Feeding restriction in the pre and postpartum period of hair ewes raised in the semi-arid region: implications on performance and carcass traits of the progeny

Landim, A.V.; Peres, M.C.R.; Costa, H.él.H.A.új.; Silveira, R.M.F.; Costa, A.C.êl.; Parente, M.d.O.M.; Mourão, G.B.; McManus, C.M.

Tropical Animal Health and Production 54(5): 303

2022


ISSN/ISBN: 1573-7438
PMID: 36107255
Accession: 080502529

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Abstract
Feed restriction (FR) occurs commonly in sheep production systems in the Brazilian semi-arid region and can cause physiological changes in the progeny. We assessed the effects of the FR pre and postnatal on the performance and carcass traits of Morada Nova lambs. Twenty-four lambs born from a group of 68 ewes were distributed in three treatments of 8 replicates as follows: ewes fed ad libitum pre and postnatal (AL-AL); postnatal restriction (POSTN-R): included lambs born from ewes fed ad libitum in the last third of pregnancy with FR postnatal; and prenatal feeding restriction (PREN-AL): comprised lambs born from ewes subjected to FR in the last third of pregnancy but ad libitum postnatal. Slaughter body weight (20.96 kg); total weight gain (11.34 kg); average daily weight (0.096 kg); fasting carcass weight (19.45); hot carcass weight (9.33 kg); and cold carcass weight (9.11 kg) were smaller (P < 0.05) in POSTN-R but similar between AL-AL and PREN-AL. Rib (0.47 kg), shoulder (0.85 kg), loin (0.50 kg), and chest-flank (0.97 kg) had lower weight in lambs under POSTN-R (P < 0.05). The treatments did not affect the tissue composition of the 12th rib. The non-carcass components and carcass traits are the variables that best discriminate animals under FR plans. The postpartum FR in native lambs has an impact on the performance and carcass weight of the progeny, unlike lambs submitted to prepartum FR, which demonstrates the adaptation to intrauterine nutritional deficiency in Morada Nova ewes to produce lambs with heavy carcasses in regions semi-arid.