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Identifying type of sugar adulterants in honey: Combined application of NMR spectroscopy and supervised machine learning classification


Identifying type of sugar adulterants in honey: Combined application of NMR spectroscopy and supervised machine learning classification



Current Research in Food Science 5: 272-277



PMID: 35141528

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a powerful analytical tool which can be used for authenticating honey, at chemical constituent levels by enabling identification and quantification of the spectral patterns. However, it is still challenging, as it may be a person-centric analysis or a time-consuming process to analyze many honey samples in a limited time. Hence, automating the NMR spectral analysis of honey with the supervised machine learning models accelerates the analysis process and especially food chemistry researcher or food industry with non-NMR experts would benefit immensely from such advancements. Here, we have successfully demonstrated this technology by considering three major sugar adulterants, i.e., brown rice syrup, corn syrup, and jaggery syrup, in honey at varying concentrations. The necessary supervised machine learning classification analysis is performed by using logistic regression, deep learning-based neural network, and light gradient boosting machines schemes.

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