Molecular cloning of a cDNA for the human inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1, and the identification of a third alternatively spliced variant
Nucifora, F.C.; Li, S.H.; Danoff, S.; Ullrich, A.; Ross, C.A.
Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 32(2): 291-296
The Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) is an intracellular calcium channel involved in coupling cell membrane receptors to calcium signal transduction pathways within the cell. We have cloned a cDNA for the human type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor. The sequence contains the S2 splice site which appears to be the region most divergent between rat and human. We now report an additional alternatively spliced region in the coupling domain, that is 9 amino acids long, which we term S3. Alternatively spliced forms are found in both human and rat. PCR analysis of brain and peripheral tissues from human and rat shows both transcripts of the type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor in all tissues. The long form predominates in most brain regions (except the cerebellum) while the short form predominates in peripheral tissues. The sequence of the longer form in human appears to create an additional consensus protein kinase C phosphorylation site.