Preanesthetic ultrasonography assessment of inferior vena cava diameter in the supine position, left lateral tilt position, and with the left uterine displacement maneuver in full-term pregnant women: a randomized cross-over design study

Furuya, T.; Hirose, N.; Sato, H.; Niikura, R.; Kijima, M.; Suzuki, T.

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 49(3): 904-911

2023


ISSN/ISBN: 1447-0756
PMID: 36513438
Accession: 080726796

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Abstract
Preanesthetic ultrasonography assessment of inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) in the supine position (SP), left lateral tilt position (LLT), and with the left uterine displacement maneuver (LUD) in full-term pregnant women: a randomized cross-over design study. We pre-anesthetically measured IVCD using ultrasonography in the SP, LLT, and the LUD in full-term pregnant women, using a cross-over design, to evaluate the effectiveness of LLT and LUD on increasing IVCD, and the presence of inter-individual differences among patients in the effect of posture on IVCD. Twenty-two parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were recruited. All patients were sequentially placed in the SP, LLT, and with LUD before spinal anesthesia induction. Indices of IVCD, measured by subxiphoid ultrasonography, including maximum IVCD (IVCDmax), minimum IVCD (IVCDmin), and collapsibility index (CI) were recorded in each of the postures. Mean or median values of all measurements were compared among the postures. The mean values of IVCDmax observed with both LLT and LUD were significantly larger than those in the SP, respectively (SP vs. LLT: p < 0.05, SP vs. LUD: p < 0.01), although there were no significant differences between IVCDmax with LLT and LUD. There were no significant differences in IVCDmin and CI between any of the postures. IVCDmax was highest with LUD in 11 patients (55%), in the LLT in seven patients (35%) and in the SP in two patients (10%). LLT and LUD might be equally effective in enlarging the narrowed IVCD as compared to SP. However, both LLT and LUD might not necessarily be appropriate treatments to relieve IVC compression in some cases.