Histone deacetylase gene SlHDT1 regulates tomato fruit ripening by affecting carotenoid accumulation and ethylene biosynthesis
Plant Science An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology 318: 111235
ISSN/ISBN: 1873-2259 PMID: 35351307 Accession: 079798847
Fruit development and ripening is a complicated biological process, that is not only regulated by plant hormones and transcription factors, but also affected by epigenetic modifications. Histone deacetylation is an important way of epigenetic modification, and little information about it is available. In this study, an RNAi vector was constructed and transferred successfully into wild-type tomato for further research on the detailed functions of the histone deacetylation gene SlHDT1. The expression level of PSY1 was upregulated, and the transcription levels of LCY-B, LCY-E and CYC-B were downregulated, which was consistent with the increased accumulation of carotenoids. In addition, the expression levels of ethylene biosynthetic genes (ACS2, ACS4 and ACO1, ACO3), ripening-associated genes (RIN, E4, E8, PG, Pti4 and LOXB) and fruit cell wall metabolism genes (HEX, MAN, TBG4, XTH5 and XYL) were significantly upregulated further strengthening the results, including an increased ethylene content, advanced fruit ripening time and a shortened shelf life of tomato fruits. In addition, the increased total histone H3 acetylation level also provides evidence of a connection between epigenetic regulation by histone deacetylation and fruit development and ripening. Hence, SlHDT1 is a negative regulator and plays an essential role in regulating ethylene and carotenoid biosynthesis during fruit ripening through influences on the acetylation level.