A very Low Volume of Nordic Hamstring Exercise Increases Maximal Eccentric Strength and Reduces Hamstring Injury Rate in Professional Soccer Players
Cadu, J.-P.; Goreau, V.; Lacourpaille, L.
Journal of Sport Rehabilitation 31(8): 1061-1066
ISSN/ISBN: 1543-3072 PMID: 35894913 Accession: 080147684
The aim of this study was to determine whether the inclusion of a very low volume (1 set of 3 maximal repetitions) of eccentric-biased Nordic hamstring program of 21 weeks induced an increase in maximal eccentric strength and whether its magnitude was influenced by the compliance rate. The secondary aim of this study was to determine whether this eccentric-biased Nordic hamstring program was effective at reducing hamstring injury rate. Twenty-three professional soccer players formed the experimental group and undertook regular in-season hamstring strength training and monitoring for 21 weeks. Data from 23 players in the immediately preceding cohort (previous year) were included as a control group. The subdivision of the experimental group revealed that the high compliance subgroup (∼13 d between sessions) exhibited higher changes in maximal eccentric strength compared with the low compliance group (∼24 d between sessions; +26.5%; 95% confidence interval, 7.1%-45.9%; P < .001; g = 1.2). Five hamstring injuries (22%) were recorded in the experimental group and 9 (39%) in the control group, corresponding to a nonsignificant 2.7-fold lower risk (P = .12) of suffering hamstring injury in the experimental group. The current study demonstrates that the inclusion of a very low volume of eccentric-biased Nordic hamstring program for 21 weeks induced an increase in maximal eccentric strength (∼15%) in professional soccer players, the magnitude of which depended on the players' compliance. We also found that this program was efficient (2.7-fold lower risk), although nonsignificant, at reducing hamstring injury rate in professional soccer players.