Effectiveness of high flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy in patients of acute pulmonary thromboembolism with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure

Marwah, V.; Shafin Babu, P.S.; Katoch, C.D.S.; Bhati, G.; Peter, D.K.

Medical Journal Armed Forces India 78(4): 448-453

2022


ISSN/ISBN: 0377-1237
PMID: 36267512
DOI: 10.1016/j.mjafi.2021.03.014
Accession: 080595377

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Abstract
Acute Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is associated with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF), which is a leading cause of death in these patients. High-Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy is a cornerstone of the treatment of respiratory failure. The aim of the present study is to explore the efficacy of HFNC in the treatment of patients of acute PTE with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in India. This is a retrospective study of patients admitted to a tertiary care center with acute PTE with AHRF during the period from January 2018 to January 2020. After reviewing medical files, patients of acute PTE with AHRF treated with HFNC were included in the study. We analyzed the improvement in oxygenation parameters and respiratory rate, as well as outcome in these patients. During the above specified period, 12 patients suffering from PTE with AHRF were treated with HFNC. After 1 h of the initiation of HFNC along with anticoagulation, the respiratory parameters of patients significantly improved. HFNC was applied for a period of 6-10 days. None of the patients required intubation for AHRF, and all patients were discharged from the hospital on oral anticoagulants. HFNC oxygen therapy in patients with acute PTE with AHRF showed rapid improvement of oxygenation and respiratory rate. HFNC oxygen therapy is an efficacious treatment for patients with AHRF secondary to acute PTE without any significant hemodynamic effect. It acts as a superior modality of oxygen therapy avoiding noninvasive and invasive ventilatory support.