Accumulation and release of adrenaline, and the modulation by adrenaline of noradrenaline release from rabbit blood vessels in vitro
Pharmacology and Toxicology 69 Suppl 3(8): 1-40
The accumulation of (-)-3H-adrenaline (3H-A) by rabbit isolated aorta was studied. In all experiments, monoamine oxidase and catechol-O-methyltransferase were inhibited by treatment with pargyline and 3',4'-dihydroxy-2-methyl-propiophenone, respectively. The relationship between the accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A and the duration of incubation was linear. The 3H-accumulation after 3 h incubation was 22.5 ml/g. In reserpine-treated tissue, the 3H-accumulation levelled off after 30 min and was 8.5 ml/g after 3 h. The concentration of 3H-A or (-)-3H-noradrenaline (3H-NA) and the 3H-accumulation (ml/g) were inversely related. At 10(-8) M, the 1-hour accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A and 3H-NA was 7.8 and 15.2 ml/g, respectively. With increasing concentrations the accumulation values approached each other. The accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A by reserpine-treated tissue also showed an inverse relationship with concentration. The accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A was dependent on the bath temperature. Storage of tissue (0-5 days in salt solution without equilibration with 95% O2/5% CO2; 4 degrees C) did not affect the accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A. Thereafter (7-14 days), the accumulation decreased. The inhibitory potency (IC50; -log M) of desipramine, cocaine, propranolol, isoprenaline, and normetanephrine on accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A was found to be 8.26; 6.50; 5.48; 4.88, and 4.02, respectively. The maximal degree of inhibition was almost the same for these drugs, while that of clonidine and corticosterone was 50 and 20%, respectively. In the presence of desipramine, either clonidine, corticosterone or isoprenaline reduces the accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A. Ouabain and iodoacetic acid, but not sodium cyanide and 2,4-dinitrophenol, reduced the accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A. Anoxia (95% N2/5% CO2; 37 degrees C; 1-24 h) did not alter the accumulation of 3H derived from 3H-A. Glucose deprivation alone or combined with anoxia markedly reduced the 3H-accumulation. The release of 3H-A from rabbit isolated aorta was studied. This release was compared with that of 3H-NA. The stimulation-evoked 3H-overflow from aorta preloaded with 3H-A decreased with repeated stimulation. In contrast, prestimulation enhanced subsequent stimulation-evoked 3H-overflows. For both 3H-amines, the 3H-overflow increased concomitantly to the same degree with the number of pulses. The time course of 3H-overflows with either 3H-A or 3H-NA was compared.