Fruit ripening specific expression of β-D-N-acetylhexosaminidase (β-Hex) gene in tomato is transcriptionally regulated by ethylene response factor SlERF.E4
Irfan, M.; Kumar, P.; Kumar, V.; Datta, A.
Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology 323: 111380
N-glycans and N-glycan processing enzymes are key players in regulating the ripening of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruits, a model for fleshy fruit ripening. β-D-N-acetylhexosaminidase (β-Hex) is a N-glycan processing enzyme involved in fruit ripening. The suppression of β-Hex results in enhanced fruit shelf life and firmness in both climacteric and non-climacteric fruits. Previously, we have shown that ripening specific expression of β-Hex is regulated by RIPENING INHIBITOR (RIN), ABSCISIC ACID STRESS RIPENING 1 (SlASR1) and ethylene. However, the precise mechanism of ethylene-mediated regulation of β-Hex remains elusive. To gain insights into this, we have performed 5' deletion mapping of tomato β-Hex promoter and a shorter promoter fragment (pD-200, 200 bp upstream to translational start site) is identified, which was found critical for spatio-temporal transcriptional regulation of β-Hex. Further, site specific mutagenesis in RIN and ASR1 binding sites in pD-200 provides key insights into ripening specific promoter activity. Furthermore, induction of GUS activity by ethylene, yeast one hybrid assay and EMSA identify Ethylene Response Factor SlERF.E4 as a positive regulator of β-Hex. Taken together, our study suggest that SlERF.E4 together with RIN and SlASR1 transcriptionally regulates β-Hex and all these three proteins are essential for fruit ripening specific expression of β-Hex in tomato.