Liver enzymes and fibrosis markers in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and concomitant chronic viral hepatitis
Van Iderstine, M.G.; Uhanova, J.; Minuk, G.Y.
Canadian Liver Journal 4(3): 317-321
ISSN/ISBN: 2561-4444 PMID: 35992260 Accession: 080208758
The impact of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) on patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections has yet to be determined. In this retrospective, cross-sectional analysis, untreated chronic HBV, hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients with NAFLD had similar liver biochemistry and FIB-4 values as age-, gender-, and viral-load-matched HBeAg-positive patients without NAFLD. Among HBeAg-negative patients with NAFLD, although liver biochemistry findings were similar, mean FIB-4 values were significantly lower (0.98, SD 1.46, versus 1.51, SD 4.04, respectively; p < 0.05) and the percentage of patients with FIB-4 values in keeping with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis was less (0.3% versus 3.9%, p < 0.015) than that of matched HBeAg-negative patients without NAFLD. Chronic HCV-infected patients with NAFLD had higher mean serum aminotransferase values than those without NAFLD (123 U/L, SD 247, versus 90 U/L, SD 128, respectively; p < 0.05). These results suggest that NAFLD adversely affects chronic HCV infections but not HBV infections.