Biologicals and Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Severe Uncontrolled Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps: An Economic Perspective

Van der Lans, R.J.L.; Hopkins, C.; Senior, B.A.; Lund, V.J.; Reitsma, S.

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. in Practice 10(6): 1454-1461


ISSN/ISBN: 2213-2201
PMID: 35231626
Accession: 079721857

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Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a chronic disease with a high prevalence and high disease burden, and the lack of a cure. The socioeconomic burden of the disease is substantial and has been disproportionally increasing over past decades. Treatment is aimed at attaining disease control. Traditionally, topical corticosteroids, endoscopic sinus surgery, and oral corticosteroids are used to treat CRSwNP. The advent of biologics has revolutionized CRSwNP treatment, but these drugs are expensive. From an economic standpoint, it is worth debating whether biologics should be employed in patients with severe uncontrolled CRSwNP who fail to attain disease control with current therapies. This clinical commentary review provides an overview of the socioeconomic burden of chronic rhinosinusitis and treatment modalities, compares endoscopic sinus surgery versus biologics for severe CRSwNP, discusses management recommendations, and highlights future needs in this field. New ways to reduce costs of biologic treatments need to be explored to attain cost-effectiveness and provide patients who have severe CRSwNP with adequate treatment.