Forensic examination and application of areca nuts as material evidence

Yan, W.; Yu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Yang, S.; Li, X.; Lu, S.; Zha, L.; Cai, J.

Journal of Forensic Sciences 67(1): 321-327

2022


ISSN/ISBN: 1556-4029
PMID: 34606109
Accession: 080370410

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Abstract
In this study, we aimed to explore the possibility of DNA analysis of areca nut as material evidence and the value of short tandem repeat (STR) typing of areca nut as material evidence under the condition of simulating external environment. In this study, water soaking, soil burial, sun exposure, and wet environment were used to treat areca nut residues. Chelex 100 was used to extract DNA, the PowerPlex21 kit to amplify, and the ABI PRISM® 310 Genetic Analyzer to analyze the DNA of areca nut residues. DNA and STR typing were performed to analyze the residue after chewing. The results showed that the number of residual sites decreased with time under the conditions of water soaking, soil burial, sun exposure, and wet environment. Thus, areca nut can be used as forensic material evidence for DNA analysis and individual identification.