChKs), which may exacerbate the symptoms of AD. Relative gene expressions were quantified by qPCR and secretion of CKs and ChKs was evaluated by ELISA assay. LPS and histamine increased the relative expression of genes related to the TLR2 pathway, and osthole successfully reduced it. In summary, our results show that osthole inhibits the expression of genes associated with the TLR signaling pathway in a skin model of AD. Moreover, the secretion of CKs and ChKs after treatment of AD with osthole in a 3D skin model in vitro suggests the potential of osthole as a novel compound for the treatment of AD.

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